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Projects / Programmes source: ARIS

Reactor engineering

Periods
Research activity

Code Science Field Subfield
2.13.00  Engineering sciences and technologies  Process engineering   
2.03.00  Engineering sciences and technologies  Energy engineering   

Code Science Field
T160  Technological sciences  Nuclear engineering and technology 

Code Science Field
2.11  Engineering and Technology  Other engineering and technologies 
Keywords
nuclear engineering, safety analyses, design-basis accidents, severe accidents,thermal hydraulics, turbulent flow, boiling, water hammer, steam explosions, aerosols, atmosphere mixing,structural mechanics, ageing, micro-cracks,probabilistic safety assessment, reliability, genetic algorithms, human factor
Evaluation (rules)
source: COBISS
Researchers (24)
no. Code Name and surname Research area Role Period No. of publicationsNo. of publications
1.  07025  PhD Leon Cizelj  Energy engineering  Head  2009 - 2014  963 
2.  12755  PhD Marko Tomaž Čepin  Energy engineering  Researcher  2009 - 2012  558 
3.  33540  PhD Martin Draksler  Energy engineering  Junior researcher  2011 - 2014  107 
4.  22322  PhD Samir El Shawish  Energy engineering  Researcher  2011 - 2014  150 
5.  04143  MSc Ljubo Fabjan  Energy engineering  Technical associate  2009 - 2014  177 
6.  32341  PhD Blazhe Gjorgiev  Energy engineering  Researcher  2009 - 2014  48 
7.  11425  PhD Romana Jordan Cizelj  Energy engineering  Researcher  2009  508 
8.  29889  PhD Duško Kančev  Process engineering  Researcher  2009 - 2014  59 
9.  05570  PhD Ivo Kljenak  Energy engineering  Researcher  2009 - 2014  466 
10.  24075  Tanja Klopčič    Technical associate  2009 - 2014 
11.  16435  PhD Boštjan Končar  Energy engineering  Researcher  2009 - 2014  367 
12.  14572  PhD Matjaž Leskovar  Energy engineering  Researcher  2009 - 2014  435 
13.  23297  PhD Marko Matkovič  Energy engineering  Researcher  2012 - 2014  151 
14.  02852  PhD Borut Mavko  Energy engineering  Researcher  2009 - 2014  930 
15.  34279  PhD Blaž Mikuž  Energy engineering  Junior researcher  2011 - 2014  151 
16.  08661  PhD Andrej Prošek  Energy engineering  Researcher  2009 - 2014  600 
17.  19910  PhD Igor Simonovski  Mechanical design  Researcher  2009 - 2010  149 
18.  19725  Andrej Sušnik    Technical associate  2009 - 2014 
19.  25627  PhD Luka Štrubelj  Energy engineering  Junior researcher  2009  49 
20.  12057  PhD Iztok Tiselj  Energy engineering  Researcher  2009 - 2014  468 
21.  32599  PhD Mihaela Irina Uplaznik  Electronic components and technologies  Researcher  2010 - 2014  23 
22.  29182  PhD Mitja Uršič  Process engineering  Researcher  2012 - 2014  265 
23.  26470  PhD Andrija Volkanovski  Process engineering  Researcher  2009 - 2014  168 
24.  19095  PhD Boštjan Zafošnik  Mechanical design  Researcher  2009  113 
Organisations (1)
no. Code Research organisation City Registration number No. of publicationsNo. of publications
1.  0106  Jožef Stefan Institute  Ljubljana  5051606000  90,695 
Abstract
The Reactor Engineering research programme includes basic and applied research in nuclear energy, engineering and safety. Phenomena that occur during transients, incidents and severe accidents in nuclear power plants are being investigated. Appart from contributing to the improvement of nuclear safety, research results are applicable to a wide range of industrial processes. In the field of thermal-hydraulic safety research, the following basic phenomena that occur during design-basis accidents in light-water-reactor nuclear power plants are being investigated: heat transfer in single-phase and two-phase turbulent flow, subcooled nucleate boiling flow in vertical channels, as well as single-phase and two-phase water-hammer phenomena in piping systems. Basic phenomena which are specific to severe accidents are also being investigated: steam explosions due to interaction between coolant and molten reactor core, atmosphere mixing and stratification in the containment, steam condensation in the presence of non-condensable gases and aerosol behavior (transport, condensation and settling) in the containment. In addition, both design-basis and severe accidents are being modeled on integral scales using system computer codes. In the field of structural safety research, new models are being developed to allow prediction of micro-damages and the study of their influence on the macroscopic behavior of materials. The investigations include simulations of initiation and growth of intergranular cracks in the random grain structure. In the field of probabilistic safety assessment (PSA), new methods are being developed by including time as an additional dimension. PSA is integrated with optimization methods, such as simulated annealing. The influence of human factor on the reliability of complex technological systems is also being investigated.
Significance for science
HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER Simulations and development of boiling and critical heat flux models contribute to the development in the field of heat transfer and phase change in two-phase flows. Simulations of separated flow of liquid film and gas core in a vertical tube contribute to the research on flow pattern development in two-phase gas-liquid flow. Direct numerical simulations of turbulent heat transfer contribute to research on turbulence. Investigations of multiple jet impingement cooling contribute to the development of science in the field of heat transfer enhancement methods. Research in the field of numerical simulations of turbulent flows in fuel bundles constitutes a significant contribution in the field of fluid dynamics in complex geometries. The research of specific phenomena, included in research on the scale of plant systems, also contributes to science development. Research of phenomena, which were not taken into account earlier in simulations (such as multi-dimensional flow phenomena in the reactor vessel) are especially important. Simulations of thermal-hydraulic transient phenomena in the reactor cooling system on the system scale contribute to validation and improvements of two-phase flow models with heat and mass transfer. SEVERE ACCIDENTS Research on atmosphere mixing in the containment contribute to research in the field of buoyant flows. Research of hydrogen combustion is important for understanding the mechanisms of flame propagation. Research on steam explosions contributes to the understanding of mechanisms of core melt droplet solidification and breakup. STRUCTURAL SAFETY ANALYSES The development of multiscale simulation models is among the most active fields in material science and related disciplines. Our proposal of a complete procedure to automatically develop finite elements models of experimentally determined microstructures is among the first of a kind in the world. This also gives us a competitive edge for the development methods predicting the crack initiation and growth in realistic microstructures. The work is important for both nuclear safety and materials science in general. PROBABILISTIC SAFETY ASSESSMENT The research represents a contribution in the fields of probability theory and of the mathematical description of reliability of complex systems, based on the integration of the properties of individual components. The work is important for both nuclear safety and reliability science in general. An important scientific contribution is the development of new heuristic optimization algorithms and their application to real optimization problems.
Significance for the country
The results of all aspects and proposed fields of research and their mutual interrelation and complementarity form a theoretical basis for safety analyses, related with the safe and stable operation of the Krško nuclear power plant (NPP), as well as for the execution of expert tasks for the Krško NPP, the utility company GEN energy and the Slovenian Nuclear Safety Administration. The results thus directly and indirectly contribute to the level of the safety culture in Slovenia. Research in the fields of heat and mass transfer and severe accidents, including combined research with structural integrity and probabilistic safety analyses, are especially important for interdisciplinary analyses and expert tasks that involve transient phenomena and hypothetical accidents. In this way, the research contributes to the long-term availability of competitive electrical energy, and to the protection of the population and the environment. Research in the field of structural integrity and ageing enables a more accurate prediction of the lifetime of important components of the Krško NPP, which has a direct influence on the availability of electricity. Research in the field of probabilistic safety assessment and risk contributes to the establishment of risk-informed decision-making and accelerates the development of regulations and standards based on risk analyses. The purposes of all research activities are set to enable direct knowledge transfer in support of the life-time extension of the existing plant and the planned construction of a new nuclear plant in Slovenia. The importance of research in the general field of nuclear safety (which is also relevant for Slovenia) has especially been shown by the accident at the Fukushima nuclear power plant in Japan (March-April 2011), where it was confirmed, that the prediction of the further course of an accident is important for adequate mitigation and limiting of the consequences. The research programme is also related to the 2nd degree University studies program “Nuclear engineering” and to the Doctoral studies program “Nuclear engineering”, both at the Faculty of Mathematics and Physics at the University of Ljubljana. This allows the transmission of knowledge to next generations and the education of new experts.
Audiovisual sources (1)
no. Title (with video link) Event Source
1. Reactor engineering  Promotional video of research programme on Videolectures  Research programme video presentation 
Most important scientific results Annual report 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, final report, complete report on dLib.si
Most important socioeconomically and culturally relevant results Annual report 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, final report, complete report on dLib.si
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