Caries is the most common non-infectious disease of hard dental tissue in humans and the most prevalent disease in the oral cavity in children and adolescents. In school-age children the majority of caries lesions develop on the occlusal surfaces of teeth, and especially on the occlusal surface of the first permanent molars. Tooth pits and fissures sealing is acknowledged as one of the most effective prevention techniques designed to prevent caries in children and adolescents. Fissures sealing prevent microleakage and bacteria growth in fissure system, and has an important impact on enamel surface remineralization process. Decision for tooth fissures sealing should also considered morphology of fissure system and period of time of a tooth eruption. Additionally, different shapes and depths of fissures of permanent molars have different impacts on the factors that enable the development of caries in fissure systems. On the occlusal surface of not yet fully erupted molars, dental plaque accumulates more rapidly than on molars, which are in function. A likelihood of caries development is lower in appropriate sealed pits and fissures comparing to those not seal. In 74-95% of properly sealed teeth dental caries did not developed after 15 years. Assessing effectiveness of different sealer materials include assessing its durability in fissure system and its efficiency to prevent caries development. Regular dental checking of sealed pits and fissure is also very important. Pits and fissure sealing are safe, effective and highly recommended method aimed to prevent dental caries in children and adolescents.
B.04 Guest lectureCOBISS.SI-ID: 28795097
In 2011, Assist. Prof. Alenka Pavlič, PhD, Head of the Department of Children and preventive dentistry, organized and also lectured at the two-semester postgraduate course, which covered selected topics from dentistry for children and preventive dentistry. The course was organized primarily for dentists whose professional work based on dentistry for children and adolescents. The course, which was held in summer semester 2010/2011 and winter semester 2011/2012, was in form of lectures, seminars and workshops. Invited lecturers were also Prof. Milan Petelin, PhD and Assist. Prof. Igor Kopač, PhD.
D.10 Educational activities