The challenge in conserving forest genetic diversity resides in integrating scientific knowledge on conservation genetics into management of tree populations so that recommendations are feasible to implement across different countries. Therefore theoretical and practical aspects of genetic conservation in forest trees are reviewed and pan-European requirements for genetic conservation units of forest trees are presented. The presented requirements promote dynamic conservation of genetic diversity and are now used for managing tree populations in 36 countries.
Molecular experimental data for population genetics is often stored in spreadsheet programmes or as input data for computer programmes that enable analysis of population genetics. Such data storage can often be read only by the researcher conducting the experiment, lead to inconsistencies in the dataset and limit the future use of the dataset. A database layout in Access was developed to facilitate transparent population genetic data storage in a single location and simplify its use for population genetic analysis through a computer programme that enables filtering of the data and transforms it into Genepop, SpaGeDi, Structure, Baps and Convert input files.
A poor coincidence between forest genetic resources (FGR) conservation and other biodiversity conservation objectives within EUFGIS network was detected. We identified 2 complementary strategies: a species-oriented strategy and a site-oriented strategy. The network is highly unbalanced in terms of species representation, and 7 key target species are conserved in 60% of the conservation units. Particularly in the marginal parts of species distribution ranges gaps in the network for conservation of FGR were identified, while multiple redundant conservation units were found in other areas.