Loading...
Projects / Programmes source: ARIS

Mass concrete - technological optimization by advances experimental methods

Research activity

Code Science Field Subfield
2.01.00  Engineering sciences and technologies  Civil engineering   

Code Science Field
T220  Technological sciences  Civil engineering, hydraulic engineering, offshore technology, soil mechanics 

Code Science Field
2.01  Engineering and Technology  Civil engineering 
Keywords
mass concrete, aggregate, cement, slag, adiabatic curve, concrete shrinkage, finite element method, sequential construction
Evaluation (rules)
source: COBISS
Researchers (20)
no. Code Name and surname Research area Role Period No. of publicationsNo. of publications
1.  10379  PhD Violeta Bokan Bosiljkov  Civil engineering  Researcher  2018 - 2021  590 
2.  17449  Franci Čepon    Technical associate  2018 - 2021  38 
3.  36622  Mitja Čotar  Civil engineering  Researcher  2018 - 2021 
4.  21151  Rok Ercegovič  Civil engineering  Researcher  2018 - 2021  48 
5.  30509  PhD Anka Ilc  Mechanics  Researcher  2018 - 2021  13 
6.  31909  Primož Jurjavčič  Civil engineering  Researcher  2018 - 2021 
7.  20037  PhD Marjeta Kramar Fijavž  Mathematics  Researcher  2018 - 2020  185 
8.  08354  PhD Andrej Kryžanowski  Hydrology  Researcher  2018 - 2021  461 
9.  05930  PhD Ana Mladenović  Geology  Researcher  2018 - 2021  822 
10.  50771  Gregor Narobe  Civil engineering  Researcher  2018 
11.  35925  Mitja Plos  Civil engineering  Researcher  2018 - 2021  33 
12.  50085  Sebastijan Robič  Civil engineering  Researcher  2018 - 2021 
13.  13200  PhD Aljoša Šajna  Civil engineering  Researcher  2018 - 2021  196 
14.  35413  PhD Mateja Štefančič  Civil engineering  Researcher  2018 - 2021  35 
15.  31255  PhD Petra Štukovnik  Civil engineering  Researcher  2018 - 2021  96 
16.  09168  PhD Jakob Šušteršič  Civil engineering  Researcher  2018 - 2021  311 
17.  27666  PhD Gregor Trtnik  Civil engineering  Researcher  2018 - 2021  117 
18.  08437  PhD Goran Turk  Civil engineering  Head  2018 - 2021  526 
19.  27508  PhD Janez Turk  Civil engineering  Researcher  2018 - 2021  216 
20.  01577  PhD Andrej Zajc  Civil engineering  Researcher  2018 - 2020  298 
Organisations (5)
no. Code Research organisation City Registration number No. of publicationsNo. of publications
1.  0792  University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Civil and Geodetic Engineering  Ljubljana  1626981  25,910 
2.  0235  IGMAT Building Materials Institute  Ljubljana  5498503000  310 
3.  1013  Institute for Research in Materials and Aplications  Trzin  5672872  341 
4.  1502  Slovenian National Building and Civil Engineering Institute  Ljubljana  5866324000  10,248 
5.  3316  STRUCTUM, Civil Engineering Institute, d.o.o.  Ajdovščina  6173985  13 
Abstract
During hardening of mass concrete structures (MCS) high amount of heat resulting from hydration and material’s shrinkage develop within concrete elements. This often results into formation of cracks and other failures which negatively influence quality, functionality, and durability of MCS. To effectively overcome the above problems, important issues have to be fulfilled, e.g. appropriate basic materials and design of mass concrete mixture, optimal building technology, accurate pre-calculation of the development of temperature field inside mass concrete element using real, actual characteristics of input materials, etc. To achieve the above requirements, the use of modern technology of design and placing of mass concrete mixtures is of paramount importance, together with the use of mineral and chemical admixtures in the composition of the material and correct and accurate experimental determination of the characteristics of basic materials. In addition to the basic mechanical properties (compressive and bending strength, elastic moduli, etc.), other characteristics have to be evaluated in the case of MCS, namely liberation of hydration heat, thermal conductivity, specific heat, coefficient of linear expansion, shrinkage and creep, concrete porosity, self-healing capability, etc. The above issues associated with designing and building MCS present the main motivation and introducing an appropriate technology with key measures a basic goal of the proposed project. In order to fulfil these issues, a maximum aggregate size in the composition of the material has to be reduced from generally used )63 mm to the site of 16-32 mm, which will affect overall quality of the material significantly and presents the beginning of a new, modern era of mass production of mass concrete mixtures with reduced aggregate size. To achieve these objectives, the project will be at its first stage divided into experimental and numerical part. However, it will be further divided into seven work packages. After initial part, three parts of experimental work will follow, dealing with characterization of input materials, design of concrete mixtures, and determination of properties of fresh and hardened materials using new advanced nondestructive techniques. A wide spectra of basic materials and their combinations will be studied, resulting into a comprehensive database of concrete mixtures. On the basis of the experiments and numerical model performed by the member of the project’s research