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Projects / Programmes source: ARIS

DEVELOPMENT OF A NEW GENERATION OF THERMAL MANIKIN FOR EVALUATION OF PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT AND SAFETY OF HEALTH IN EXTREME WORKING AND LIVING ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS (X-TERMOMAN)

Research activity

Code Science Field Subfield
2.10.01  Engineering sciences and technologies  Manufacturing technologies and systems  Manufacturing cybernetics 

Code Science Field
T000  Technological sciences   

Code Science Field
2.11  Engineering and Technology  Other engineering and technologies 
Keywords
thermal manikin, intelligent system, rapid prototyping, modelling, personal protective equipment
Evaluation (rules)
source: COBISS
Researchers (30)
no. Code Name and surname Research area Role Period No. of publicationsNo. of publications
1.  31265  PhD Mojca Amon  Cardiovascular system  Researcher  2011 - 2012  207 
2.  35855  PhD Tarsi Bali  Medical sciences  Researcher  2014 
3.  04011  PhD Jože Balič  Manufacturing technologies and systems  Head  2011 - 2014  1,286 
4.  26248  PhD Tomaž Brajlih  Manufacturing technologies and systems  Researcher  2011 - 2013  203 
5.  12657  PhD Miran Brezočnik  Manufacturing technologies and systems  Researcher  2011 - 2014  516 
6.  32523  PhD Urša Ciuha  Public health (occupational safety)  Junior researcher in economics  2011 - 2014  97 
7.  08634  PhD Franc Čuš  Manufacturing technologies and systems  Researcher  2011 - 2014  1,193 
8.  28474  PhD Tadej Debevec  Sport  Junior researcher  2011  373 
9.  11943  PhD Igor Drstvenšek  Manufacturing technologies and systems  Researcher  2011 - 2014  549 
10.  20231  PhD Mirko Ficko  Manufacturing technologies and systems  Researcher  2011 - 2014  344 
11.  10470  PhD Nenad Gubeljak  Mechanical design  Researcher  2013 - 2014  881 
12.  33257  PhD Marko Hrelja  Manufacturing technologies and systems  Junior researcher  2011 - 2014  10 
13.  33337  Dragan Jović    Technical associate  2011 - 2013 
14.  31065  PhD Michail Keramidas  Cardiovascular system  Researcher  2011  98 
15.  36741  Iva Kumprej  Medical sciences  Researcher  2013 - 2014 
16.  14676  PhD Igor Mekjavić  Cardiovascular system  Researcher  2011 - 2014  1,274 
17.  33881  PhD Shawnda Morrison  Cardiovascular system  Researcher  2011 - 2013  192 
18.  04169  PhD Ivan Pahole  Manufacturing technologies and systems  Researcher  2011 - 2014  592 
19.  02046  PhD Iztok Potrč  Administrative and organisational sciences  Researcher  2011 - 2014  766 
20.  21382  PhD Jožef Predan  Mechanical design  Researcher  2013 - 2014  410 
21.  36531  Boštjan Razboršek    Technical associate  2013  31 
22.  30939  PhD Marko Reibenschuh  Manufacturing technologies and systems  Junior researcher  2011 - 2012  43 
23.  32137  PhD Jernej Šenveter  Manufacturing technologies and systems  Junior researcher  2011 - 2012  10 
24.  36088  PhD Vito Tič  Systems and cybernetics  Researcher  2013  267 
25.  27555  PhD Bogdan Valentan  Materials science and technology  Researcher  2011 - 2012  66 
26.  34685  PhD Aleksandar Veg  Mechanical design  Researcher  2013 - 2014  23 
27.  03264  Bogomir Vrhovec  Systems and cybernetics  Technical associate  2011 - 2014  60 
28.  18692  PhD Daniela Zavec  Textile and leather  Researcher  2011 - 2014  238 
29.  17582  Danijel Zimšek    Technical associate  2013 - 2014  63 
30.  20232  PhD Uroš Župerl  Manufacturing technologies and systems  Researcher  2011 - 2014  546 
Organisations (2)
no. Code Research organisation City Registration number No. of publicationsNo. of publications
1.  0106  Jožef Stefan Institute  Ljubljana  5051606000  90,976 
2.  0795  University ob Maribor, Faculty of mechanical engineering  Maribor  5089638010  23,990 
Abstract
The ever increasing dangers (natural disasters, different weapons, work in environments we do not know enough about), riskiness of people in extreme environments and connected increased risks for injuries in survival rates dictate ever higher criteria for the manufacture of protective equipment for humans. Consequently a multilevel model for the determination of optimal protective clothing system (Zavec P. & Mekjavic, 2009) has been developed which will be used the planning of personal protective equipment and for the protection of the health of people in extreme working environments. Within the multilevel process of development of the protective clothing systems, from the compatibility of textile materials, complying with the ergonomic requirements, using the numeric models and testing with volunteers in the laboratory and in the field, the thermal manikin has proven as the most useful measuring and testing tool. It represents the anatomical shape of the human body or just a segment of a human body (Mekjavic et. al 2007, Puh award) and within the aforementioned process of development can be used for the determining of thermal and evaporative properties of personal protective