Developing countries often rely on the export-led model of growth. Exposure to (developed) foreign markets increases learning opportunities for firms, enhances their competences and capabilities, and facilitates potentially more innovation. The actual benefit differs among firms depending on internal firm characteristics (genetic material). Using survey data for Slovenia we show that export orientation, firms’ genetic material, competences and capabilities and innovation are related. The paper contributes to the literature in several ways, primarily by extending knowledge on innovation and corporate behaviour in an export-led developing country, using micro level data.
We approached the issue of blockholding effectiveness and behaviour by studying some exemplaryorganisational transformations in the Republic of Srpska. We found two distinct clusters of blockholdings. The first cluster is worker-entrenched blockholdings, where most workers are unionised. The second cluster constitutes worker-liberal blockholdings, where most workers are not unionised. There are two distinct subgroups in this cluster. The vast majority of blockholdings in the first subgroup developed a prevailing role of the capital owner, heavyweight management and a less trained workforce. The second subgroup nurtures reciprocity of management and core workers’ cognitive assets, and is also the most productive.
Every major technological event in the economy has caused displacement in the labor market.The paper explores a connection between the degree of digitalization and the employment growth in industry and service sectors within EU countries as the result of “Industry 4.0” technological advancement. Higher degrees of digitalization in this period were accompanied by larger decreases in number of employees with a primary level of education and larger increases in number of employees with a tertiary level, which implies digitalization impacting middle-level jobs towards impacting the low-skill end of the spectrum indicated by the literature. The results also seemed to imply that higher levels of digitalization are accompanied by income growth for secondary and tertiary educated and much smaller or even negative growth for primary educated employees.