Slovenian geographical literature often emphasizes Slovenia’s landscape diversity and its position at the intersection of four major European geographical units: the Alps, the Mediterranean, the Pannonian Basin, and the Dinaric Alps. This article establishes whether Slovenia’s diversity is also reflected in non-Slovenian geographical divisions (classifications, typifications, and regionalizations) of Europe. It examines various divisions of Europe and establishes how Slovenia is divided and to what extent these divisions resemble the well-established Slovenian geographical typification of Slovenia.
The chapter presents some statistical methods that can evaluate certain geographical typification and determine whether landscape types of typification significantly differ depending on the selected data layers of landscape elements. We examined all types of 2 geographical typifications of Slovenia. The older one with 9 types has been determined by using geographic information system only in part, while the later one with 24 types in all.
In order to achieve a landscape classification of Slovenia using geographical information systems we need to select appropriate data. Two methods for the evaluation of a digital data relevancy for determination of natural landscape types were proposed. To find out which data layers can reveal differences among potential Slovenian landscape types, each layer was compared with the map of manually defined Landscape-ecological Types. Data relevancy was defined by Gain Ratio and the Mann-Whitney U test. In this research we analysed the digital data that describe main natural characteristics of a landscape: altitude, slope, rainfall regime, temperature, rock type, river density etc.