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Projects / Programmes source: ARIS

Decay of an invasive ctenophore blooms as a perturbation to the coastal marine microbial community - from molecules to ecosystem - an integrated interdisciplinary approach

Research activity

Code Science Field Subfield
1.03.00  Natural sciences and mathematics  Biology   
1.05.00  Natural sciences and mathematics  Biochemistry and molecular biology   

Code Science Field
1.06  Natural Sciences  Biological sciences 
Keywords
Invasive species, Jellyfish blooms, Ctenophores, Dissolved Organic Matter, Marine Microbial Community, Biodegradation, Metaproteomics, Exoproteomics, Ultra-High Resolution Mass Spectrometry, Biogeochemical cycles, Recombinant enzymes, Physical models, Physical-Biogeochemical models
Evaluation (rules)
source: COBISS
Points
2,898.45
A''
442.19
A'
1,910.59
A1/2
2,226.51
CI10
2,356
CImax
145
h10
27
A1
10.79
A3
4.66
Data for the last 5 years (citations for the last 10 years) on June 13, 2024; A3 for period 2018-2022
Data for ARIS tenders ( 04.04.2019 – Programme tender, archive )
Database Linked records Citations Pure citations Average pure citations
WoS  155  2,403  1,962  12.66 
Scopus  176  2,977  2,400  13.64 
Researchers (11)
no. Code Name and surname Research area Role Period No. of publicationsNo. of publications
1.  31814  Urška Dečko    Technical associate  2020 - 2021 
2.  55095  Ana Jančar Lovrič    Technical associate  2021 - 2024 
3.  52909  Mitja Jančič  Computer science and informatics  Researcher  2022 - 2024  24 
4.  34499  PhD Katja Klun  Control and care of the environment  Researcher  2020 - 2024  115 
5.  28366  PhD Gregor Kosec  Computer science and informatics  Researcher  2020 - 2024  164 
6.  34603  PhD Mirijam Kozorog  Biochemistry and molecular biology  Researcher  2020 - 2024  34 
7.  33372  PhD Matjaž Ličer  Physics  Researcher  2023 - 2024  153 
8.  54508  Živa Muhič    Technical associate  2021 - 2024 
9.  51831  Neža Orel  Biology  Junior researcher  2022 - 2024  23 
10.  29618  PhD Tinkara Tinta  Biology  Head  2020 - 2024  173 
11.  31481  PhD Martin Vodopivec  Biology  Researcher  2021 - 2024  86 
Organisations (3)
no. Code Research organisation City Registration number No. of publicationsNo. of publications
1.  0105  National Institute of Biology  Ljubljana  5055784  13,391 
2.  0104  National Institute of Chemistry  Ljubljana  5051592000  21,092 
3.  0106  Jožef Stefan Institute  Ljubljana  5051606000  91,351 
Abstract
Oceans and seas are the largest ecosystem on Earth and are constantly subjected to multiple natural and anthropogenic pertubations that are projected to increase in the future, with possible important implications for the global climate. The complex pool of marine dissolved organic matter (DOM) - one of the largest of reservoirs carbon in the biosphere – is almost exclusively accessible to diverse members of the marine microbial community carrying out different types of metabolisms to process the broad spectrum of compounds present in this oceanic DOM pool. Thus, microbes with their high metabolic activity and abundance have a major impact on the biogeochemical state of the ocean. Hence, to predict the response of the marine ecosystems to natural/anthropogenic perturbations, a mechanistic understanding on the relation between the organic matter field and the metabolic network operated by the microbial community is required. One major perturbation to the marine ecosystem (and its services) is bloom-forming gelatinous marine zooplankton or ‘jellyfish’. Regardless the debate over the accuracy of their reported global increase and on the true cause of the observed fluctuations in their abundance, the increase in jellyfish population size can have serious ecological and detrimental socio-economic consequences, especially in coastal marine ecosystems. The invasive ctenophore Mnemiopsis leiydi is one of those jellyfish species that is still spreading and increasing in population size, with large impact on the ecosystems it invades. Ever since its introduction to the commercially important northern Adriatic coastal zone in the year 2016, M. leiydi forms large-scale blooms. Yet, the implications of the introduction of this invasive ctenophore for this dynamic coastal marine ecosystem, remain unknown. In particular, as its massive blooms start to decay, sinking ctenophore detritus represents a major perturbation and a largely overlooked, but significant source of DOM for ambient microbial communities. The link between jellyfish and microbes has been addressed by only a few studies thus far, demonstrating that jellyfish detritus is rapidly degraded by opportunistic, even potentially pathogenic, microbial phylotypes with possible implications for the marine carbon and nitrogen cycle, marine food web structure and human health and wellbeing. However, the exact processes and mechanisms of microbial degradation of the ctenophore detritus remain unclear and need to be investigated to understand the implications of invasive ctenophore blooms for the biogeochemical state of the invaded ecosystem. We will apply an integrated interdisciplinary approach to tackle this problem – from the molecular to the ecosystem scale. We will characterize the ctenophore-OM using state-of-the-art analytical tools and link it to the metabolic processes operated by the ctenophore-degrading microbial community using cutting edge -omics techniques combining the emerging fields of marine meta- and exo-proteomics with the metagenomic approach. The remineralization rates of specific ctenophore-OM compounds will be determined via biochemical characterization of key microbial enzymes (via artificial gene synthesis and recombinant protein technology). The implications of the microbially-mediated degradation of different bloom-forming jellyfish detritus for the surrounding ecosystem will be evaluated. The relationships between all involved processes and players will be established using physical model and extended to the physical-biogeochemical model to perform case studies in realistic spatial and temporal context. Altogether, this knowledge will enable us understanding the implications of jellyfish blooms on marine biogeochemical cycles, to predict the response of marine ecosystems to this perturbation and allow us to search for mitigation measures for jellyfish blooms and its effects on coastal seas' ecosystem services including human health and wellbeing.
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