The paper describes the existence and nature of control programs for paratuberculosis for the period 2012-2018 in countries for which there is reliable information. It also assesses the rationale for control programs and the outcome of past and current control programs, and presents recommendations for future control programs.
Highlights • Farmers from Slovenia, Poland, Lithuania and the Netherlands used three strategies. • The main strategy was Expansion, Specialisation, and Wait and See. • In 2010, the main strategy for all countries together was that the Expansion. • In 2016, the main strategy for all countries together was the Wait and See. • Larger farms with somewhat younger farmers chose expansion and chain integration.
The paper presents the first in-depth analysis of the Slovenian cattle trade characterized as a complex network. It explores monthly and yearly static networks in detail as well as assesses the usefulness of global and local network measures for targeted control measures. In the second part, it presents the SI (Susceptible-Infectious) model on the temporal network of possible paratuberculosis spread between cattle herds in Slovenia.