The article analyses the casualty aversion among the Slovenian society considering three dimensions; namely the histo-political, the socio-demographic and the cultural dimension. The Slovenian public opinion survey show a continuously strong risk aversion among the Slovenians therefore the purpose of the article is: 1) establish how can be strong risk aversion explained by selected dimensions; 2) identify what part of the population is most risk aversive. Results reveal an existence of a cultural pattern safety bubble vs. risk awareness. As the risk aversion model reveals the Slovenian society present a safety bubble, with strong risk aversion and very narrow selection of activities worth making sacrifices.
The interorganizational lesson in the fight against terrorism has been clearly identified after 9/11, but not completely learned and applied. Horizontal cooperation and coordination structures have been established, yet their functioning is not optimal due to many challenges. This paper reaches beyond the prevailing mantra concerning the need for interorganizational cooperation in the fight against terrorism by providing a framework for understanding the complexity of network counterterrorism and the relevant challenges. It introduces four levels of complexity that must be comprehended in order to achieve an optimal and comprehensive strategic approach in the fight against terrorism. Based on this, it argues that successful counterterrorism strategy needs to provide capacities for multiorganizational, interorganizational and network horizontal cooperation, and the capacity to manage many related intergoganizational challenges. The conclusions also suggest that our societies are still not ready conceptually and practically speaking to embrace a truly comprehensive network approach to a networked threat. The interorganizational approach in the fight against terrorism is ultimately what organizations make of it.
Contemporary military organizations have undergone important changes in terms of values and expected performance in multinational environments. Military leaders were the first to adapt to the changes, since they present core of military profession. This article identifies professional skills and personal characteristics of contemporary military leaders, based on cross-national perceptions of Italian and Slovenian service-members. Both key findings indicate a cultural gap between the traditional masculine, hierarchical and the flexible, culturally open military organization.
This article contributes to the body of knowledge on normative power by analyzing the case study of Japan, from the standpoint of a country that has increased and then applied its normative power as an important means through which traditional (interest-based) foreign, security and defense goals can be pursued. In the analysis of Japan's aspirations to become recognized as a global normative power advocate, we analyze the impact of the end of the Cold War and the Gulf War on the country's perception of its strategic environment, and subsequent efforts to redefine its role in promoting a new norms-based framework.
Variables from the Slovenian Public Opinion Surveys on National and International Security (from 1990 to 2012) were tested against the basic postulates of the Political Realist, Liberal, Constructivist and Critical Security theoretical paradigms. A model was developed in which the general theoretical concepts (expressed through attitudes towards threats, values, security concepts/policies, security mechanisms/instruments) are complemented with variables from the public opinion surveys in order to analyze the general public’s propensity towards these various theoretical paradigms. The analysis reveals that the attitude of the Slovenian public to the selected security issues can be best explained by Critical Security theories, and also to a lesser extent by Liberal and Constructivist theories; by contrast, traditional Political Realism offers little explanatory potential.