The paper discusses some results of anthropological field-research on farm families in Prekmurje (NE Slovenia), the region with favourable conditions for farming. The research focused on the intertwined generations and gender relationships among members of six multigenerational farm families to obtain some new knowledge of these relationships in view of reproduction and developmental orientations of farming in Slovenia. The selected interlocutors (30) were farm householders (3), the beneficiaries of aid for young farmers, and others (3), the non-beneficiaries of such aid. The semi-structured interviews revolved around the topics regarding farm history, gender and generational division of labour, and developmental farm orientation. The fieldwork results show that the beneficiaries of aid for Setting Up of Young Farmers and Early Retirement are promising in two aspects only: they continue with farming and they substantially enlarge the production on the farm compared to the older generation of farmers. The fieldwork material also shows that the introduction of tractors in the late 1960s primarily contributed to a more clear-cut division of tasks between genders irrespective of the size and production capacity of the farm. Irrespective of the time period observed, the farm size and the introduction of tractors, the care for the elderly and children is the working domain of women.
B.03 Paper at an international scientific conferenceCOBISS.SI-ID: 33819437
In the Rural Development Programme 2004-2006 and 2007-2013 (RDP) two measures (the Early Retirement of Farmers and the Setting up of Young Farmers) are aimed to improve reproductive and development capacity of farms. The aim of the survey Generations and Gender Relations on Farms in Slovenia carried out in 2007 was to found out which farm households from the point of view of agricultural development were actually addressed by these two measures. In the paper the focus of analysis is the relationship between gender equality measured through the attitudes towards gender roles, division of labour and decision-making on the farm and considering household chores and development capacities of farms measured by secured succession of the farm and projected extent (no change, increase or decrease) of agricultural activities. The results indicate that farms of the beneficiaries are indeed more development oriented than non-beneficiaries’ farms, while from the gender perspective the farms do not differ among each other.
B.03 Paper at an international scientific conferenceCOBISS.SI-ID: 6789497