This volume presents former waste disposal sites in depressions (dolines and gravel pits) using relief analysis of the former and current landscape and based on comparing them with one another. For the sample areas of the Logatec Karst Polje and the Logatec Karst Plateau, as well as the Ljubljana Gravel Plain, relief analysis was used to define the initial state of dolines and gravel pits before they were filled with waste. The results obtained were checked in the field. The soil above the waste was sampled (probed), a cross-section of the filled depressions was measured for electrical resistance of the ground, and a phytogeographical survey was used to define indicator plants, which serve to indicate the presence of organic waste in a depression. The field research findings represent new premises for further geographic information analyses of vegetation and soil at waste disposal sites. The findings presented in this volume form an important basis for producing a register of former waste disposal sites in Slovenia, which still poses many methodological challenges connected with various types of data.
The monograph analyzes the naming of independent states and their dependent territories. In addition to Slovenian short and full names, genitive and locative short names and their adjectival forms, latinized original or original official short and full names as well as English and French names, the official short and full names of individual territorial political communities their code tags, etymological explanation of name origin and old names and nicknames, as well as the names of their inhabitants are presented. The monograph consists of three parts. The first is theoretical - detailed methodological reflections on exonyms and presenting the arguments of selected nominal forms of CIS countries and dependent territories. Particularly thoroughly are presented some names, whose use is patchy. In the second part, the tabular section, detailed aspects of the nominal 198 independent countries and 51 dependent territories of the most important with a high degree of autonomy that can be relevant policy decisions to ensure independence, are presented. In the third part, the contents is presented by a cartographic presentation of territorial political units on color maps.
This volume discusses the role of part-time farms in the economic, environmental and spatial transformation of the urban fringe. The geographic, social and economic aspects of part-time farms have been researched before and are summarized in the beginning. On the basis of the sample suburban farms, the impact level of the proximity of workplaces on the mobility of the agricultural workforce has been determined. Research has shown that in the case of most farms agriculture is only a secondary activity. This phenomenon does not seem to be affected by the urbanization level of the area where the farm is located. Furthermore, it has been investigated if socio-economic characteristics of suburban agricultural economies reflect in the characteristics of farm management and in the environment. A conclusion was made that part-time farms are, regarding the extent of agricultural areas, smaller than full-time farms, while the structure of their management is spatially more fragmented. Part-time farmers also cultivate a bigger variety of different crops per unit of cultivated agricultural land, which indicates the role of part-time farms in the strengthening of multi-layered agriculture.
After a short historical introduction to the question of Germans in Czechia and Slovenia, the paper deals with three scientific approaches to these, in Central Europe unique, abandoned landscapes. Firstly, land use development and its characteristic features are analyzed. Similarities in land use development in both regions - Czech borderland and Slovenian Kočevje region - are investigated. The focus of the scientific investigation includes the importance of changes that occurred in the study areas from the perspective of the whole landscape(s) of both countries. Secondly, landscapes are perceived as an entity that carries landscape memory and landscape heritage. The importance of the landscapes, of their structures and landscape elements is discussed. Attention is mostly drawn to relict landscape elements that remain in the current abandoned and unmanaged landscapes as a memento of former human activity. Thirdly, an environmental approach and landscape-ecology view is applied to the selected regions. This part of the research is aimed at plant species diversity in secondary forest and the vegetation underneath the trees. Development of the secondary forest and the succession process are discussed. The selected region where this part of the research was carried out represents a landscape which enables us to monitor processes developing after human activities have ended.
Article in the Encyclopedia of natural hazards discusses land degradation as a natural or human-induced process that negatively affects the land to function effectively within an environmental system and can be defined as a process of degrading land from a former state. The article presents land degradation as closely related to sensitivity, resilience, and carrying capacity of land, as well as to vulnerability of people living on and from these lands. A pure anthropogenic definition of land degradation is the loss of a sustained economic, cultural, or ecological function due to human activity in combination with natural processes.