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Projects / Programmes source: ARIS

Advanced procedures for interactive composition of sensor networks

Research activity

Code Science Field Subfield
2.22.02  Engineering sciences and technologies  Communications technology  Interactive technology 

Code Science Field
T180  Technological sciences  Telecommunication engineering 

Code Science Field
2.02  Engineering and Technology  Electrical engineering, Electronic engineering, Information engineering 
Keywords
interactive things, semantic sensor network, wireless sensor node, semantic technologies, dynamic composition of sensor networks, virtual sensor networks, sevice oriented network, Internet of Things, sensor resource management
Evaluation (rules)
source: COBISS
Researchers (17)
no. Code Name and surname Research area Role Period No. of publicationsNo. of publications
1.  29239  PhD Kemal Alič  Telecommunications  Researcher  2011 - 2014  76 
2.  21307  PhD Matej Artač  Computer intensive methods and applications  Researcher  2011  30 
3.  35934  PhD Klemen Bregar  Telecommunications  Junior researcher  2013 - 2014  36 
4.  29521  PhD Carolina Fortuna  Telecommunications  Researcher  2011 - 2013  158 
5.  07109  PhD Tomaž Javornik  Telecommunications  Researcher  2011 - 2014  440 
6.  05209  PhD Gorazd Kandus  Telecommunications  Researcher  2011 - 2013  556 
7.  15087  PhD Mihael Mohorčič  Telecommunications  Head  2011 - 2014  480 
8.  12765  PhD Roman Novak  Telecommunications  Researcher  2011 - 2014  143 
9.  09856  PhD Igor Ozimek  Computer science and informatics  Researcher  2011 - 2014  178 
10.  33353  PhD Erik Pertovt  Communications technology  Junior researcher  2011 - 2014  23 
11.  17166  PhD Gregor Pipan  Interdisciplinary research  Researcher  2011 - 2014  44 
12.  26466  Miha Smolnikar  Telecommunications  Researcher  2011 - 2014  100 
13.  34648  Tomaž Šolc  Telecommunications  Researcher  2012 - 2014  40 
14.  21555  PhD Marjan Šterk  Computer science and informatics  Researcher  2011 - 2014  69 
15.  17167  PhD Aleš Švigelj  Telecommunications  Researcher  2011 - 2014  250 
16.  25645  PhD Andrej Vilhar  Telecommunications  Researcher  2011 - 2013  116 
17.  33453  PhD Matevž Vučnik  Telecommunications  Researcher  2012 - 2014  42 
Organisations (2)
no. Code Research organisation City Registration number No. of publicationsNo. of publications
1.  0106  Jožef Stefan Institute  Ljubljana  5051606000  91,961 
2.  2012  XLAB software development and consulting Ltd.  Ljubljana  1639714  239 
Abstract
The advances in hardware, wireless networking and web technologies from the last decade may enable, if properly used and integrated, the so called Internet of Things where different devices, things and procedures can be interconnected to enable dynamic, global scale sensing, reasoning and searching infrastructure. With this proposal, we aim at contributing a few building blocks to this grand vision. The final aim is to design and build an Internet of Things compliant advanced prototype that can be integrated with similar prototypes developed by other research teams worldwide. This prototype logically consists of three, vertically integrated layers: the sensor nodes or observation unit; the wireless network connecting the nodes or the observation gathering infrastructure; and the data processing, integration and dissemination layer. The proposed approach also requires consideration of (i) the provision of authorised, secure and traceable access to distributed resource-constrained sensors, appropriately integrating in layers mentioned above; and (ii) the logical grouping of sensors in support of more efficient management of resources. The sensor nodes consist of hardware resources such as sensors, microprocessor and wireless modules, and the corresponding software drivers for managing low level physical resources. We aim to build a fully modular and flexible sensor node suitable for the Internet of Things scenario which will overcome some of the restrictions that similar commercial or academic implementations have. The wireless network connecting the nodes will interconnect the sensor nodes featuring heterogeneous wireless interfaces. In this respect we aim at building a heterogeneous prototype sensor network featuring suitable protocol stacks and algorithms for gathering observations. Finally, the data processing, integration and dissemination layer will use the observations provided by individual sensor nodes or a network connecting such nodes through a gateway, solve the heterogeneous format issues, use data mining techniques for processing large amount of streamed data and, finally, present the outcome in a useful manner. There are several challenges for such system, the three most important being: (i) vertical integration of the three layers into a functioning system (ii) managing scale and (iii) managing dynamicity. With respect to the vertical integration, the difficulty lies on one hand in developing and integrating modules which use non-established, but promising state of the art technology from at least two different fields of science; and, on the other hand in building and managing a team which can interact for building such system. With respect to scalability, on short term, the prototype system will be small scale and controlled, however, on long term, its size is foreseen to increase and diversify, thus posing scale related problems at all levels of the system. Finally, with respect to dynamicity, we are aiming at on-demand interactive composition of sensors (resources or things), therefore posing challenges specific to dynamic heterogeneous systems. The workload of the project is divided among four work packages that correspond to the logical layers, and which will unfold in parallel over time. Researchers with adequate domain experience will work on each of the four work packages, but will interact frequently over time, starting from the thorough analysis of the respective technology, continuing with the definition of the overall vertical system architecture, implementation of the three individual prototypes, vertical integration of prototypes in the overall system, finally with the analysis and optimization of the system.
Significance for science
