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Projects / Programmes source: ARIS

International aspects of the Yugoslav Crisis in the 1990s : Selected Topics

Research activity

Code Science Field Subfield
6.01.00  Humanities  Historiography   

Code Science Field
H000  Humanities   
Keywords
History of South-Eastern Europe,Yugoslavia, minorities, immigrants, emigrants, policy of superpowers, Yugoslav conflict, Slovenes, Croats, Serbs, Macedonians, Montenegrins, Bosniaks, Muslims, Albanians
Evaluation (rules)
source: COBISS
Researchers (5)
no. Code Name and surname Research area Role Period No. of publicationsNo. of publications
1.  08423  PhD Matjaž Klemenčič  Historiography  Head  2004 - 2007  839 
2.  06164  PhD Samo Kristen  Historiography  Researcher  2004 - 2007  128 
3.  11852  PhD Katalin Munda-Hirnoek  Ethnology  Researcher  2004 - 2007  496 
4.  04663  Janez Stergar  Historiography  Researcher  2004 - 2007  951 
5.  10895  PhD Jernej Zupančič  Humanities  Researcher  2004 - 2007  694 
Organisations (1)
no. Code Research organisation City Registration number No. of publicationsNo. of publications
1.  0507  Institute for Ethnic Studies  Ljubljana  5051517000  4,462 
Abstract
Within the framework of the project, the policy of superpowers and other states in the 1990s towards the Yugoslav Crisis will be dealt with, with special attention to the role of minorities belonging to Yugoslav nations and populating the neighbouring states, to emigrants from the former SFRY, and to minority communities in the territory of the former SFRY. The bibliography on events in the territory of the former SFRY in the 1990s is very extensive; however, the survey of influence of individual exterior factors has so far not been fully dealt with, neither has been the question of the role of minority communities belonging to Yugoslav nations and populating the neighboring states, and that of emigrants from the territory of the former Yugoslavia. On the basis of comprehensive bibliography, the roles of the USA, EU, Russia and China will be assed. The USA first waited for an active role of the EU, but then intervened in the events in the territory of the former Yugoslavia. Based upon relevant bibliography, and with detailed knowledge of the complicated decision-making process in the USA, we shall deal with the role of the American legislative and executive branch in the adopting of decisions regarding the degree of military power use in the Yugoslav conflict. Similar is true also of the EU, but within the EU, there was a "struggle" between those who, out of principle or due to historic reasons, refused to recognize the newly emerged states in the territory of the former Yugoslavia (France, Great Britain, Greece, etc.), and those who wished to enforce the recognition (Germany, Austria). Russia, too, had an important role in the Yugoslav conflict, since it once again - as often before throughout history - played the role of protector of Serbian interests in the Balkans (just as did China). The standpoints of Spain and Latin America have not yet been dealt with in any detail. The minority communities in the neighbouring states in question are particularly Slovenes in Italy, Austria and Hungary, Croatians in Austria and Hungary, Serbs in Romania, and the role of the Macedonian question in the process of recognizing Macedonia as an independent, internationally recognized state. As for emigrants, important roles were played by the Serbian and Croatian diaspora, especially by sending material and financial aid, but also by sending volunteers to participate in the combats in the territory of the former Yugoslavia. The roles of the Slovene, Macedonian, and Albanian diaspora which, each in its own way and according to its own possibilities, supported the endeavours of their antestral homelands, were also not negligible. In this period, the neighbouring states, above all Italy and Hungary, considered the interests of their minorities in the SFRY territory while shaping their policy towards the Yugoslav crisis.
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