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Projects / Programmes source: ARIS

Positive Youth Development in Slovenia: Developmental pathways in the context of migration (PYD-SI Model)

Research activity

Code Science Field Subfield
5.01.00  Social sciences  Educational studies   

Code Science Field
S000  Social sciences   

Code Science Field
5.03  Social Sciences  Educational sciences 
Keywords
youth, migration, transition, rizky behaviour, school,
Evaluation (rules)
source: COBISS
Researchers (7)
no. Code Name and surname Research area Role Period No. of publicationsNo. of publications
1.  23316  PhD Katja Košir  Psychology  Researcher  2019 - 2022  521 
2.  28361  PhD Ana Kozina  Educational studies  Head  2019 - 2022  363 
3.  31319  MSc Ana Mlekuž  Educational studies  Researcher  2019 - 2022  176 
4.  51989  Tina Pivec  Psychology  Junior researcher  2019 - 2022  75 
5.  32315  PhD Urška Štremfel  Educational studies  Researcher  2019 - 2022  371 
6.  51521  Manja Veldin    Researcher  2020 - 2021  149 
7.  24441  PhD Janja Žmavc  Linguistics  Researcher  2019 - 2022  313 
Organisations (2)
no. Code Research organisation City Registration number No. of publicationsNo. of publications
1.  0553  Educational Research Institute  Ljubljana  5051614000  6,968 
2.  2565  University of Maribor Faculty of Arts  Maribor  5089638050  33,179 
Abstract
The project investigates the longitudinal pathways for positive youth development: identification of individual and contextual factors that promote positive outcomes on the level of individual, school and society, which can prevent risky or problem behavior. Specific focus will be on the context of school and the context of youth at risk in the periods of transition. The findings will be put into an international perspective and the case study with intervention design will be used. The theoretical framework is provided by Positive youth development (PYD) perspective (Lerner, 2007). Research questions addressed in the project are: (1) Which are the support mechanisms (internal and external assets) on the level of individual, classroom, school and society that promote positive youth development of youth at risk in Slovenia? Which factor out of internal assets is the strongest and which factor out of external assets is the strongest in predicting positive youth development and preventing risky or problem behavior? (2) How do support mechanisms differ according to different subgroups and contexts: migration status, transition periods, the role of language use and different (monolingual, bi- and multilingual) language practices? (3) Can the positive youth development be enhanced and risky and problem behavior be prevented: development, implementation and evaluation of intervention (a case study)? (4) How do support mechanisms differ in international contexts: comparisons of data from Slovenia with positive youth development data from other countries. The research design builds from the initial PYD-SI-MODEL towards building the guidelines for policy and practise: (1) The PYD-SI-MODEL: initial model; (2) The PYD-SI-MODEL: contexts (migration, transition, school context, language; (3) The PYD-SI-MODEL: Pathways to risky behavior (aggression, anxiety) and to contribution (prosocial behaviour, empathy); (4) The PYD-SI-PROGRAM: Intervention (randomized quasi-experimental design with control group evaluating intervention designed in the project); (6) The PYD-SI-MODEL: International comparisons (cooperation with the research group at University of Bergen); (7) The PYD-SI-MODEL guidelines. A longitudinal research design in combination with cross-sectional research design and an intervention study will be used on a sample of lower and upper secondary schools in Slovenia with higher percentages of youth at risk. The methodology of longitudinal research design will be used to follow youth at the period of transition, from lower to upper-secondary level. The cross-sectional research design (comparisons in the same time point across several variables and conditions) will be used for comparisons across the subgroups, e.g. age groups, migrant status and in international comparisons. Intervention (a case study) design will follow the methodology of randomized control trial in which students will be randomly assigned either to the intervention or control condition. The set of positive youth development indicators will be based on a selection of quantitative and qualitative measures. Up to now youth development and policies related to youth development have not yet been supported by theoretically based models with longitudinal empirical support. The project will develop the PYD – SI Model and PYD – SI – PROGRAM in which PYD will be used as a baseline but with added Slovenia educational and migrant context. Research project introduces innovative, theoretically based and empirically tested integrative systemic model PYD-SI-MODEL and uses it as a baseline for advanced understanding of protective and risk factors in Slovenian youth (migrant youth included) and for research and planning on the policy and practice level. Additionally and relevant for practice a PYD – SI – PROGRAM for PYD enhancement will be developed, implemented and evaluated.
Significance for science
