The article presents results of the research »The role of physical activity in child's social development in late childhood«, which was awarded with the International Council of Sport Science and Physical Education Award (Macau, 26/7/2008). There are presented methods and results of the physical activity impact in child's social skills development, behaviour problems and school performance. The article is concluded with the statement that the role of physical activity in child's development exceeds influences only on the physical and motor development.
In earliest years of schooling, when the personality of child is still forming, it has to be paid a great attention to the child's school performance. Every child in school should be successful as much is possible. The first part of monograph is dealing with the characteristics of the child's development in the period of late childhood with emphasis on the physical activity influences. In the second part are presented results of the empirical study about connections between frequency, form and content of leisure time's physical activity and school performance by Slovene young scholar.
The article presents preliminary results of the postdoctoral basic research project. There is introduced the theoretical hypothesis of the project, aims, methods and first results about the frequency of leisure time's physical activity and the level of social skills development by representative sample of Slovene children in the period of late childhood. There is showed also the fist analyse of the relation between the level of social skills development and the frequency of physical activity.
The purpose of research was to investigate the connections between the level of child’s social skills development and frequency of their physical activity in leisure time. To recognise and understand the role of sport in children’s development it is necessary to observe the connections between developmental characteristics and physical activity habits of children. The results of the pioneer's empirical research showed that physical activity is statistically significant connected with individual social skills in children, especially concerning cooperation, empathy, assertion and self-control.
The aim of the study was to investigate the connections between the frequency and quantity of physical activity and academic competences of young pupils. Empirical study was carried out on the sample of 1783 Slovene children, 48% boys and 52% girls, average age of 10.4 years. Children, who are more physical active have greater overall academic performance (p=0.01), better developed reading (p=0.01) and mathematics skills (p=0.01), greater overall motivation (p=0.01), better overall classroom behaviour (p=0.01) and greater parental encouragement to succeed academically (p=0.05).