equipment. The main objective of the proposed project is the development of an intelligent thermal manikin which will be capable to simulate the human body and to interact to working and living environment using appropriate software. The manikin will incorporate a neuronal model providing thermoregulatory and thermal cognitive responses, based on sensory input. The developed models will be based on the neurophysiological characteristics of peripheral and central thermoreception, and central integration of this input. The developed system will emulate the actions taking place in the human body in reality. The neural model will in an intelligent way enable to perceive the thermal comfort/discomfort, and indices of injury risks. The project comprises three parts: 1) Manikin construction: A sweating thermal manikin will be developed and constructed. It will comprise of several different segments, each with independent regulation of heating and sweating. It will be manufactured with the modern process of rapid prototype manufacture, which will enable the adjustment of measurement of the manikin to individual needs of the real environment.2) Humanoid characteristics of temperature regulation: An inventory of the known characteristics of autonomic and behavioural temperature regulation will be conducted. An experimental model will be developed to document regional coetaneous temperature sensitivity and to document the contributions of different body regions in the assessment of thermal comfort/discomfort. 3) Thermoregulatory model: The characteristics of autonomic and behavioural temperature regulation will be implemented into a thermoregulatory model based on the neurophysiology of thermoreception. This model will be linked to the manikin, such that it will receive the sensory input from core and shell regions, and initiate appropriate thermoregulatory effector mechanisms based on the algorithms available in the literature and/or derived from human trials. The model will provide cognitive feedback regarding thermal comfort, based on the sensory input and effector output. The functionality of the developed thermoregulatory manikin will be evaluated from several perspectives. It will be an essential tool in the planning of optimal protective equipment for extreme working environments for the increase of safety at work. It will also be evaluated as a tool to establish a biometoerological index of the thermal climate, providing assessment of the suitability and risks of a range of indoor (ie. offices, schools, homes for the elderly and handicapped) and outdoor (ie. winter and summer, dry and rainy) environments. It will also be evaluated as a tool assisting in the development of a range of climate control systems (ie. home, business, industrial and automotive).
Significance for science
Within the realized project, we managed to connect the scientific field of mechanical engineering, textile technology and human physiology. In this way, we have successfully developed and produced a useful measurement tool, which is crucial for further development in all areas. Studies will continue to focus on the partial implementation of the testing of textile materials respectively clothing systems, the resulting analysis and optimization of certain clothing systems for specific environmental conditions. At the same time, the software will be further developed in conjunction with data obtained from human tests and with different protocols as was done in the framework of the project.
Significance for the country
With the realization of the project activities we have demonstrated at the national level that it is by appropriate mix of skills in various fields possible successfully develop a measuring system. The latter ie. thermal manikin is not just for research in the laboratory, but will be presented as a tool for the industry. Especially to the industries that are engaged in the development of personal protective equipment. We will establish cooperation with the industry and with the students at an early stage of higher education, all with the importance and possibilities of the use of the developed measuring tools in different environments. Even in the automotive industry and developers of air conditioners. Scientific cooperation has already been established by the Faculty of Textile technology Zagreb. Further, we have connected the project topics with foreign research institutions in Japan and Turkey. Declared are the bilateral cooperation projects. Positively evaluated projects could enable the transfer of local knowledge into abroad. In the opposite direction of the researchers exchanges, we will certainly also receive their professional experience.
Most important scientific results Annual report 2011, 2012, 2013, final report, complete report on dLib.si
Most important socioeconomically and culturally relevant results Annual report 2011, 2012, 2013, final report, complete report on dLib.si
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