The contribution is concerned to research activities for development of potencial technological processes for CO2 emission reduction and its sequestration and further conversion to fuels (USA - Virginia Tech, College of Engineering, 2014)
B.04 Guest lectureCOBISS.SI-ID: 1536015811
A successful co-gasification of plastics and biomass was achieved in the 100 kW dual fluidized bed (DFB) gasification pilot plant. The results of a pilot plant experiment were used as a sound basis for scale-up prediction to 750 kW semiindustrial DFB plant. By an eightfold increase of mass and heat flows a rather simplified co-gasification process was predicted. Namely, the losses occurring in gasification plants are expected to be relatively smaller in larger plants. The effect of decreased losses was studied with an equilibrium model. Three different situations were simulated with the following fixed values of losses: 70 kW, 115 kW and 160 kW. The model showed an increase in fuel conversion when losses were reduced.
F.04 Increase of the technological levelCOBISS.SI-ID: 18783254
The objective of this work was to increase laccase production by Pleurotus ostreatus PLAB through culture medium optimization using solid-state culture conditions. Increased laccase activity was obtained through the design of experiments (DOE) using the Taguchi orthogonal array (OA). Seven factors, viz. lignocellulose, glucose, yeast extract, peptone, KH2PO4, MgSO4 · 7H2O and MnSO4 · H2O at three levels and pH at two levels with OA layout of L18 (21 × 37) were selected for the proposed experimental design using Minitab 17 software. Data analysis showed that lignocellulose (20%) and glucose (10 g L-1) had a positive effect, whereas KH2PO4, MgSO4 · 7H2O and MnSO4 · H2O did not have a significant effect on laccase production. Taguchi OA analysis showed that pH 6, lignocellulose 20%, glucose 10 g L-1, yeast extract 6 g L-1, peptone 15 g L-1, KH2PO4 3 g L-1, MgSO4 · 7H2O 0.5 g L-1 and MnSO4 · H2O 0.1 g L-1 were the optimal conditions to maximize laccase production. The model predicted a 30.37 U g-1 dry wt., which agreed with the experimentally obtained laccase activity 29.15 U g-1 dry wt. at optimal conditions.
F.10 Improvements to an existing technological process or technologyCOBISS.SI-ID: 19268374
The paper proposes a novel concept for renewable network covering entire renewable value chain with division on supply, demand and technology sections. The organisation of renewable network covering all sections is deemed to be vital for accomplishing the optimal distribution and deployment of renewable energy sources.
F.09 Development of a new technological process or technologyCOBISS.SI-ID: 26754087
Polyacryl–nanoclay composites are new class of materials obtained by dispersing montmorillonite clay nanoplatelets (nanoclay) into the polymer matrix. In present work we investigate and confirmed that montmorillonite nanoclay significantly enhances barrier properties of acrylic composite. Two stage of dispersion process was used to prepare polyacry–nanoclay composites. Different percentages of montmorillonite clay nanolayers were added to polyacryl dispersion and applied on steel panel with 0% (w/w), 1% (w/w), 2% (w/w) and 4% (w/w) of nanoclay as composites. Performance of nanoclay intercalation in polyacryl composite was measured by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and the structure characteristics of samples were analyzed with transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The effectiveness of prepared nanocomposites was identified by the hardness measurements and mechanical properties. Further anticorrosion characteristics, especially barrier properties were indirectly detected by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). This method was also used for the determination of montmorilonite nanoclay optimal concentration
F.10 Improvements to an existing technological process or technologyCOBISS.SI-ID: 37094405