This paper investigates the characteristics of functionally derelict areas in Slovenia, criteria for their identification, typology and arguments for further monitoring, and regular updating. This new spatial and data layer. Both specifying the precise location and knowledge of characteristics of derelict areas, i.e. brownfields, are an important step towards sustainable planning and placement of activities. In 2017, we recorded 1081 functionally derelict areas in Slovenia in a total area of 3423 ha, with a prevalence of areas of industrial and craft activities.
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The authors represent the current state of the locations, types, sizes and other characteristics of functional derelict areas (FDAs) in the Podravje statistical region, and provide an assessment of their developmental and spatial potential. The data are based on field recording and data collection, which are part of the results of the project (Target Research Program) and the emerging national records of degraded areas of Slovenia. On the basis of field work in the summer of 2016 and upgrading with other relevant information, in the Podravje region (in 21 out of 41 municipalities) 84 FDAs were recorded on a total area of 213.86 ha. The first data for this region are interpreted from the point of view of their reactivation and the latest planned interventions in the area.
The decision for the sustainable regional development concept is paralleled by the initial finding that present developmental approach in accordance with the increasing use of resources, have run out and that new approaches have to be found. This is offered by the sustainable paradigm. This is firstly a conscious choice: the direction of future thinking, planning, working, and managing has to consider the principles of sustainability as a primary, most important aspect of development. Because of the mentioned tendencies, it is necessary that geographers contribute to an actual and faster transition to a more sustainably functioning society. In our joint monograph, we warning of the fundamental obstacles and showing the possibilities for searching for some solutions.
The paper is a contribution to understanding the spatial structure of recent economic development in Slovenia, measured by five indicators. The result is the distribution of municipalities in Slovenia in terms of their economic strength and economic potential in 5 categories. At least favourable economic development has 63 municipalities in Slovenia (27,7%), while 11 municipalities (5,2%)are defined as the most developed ones. The results of the categorization differ to a certain extent from the current studies of the development situation and development trends in Slovenian municipalities. The results of the analysis can be the basis for further discussion within the process of spatial and regional policy renovation in Slovenia.
Over the recent decades, the concept of functional urban areas (FUAs) has been relatively independently established in many countries around the world. The paper first addresses the FUA concepts and their application. Thereafter, a FUA analysis is conducted using an adapted version of the methodology used by OECD and Eurostat on the case of Slovenia. Results showed that the existing network of urban centres is solid enough so that FUAs are formed around them, which will in time grow into more solidly delineated functional regions (FRs).