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Projects / Programmes source: ARIS

Climate-related natural disasters and the response of the protection, rescue and assistance system in the Republic of Slovenia

Research activity

Code Science Field Subfield
5.06.00  Social sciences  Political science   

Code Science Field
5.06  Social Sciences  Political science 
Keywords
Climate, natural disasters, response, protection, rescue, assistance, municipality, leadership, crisis situations, Slovenia
Evaluation (rules)
source: COBISS
Researchers (9)
no. Code Name and surname Research area Role Period No. of publicationsNo. of publications
1.  30791  PhD Rok Ciglič  Geography  Researcher  2021 - 2023  425 
2.  19072  PhD Miro Haček  Political science  Head  2021 - 2023  712 
3.  23412  PhD Jelena Juvan  Political science  Researcher  2021 - 2023  316 
4.  21464  PhD Blaž Komac  Geography  Researcher  2021 - 2023  638 
5.  33786  PhD Simona Kukovič  Political science  Researcher  2021 - 2023  308 
6.  19647  PhD Vladimir Prebilič  Educational studies  Researcher  2021 - 2023  596 
7.  21650  PhD Uroš Svete  Political science  Researcher  2021 - 2023  417 
8.  56672  Tine Šteger  Political science  Technical associate  2022  10 
9.  54749  Luka Zalokar  Political science  Junior researcher  2021 - 2023 
Organisations (2)
no. Code Research organisation City Registration number No. of publicationsNo. of publications
1.  0582  University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Social Sciences  Ljubljana  1626957  40,573 
2.  0618  Research Centre of the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts  Ljubljana  5105498000  63,142 
Abstract
Although the development of human civilization tries to understand, interpret and, more recently, to predict and manage natural processes, natural phenomena still surprise us. Especially when the effects of the weather cause material damage, injuries or even (fatalities) and when natural disasters or catastrophes become fatal. With each such natural phenomenon, we again wonder why we failed to anticipate it, why we did not respond to it in time, and how it is possible to repeat the same mistakes with all experiences and studied past events, even when dealing with natural disasters. The answer is probably the fact that technological development, especially in the field of communications (not only modern digital information and communication technology, but also the construction of physical communications such as roads, railways, ports, airports) and energy, has made it possible to on the one hand, the global operation of both individuals and entire societies, and on the other hand, once traditional and dependent on natural processes societies have changed, specialized, their specialized parts lead to complexity and are also extremely vulnerable. This is especially true for those societies or countries that are often said to be transitory; Slovenia is certainly one of them. The meeting point of the Mediterranean, the Dinaric Alps, the Alps and the Pannonian Plain is not only our economic (when it comes to transport, logistics, tourism) and political (contact of the Romanesque, Germanic, Hungarian and Western Balkans) comparative advantage, but also has a negative side. Frequent natural phenomena resulting from climate change, which have been occurring throughout Slovenia in the last decade or two, be it the case of ice from the winter of 2014, the case of summer storms and hail, floods in Železniki, repeated fires in the Karst or floods in Ljubljana are examples that simply showed the vulnerability of modern societies, the interdependence of key social infrastructure, dependence on electricity distribution, the weakness of information and communication systems, and also parts of the country due to the consequences of natural disasters (fallen trees, ice and snow, impassable roads, etc.) remained "cut off from the world" and had to prove what in globalization means autarky. These cases are just some of the crisis situations that local communities have faced in the last decade. Local leaders face a number of minor challenges on a daily basis; however, their role as crisis managers is particularly evident in large-scale (natural) disasters, when mayors in the first battle line of crisis management are forced to adopt measures and response policies, which also has important consequences for local governance itself. Research project will have five main objectives:• analysis of the normative framework for organization and operation in the field of protection, rescue and assistance at the level of local self-government (municipalities) in Slovenia;• international comparative analysis (selected EU Member States) and review of the implementation of activities in the field of organization and operation of protection, rescue and relief forces in the event of climate-related natural disasters;• analysis of the operation of the protection, rescue and assistance system in the event of major accidents in the last ten years in Slovenia and analysis of the adequacy of response at the level of urban municipalities, municipalities with the seat of administrative units and smaller municipalities;• analysis of possible discrepancies between different types of local communities in the implementation of activities and analysis of cooperation with the regional and national level in the field of implementation of protection, rescue and assistance measures;• proposals for public policy improvements and guidelines for further introduction of changes in the response to climate-related natural disasters for the local, regional and national levels.
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