CJ resistance to ciprofloxacin, tetracycline and nalidixic acid in Slovenia reached alarming proportions. The ability of Campylobacter to acquire resistance to quinolones is well known and documented, but the reasons for such a high proportion of resistant isolates must be further explored, including the possibility of inappropriate use of antibiotics in poultry production, to expose all the relevant circumstances and likely consequences.
B.04 Guest lectureCOBISS.SI-ID: 3611770
Our results show that in Slovenia in poultry CJ isolates, regardless of the type of sample from which the strains were isolated, and in accordance with the results from other EU countries, antimicrobial resistance is most commonly found against three antibiotics: ciprofloxacin, tetracycline and nalidixic acid. The resistance rate to these antibiotics is well above the European average, with a significant upward trend in resistance to both quinolones in the past two years. The highest level of resistance was noted for fecal CJ strains in 2011, where resistance to ciprofloxacin was 95%, to nalidixic acid 70% and to tetracycline 65% of the isolates. Resistance has very rarely been observed to erythromycin, chloramphenicol against, gentamicin and streptomycin: in this field Slovenian isolates maintain good sensitivity and are below the European average.
B.06 OtherCOBISS.SI-ID: 3542650
The basic objectives of the legislation, which covers the area of food production is setting standards in the field of consumer health protection. Foodstuffs should not contain micro-organisms or their toxins or metabolites in quantities that present an unacceptable risk for human health. The use of microbiological criteria should form an integral part of the implementation of HACCP-based procedures.
B.06 OtherCOBISS.SI-ID: 3608698