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Projects / Programmes source: ARIS

Fiscal capacity of Slovene municipalities

Research activity

Code Science Field Subfield
5.06.01  Social sciences  Political science  Politology 

Code Science Field
S170  Social sciences  Political and administrative sciences 

Code Science Field
5.06  Social Sciences  Political science 
Keywords
system of municipal financing, municipal own financial sources, trends of fiscal municipal capacity
Evaluation (rules)
source: COBISS
Researchers (9)
no. Code Name and surname Research area Role Period No. of publicationsNo. of publications
1.  28523  PhD Irena Bačlija Brajnik  Administrative and organisational sciences  Researcher  2019 - 2021  211 
2.  22663  PhD Boštjan Brezovnik  Law  Researcher  2019  553 
3.  22430  PhD Silvo Dajčman  Economics  Researcher  2019 - 2021  218 
4.  19072  PhD Miro Haček  Political science  Researcher  2019 - 2021  726 
5.  14704  PhD Borut Holcman  Law  Researcher  2019 - 2021  351 
6.  19448  PhD Žan Jan Oplotnik  Economics  Researcher  2019 - 2021  754 
7.  34128  Petra Podobnikar  Political science  Researcher  2019 - 2021  26 
8.  19647  PhD Vladimir Prebilič  Educational studies  Head  2019 - 2021  606 
9.  28826  PhD Dejan Romih  Economics  Researcher  2019 - 2021  352 
Organisations (3)
no. Code Research organisation City Registration number No. of publicationsNo. of publications
1.  0582  University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Social Sciences  Ljubljana  1626957  40,366 
2.  0585  University of Maribor, Faculty of Economics and Business  Maribor  5089638001  23,272 
3.  0592  University of Maribor, Faculty of Law  Maribor  5089638015  11,406 
Abstract
Economic globalization, increasingly differentiated and unstable markets and the financial crisis are elements of the uncertain future for local communities. Thus local communities ought to appropriately respond to these growing challenges. Due to the pressures of the citizens which demand quality of public services on one hand and the institutional frameworks set by the national government on the other, local communities cannot only passively execute its basic functions. Regardless, local communities in order to carry out their tasks require a material basis, which guarantees the necessary capacity, autonomy and independence. Respectively, fiscal decentralization and the financial autonomy of local communities are vital. Within the relationship between the state and local communities, we adopt the principle of vertical tax equalization, which represents the proportionality between the obligations for the tasks transferred to the local level and the allocated resources and horizontal equalization, which presupposes the proportional distribution of resources among local government units. An optimal system that would ensure an adequate ratio between revenues and cost of carrying out tasks in all local communities is merely an ideal, therefore in practice there are divergences between these categories. The solution of these inequalities could be addressed through (implementing) fiscal autonomy, which aims to allocate adequate financial resources to local communities, which local communities can determine (at least in part) according to their needs and public policies (development strategies). The purpose of allocating jurisdiction over local tax resources is to ensure that local authorities are motivated to exploit their own potentials according to the needs of the local community. In this context, the question on the implementation of appropriate taxes that can be allocated to local communities appears. In principle, they should meet the following criteria: the stability in the tax base, the tax base should be evenly distributed within the jurisdiction, taxes should be clear and identifiable to people, the subject of taxation is tangible and based on the principle of benefit wherever possible, stable and sufficient to cover the needs of the local community (Arora and Norrregaard, 1997: 8). In addition to the autonomy of implementing their own taxes, an important aspect is the possibility for local communities to, in accordance to legislation, determine the benefits and tariffs of local services, which allow them to change the amount of financial inflows and link the financial burden according to the strategic orientation of the local community.   Fiscal decentralization is therefore not under question, as it is also envisaged by the European Charter of Local Self-Government. The question is what kind of fiscal decentralization system is optimal. Or how to move the existing system to a point where municipalities would be financially more autonomous, since Slovenia, according to the Local Autonomy  Index (Ladner, Keuffer, and Baldersheim, 2015) is at the edge of European countries, concerning the fiscal autonomy of municipalities. Since there are several possibilities and models of optimization, it is crucial that a detailed analysis of the actual fiscal autonomy of municipalities is made, and a detailed calculation of all revenue accounts, comparable between the years and comparative between municipalities, before the possible modification or optimization of the system of financing of municipalities. The Article 6 of the Municipal Financing Act lists the tax and non-tax sources of municipalities, but there are different sources within these categories, which also have a different legislative basis. Since most of these resources in relative terms are relatively small (representing a small share of own municipal revenues), they are not getting much attention, unlike to the largest source - Compensation for the use of building land.
Significance for science
Proposed project will have significant influence on further development of this expert field. With thorough analyses of comparison between delegated lump sum and municipal tasks as well as with thorough analyses of all municipal sources (for individual municipality and time trends) a comprehensive database will be established, that could serve for further analyses if needed. As this data is so far unavailable, this project will significantly influence the development of this field.
Significance for the country
Proposed project has indirect positive effect on the economy, since project results will influence more economic local development strategies, which in turn will offer financial relief to local companies. Analyses of financing municipal tasks could propose savings on national level, thus have overall positive influence on economy.
Most important scientific results Final report
Most important socioeconomically and culturally relevant results
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