group used to calculate adiabatic hydration curve of an arbitrary concrete mixture, optimal concrete mixtures will be chosen and further analysed to determine all their properties used to achieve a required quality and durability of MCS. Based on the real, actual values of the initial material parameters experimentally determined using advanced testing techniques, a complex numerical model for calculation of temperature field within MCS will be prepared, allowing determination of adiabatic hydration curve, calculation of fully coupled problem of water, moist air, and heat transfer and consequently prediction of shrinkage of the material. Moreover, the model will allow calculation of successive construction, i.e. determining optimal size of concrete segments as well as optimal time between constructing each segment . The above characteristics present important advantages over existing numerical models. With the objective to reduce environmental pollution, aggregate consisting of blast furnace slag will be used and detailed LCA analysis performed for all the developed mixtures The project’s research group consists of researchers from various Slovenian research organizations with long-time experiences and adequate references in the fields of laboratory, in-situ, and numerical investigations of concrete materials which possess high quality experimental equipment. This clearly indicates importance of the subject and guarantees quality and well timed project performance.
Significance for science
Results of the proposed project are estimated to have mainly the following essential impact for the development of science and profession: Results of experimental work: Analysis of compatibility of individual basic materials, adequate for the construction of mass concrete structures; Analysis of adequacy of individual secondary materials (slag) for the use in mass concrete, considering their influence on the development of hydration and mechanical as well as thermal characteristics; These results shall represent an important contribution, since they will refer directly to the locally available materials, the properties of which can be significantly different from those of other materials to be found in the world literature. For this reason, knowledge about these materials cannot be taken from foreign research results. Results of numerical part: Within the numerical part of the project a numerical model for the calculation of temperature field in (mass) concrete structures will be developed. Its characteristics, important for the development of science and profession in the area of modelling the construction of mass concrete structures, will mainly be the following: Connections among different mechanisms influencing the behaviour of structures: transfer of heat and mass, deformation of structures, Automatic definition of adiabatic curve for concrete mix of arbitrary composition based on the method of artificial neural networks, Possibilities of modelling gradual construction and definition of optimal construction in the sense of calculating the necessary size of individual concrete blocks and time distribution of their construction, by taking into account the permitted requirements and limitations regarding the highest temperatures and temperature gradients in individual concrete blocks.
Significance for the country
Results of the proposed project are estimated to have mainly the following essential impact for the development of science and profession: Results of experimental work: Analysis of compatibility of individual basic materials, adequate for the construction of mass concrete structures; Analysis of adequacy of individual secondary materials (slag) for the use in mass concrete, considering their influence on the development of hydration and mechanical as well as thermal characteristics; These results shall represent an important contribution, since they will refer directly to the locally available materials, the properties of which can be significantly different from those of other materials to be found in the world literature. For this reason, knowledge about these materials cannot be taken from foreign research results. Results of numerical part: Within the numerical part of the project a numerical model for the calculation of temperature field in (mass) concrete structures will be developed. Its characteristics, important for the development of science and profession in the area of modelling the construction of mass concrete structures, will mainly be the following: Connections among different mechanisms influencing the behaviour of structures: transfer of heat and mass, deformation of structures, Automatic definition of adiabatic curve for concrete mix of arbitrary composition based on the method of artificial neural networks, Possibilities of modelling gradual construction and definition of optimal construction in the sense of calculating the necessary size of individual concrete blocks and time distribution of their construction, by taking into account the permitted requirements and limitations regarding the highest temperatures and temperature gradients in individual concrete blocks.
Most important scientific results Interim report
Most important socioeconomically and culturally relevant results
Views history
Favourite