Up to now youth development and policies related to youth development have not yet been supported by theoretically based models with longitudinal empirical support. The project will develop the PYD – SI Model and PYD – SI – PROGRAM in which PYD will be used as a baseline but with added Slovenia educational and migrant context. Research project introduces innovative, theoretically based and empirically tested integrative systemic model PYD-SI and uses it as a baseline for advanced understanding of protective and risk factors in Slovenian youth (migrant youth included) and for research and planning on the policy and practice level. Additionally and relevant for practice a PYD – SI – PROGRAM for PYD enhancement will be developed, implemented and evaluated. This type of research is not yet present in Slovenia and is innovative also at the European level. In scientific literature, the need to explore the contexts of Positive Youth Development Perspective outside the USA is highlighted in several places (e.g. Koller & Verma, 2017). PYD approach is widely used in research and youth programs throughout USA (Eccles & Gootman, 2002). In the USA, a recent review of PYD frameworks postulates that the 5Cs Model of PYD is the most empirically supported framework to date (Heck & Subramaniam, 2009). However, there is concern about the generalizability of the 5Cs Model of PYD outside of North America. These concerns are addressed in the project. The high theoretical and practical value of PYD perspective needs intercultural comparisons and understanding diversity for youth development when planning youth prevention and intervention programs. The research group strives to promote positive development and to prevent risky behaviors with contextualized models and at the same time bring important insights into the international research area. The research team is collaborating with the research group Positive Youth Development in a Cross-National Perspective which currently includes over 20 countries from all continents and is a reference for the translation of Positive Youth Development Model in the European context. Collaboration with the aforementioned research group will take the findings from Slovenia to a higher level and at the same time will provide an opportunity for international comparisons and contextualization of Slovenian data. The project focuses its research in the context of Slovenia but is at the same time ambitious enough to reach across the borders and impact international research community. In addition to novelty and innovation in a scientific context, the topic is also socially relevant taping to the process of inclusion of immigrant and other youth at risk and early school leaving prevention.
Significance for the country
Up to now youth development and policies related to youth development have not yet been supported by theoretically based models with longitudinal empirical support. The project will develop the PYD – SI Model and PYD – SI – PROGRAM in which PYD will be used as a baseline but with added Slovenia educational and migrant context. Research project introduces innovative, theoretically based and empirically tested integrative systemic model PYD-SI and uses it as a baseline for advanced understanding of protective and risk factors in Slovenian youth (migrant youth included) and for research and planning on the policy and practice level. Additionally and relevant for practice a PYD – SI – PROGRAM for PYD enhancement will be developed, implemented and evaluated. This type of research is not yet present in Slovenia and is innovative also at the European level. In scientific literature, the need to explore the contexts of Positive Youth Development Perspective outside the USA is highlighted in several places (e.g. Koller & Verma, 2017). PYD approach is widely used in research and youth programs throughout USA (Eccles & Gootman, 2002). In the USA, a recent review of PYD frameworks postulates that the 5Cs Model of PYD is the most empirically supported framework to date (Heck & Subramaniam, 2009). However, there is concern about the generalizability of the 5Cs Model of PYD outside of North America. These concerns are addressed in the project. The high theoretical and practical value of PYD perspective needs intercultural comparisons and understanding diversity for youth development when planning youth prevention and intervention programs. The research group strives to promote positive development and to prevent risky behaviors with contextualized models and at the same time bring important insights into the international research area. The research team is collaborating with the research group Positive Youth Development in a Cross-National Perspective which currently includes over 20 countries from all continents and is a reference for the translation of Positive Youth Development Model in the European context. Collaboration with the aforementioned research group will take the findings from Slovenia to a higher level and at the same time will provide an opportunity for international comparisons and contextualization of Slovenian data. The project focuses its research in the context of Slovenia but is at the same time ambitious enough to reach across the borders and impact international research community. In addition to novelty and innovation in a scientific context, the topic is also socially relevant taping to the process of inclusion of immigrant and other youth at risk and early school leaving prevention.
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Most important socioeconomically and culturally relevant results
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