Southeastern Slovenia was one of the most important regions of Hallstatt culture in southeastern Alps. This synthesis includes the essential results of long-term research. Analyses of the settlement pattern – including settlements, cemeteries and hoards – were carried out using advanced methodological approaches (GIS). Subsequently, the dynamic of settlement patterns was studied within the time-span from the Late Bronze Age and the Early Iron Age to the Late Iron Age.
The article treats the horse graves in the region of Dolenjska in the Early Iron Age. The way the horses were buried was different (carcass, only parts of the body, skulls and set of teeth), we can find this phenomenon through all the chronological phases of the Early Iron Age.
In the time of the Early Iron Age period the present Slovene territory reached a significant economic and cultural rise. Predominantly developed was the region of Dolenjska to which abundant iron ore deposits contributed. The society of that time that as can be understood from burial and settlement structures did not surpass the tribal cycle. It was organised in communities with chiest at the head. At selecting a chief not only their origin was important but as well their heroic deeds and personal charisma.
The article discusses the issue of spatially positioning and naming archaeological sites. The continuation presents a case where data from the archives was used to help identify and accurately establish the positioning of certain significant tumuli below Magdalenska gora near Zgornja Slivnica that were investigated at the end of the 19th and early 20th centuries.