The program of the project is interdisciplinary and includes a number of innovative elements that are important for the development of new technologies as well as for the development of science and profession in the areas of wireless communications, sensor networks, advanced resource management and the Internet of Things. The project developed new basic knowledge on the efficient management of sensor and associated communication resources, and on the on-demand interactive procedures for composition of these resources into virtual sensors and virtual sensor networks using semantic technologies and machine supported decision making methods. For the purpose of testing and validation most achievements were implemented promptly in the experimental sensor network LOG-a-TEC, which is part of the European initiative FIRE/FIRE+ and thus through the European projects CREW and Fed4FIRE available to the international research community. With constant upgrading of the experimental sensor network, we indirectly contributed to the promotion and adoption of the development of research prototypes and experimentally driven research as relatively little used methodology by researchers in telecommunications. The importance and quality of the project results for the development of science are witnessed through continuous reporting on achievements in recognized international conferences, including the flagship conference in the field of communications, IEEE ICC, as well as in a number of international journals. Contributions, which are partly or entirely related to the research project J2-4197, were presented in five international journals, including three with an impact factor, in one book chapter published by renowned publisher Springer, at more than 15 international conferences and workshops and at four invited lectures. The significance of obtained results is furthermore acknowledged by the international research community through the high number of invitations to joint international research project proposals, which we are receiving because of the knowledge gained in the field of advanced sensor networks and the Internet of Things, the experience in experimentally driven research in the field of wireless communication and sensor networks, and the experimental capabilities supported by the sensor network LOG-a-TEC, partly developed also in the project J2-4197. In part also due to rapid implementation of these capabilities we obtained 5 additional European projects (ABSOLUTE, CITI-SENSE, SUNSEED, ProaSense, and Fed4FIRE) already during the implementation of project J2-4197. Moreover, we have about 10 further project proposals currently in evaluation or under preparation that are also building on top of the achievements of the project J2-4197. Furthermore, the importance of the project for the development of science is also evidenced by the number of master theses and doctoral dissertations related to the project. Two master theses (Maria Porcius and Zoltan Padrah; 2011 and 2012) and one doctoral dissertation (Carolina Fortuna; 2013) have already been completed, while there are still in progress another master thesis and four doctoral dissertations. The outcomes of this project may be extremely relevant for the development of science on a longer term since it would eventually enable a multi-purpose large-scale distributed virtual sensing infrastructure suitable for experimentally driven research in various applied areas. Thus, it is expected that the results will have a significant impact not only on the future development of new procedures and technologies for interactive composition of sensor networks, but indirectly also to other research areas.
Significance for the country
The project belongs to the area of information and communication technologies, which is broadly recognised as one of the key areas that has an important role in enhancing the knowledge, increasing economic efficiency, supporting the development of a range of economic sectors and improving the overall quality of life. The project was addressing modern concepts such as the Internet of Things, semantic sensor networks and service-oriented networks. In fact, following the promotion of the Internet of Things concept sensor technologies are playing increasingly important role in almost every economic and social field from the environmental protection and disaster notification, to the advanced deployments in industry, households, transport, health, etc. Thus, the newly acquired knowledge will undoubtedly benefit national as well as the European economy in the development of new innovative products and services that will include modern concepts of sensor networks. With the introduction in industrial and other work processes, the results of the project have a potential to increase the productivity and innovation and contribute to the modernization of the public sector. In short, sensor networks will represent an important part of the infrastructure that will contribute considerably to the social, economic and cultural development of the entire society. Modern concepts such as the Internet of Things, smart cities, smart grids, ambient assisted / independent living, factories of the future and e-health are promising many new jobs mainly in the private manufacturing and service sectors, and their common denominator are sensor technologies and wireless communications. Therefore, we believe that solutions such as developed in the project J2-4197 for advanced management of sensor and communication resources in a variety of environments represent one of the foundations for future economic recovery and development. Dynamic composition of sensor networks enables the sharing of distributed sensor resources on demand and thereby reduces significantly the costs of development, installation and maintenance of otherwise dedicated sensor network deployments. The main advantages of this approach are most apparent in the case of public infrastructure as expected in smart cities. However, with more advanced processing and data integration and, in particular, by ensuring data security and privacy we expect increased sharing of sensor resources also in the more traditional areas. Following the deployment of the experimental sensor network LOG-a-TEC in cooperation with the Municipality of Logatec and the utility company KP Logatec and its integration in the European FIRE/FIRE+ initiative we perceive an increase in the interest in collaboration by foreign as well as domestic industry. In the broader area of sensor technologies we have been thus collaborating in Slovenia, apart from Xlab as the participating organization, with companies such as Telekom Slovenije, Elektro Primorska and Elektroservisi in a joint European project SUNSEED; Cosylab and Adria Mobil in the technology development projects SMER+ of the Ministry of Economy; Špica, Globtel, AMIS, Iskratel, Innova, Telekom Slovenije and Alpineon in the competence center KC Opcomm; Hella Saturnus Slovenija in a European project ProaSense; etc. This shows that there is large and growing interest in sensor technologies also in Slovenian industry, which may reflect also in the interest in the results and acquired knowledge of the project J2-4197. Nonetheless, the increasing interest of the industry also resulted in the preparation of a new study programme on sensor technologies at the Jozef Stefan International Postgraduate School, to which contributions were provided also by the project group members in order to facilitate the transfer of newly acquired knowledge to younger generations.
Most important scientific results Annual report 2011, 2012, 2013, final report, complete report on dLib.si
Most important socioeconomically and culturally relevant results Annual report 2011, 2012, 2013, final report, complete report on dLib.si
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