Measures of Early Retirement of Farmers and Setting Up of Young Farmers aim at improving agricultural productivity in Slovenia. Who these measures addressed is main research question of the fieldwork carried out in Prekmurje (NE Slovenia), the region with favourable conditions for farming. The results show that the measures addressed farms which had substantially enlarged the size of their farmland, the number of livestock and the capacity of their buildings when the young operators 'in time' took over the farms. These farms are also better equipped (mechanised) and more family members work full-time on them compared to the non-beneficiary farms. The two types of farms observed do not differ in the organisation of farm work by gender. In general, the differences between the male and female working domain are determined by the time-period observed (political regime) and the introduction of tractors in the late 1960s. However, the care for the elderly and children is the working domain of women in all of the generations observed.