Projects / Programmes source: ARRS

Upgrade of the methodology for designation of nationally important landscape identity areas

Research activity

Code Science Field Subfield
5.08.00  Social sciences  Urbanism   

Code Science Field
T260  Technological sciences  Physical planning 

Code Science Field
5.07  Social Sciences  Social and economic geography 
landscape, character, identity, landscape features, spatial planning
Evaluation (rules)
source: COBISS
Researchers (9)
no. Code Name and surname Research area Role Period No. of publicationsNo. of publications
1.  38159  PhD Tadej Bevk  Social sciences  Junior researcher  2018 - 2020  53 
2.  16378  PhD Mojca Golobič  Social sciences  Principal Researcher  2018 - 2020  459 
3.  24125  MSc Irena Hočevar  Social sciences  Researcher  2018 - 2020  18 
4.  12798  MSc Jelka Hudoklin  Biotechnical sciences  Researcher  2018 - 2020  193 
5.  36394  PhD Peter Kumer  Humanities  Researcher  2018 - 2020  159 
6.  25009  PhD Nadja Penko Seidl  Social sciences  Researcher  2018 - 2020  100 
7.  50163  PhD Tomaž Pipan  Social sciences  Researcher  2018 - 2020  94 
8.  26379  PhD Mateja Šmid Hribar  Humanities  Researcher  2018 - 2020  271 
9.  17073  PhD Mimi Urbanc  Humanities  Researcher  2018 - 2020  439 
Organisations (3)
no. Code Research organisation City Registration number No. of publicationsNo. of publications
1.  0481  University of Ljubljana, Biotechnical Faculty  Ljubljana  1626914  64,890 
2.  0618  Research Centre of the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts  Ljubljana  5105498000  59,808 
3.  2013  ACER Novo mesto, a limited liability company specialized in spatial planning, design and evironmental studies  Novo mesto  5609038  207 
The concept of landscape character has been introduced in Slovenian policies by the Strategy of spatial development (SPRS, 2004) and Spatial order of Slovenia (PRS, 2004). The landscape contents in both documents have been based on the extensive expert work; such as Strategy of landscape protection in Slovenia, 1996, Landscape typology of Slovenian regions 1998, Guidelines for exceptional landscapes' management) as well as using criteria for exceptional landscapes' designation and protection of cultural heritage. Since then there has not been much attention to the topic of landscape management and protection, the landscape character objectives have not been supported by implementation instrument. In the meantime, landscapes in Slovenia changed significantly, particularly in terms of losing significant, harmonic landscape patterns and structures. Urban sprawl and dispersed settlement in the countryside on the one side and structural changes in agriculture: abandonment of farming and its intensification on the other are main driving forces .   The methodology of designating landscape character features and areas has become outdated not only because of spatial, socio-economic and political changes but also due to advances in the knowledge and methods in the field of landscape analysis and evaluation. The upgrade of the methodology in the proposed project will link state of the art knowledge to policy development processes and action, required for protection and increase of valuable landscapes. The aim of this project is to verify and upgrade the existing methodology of designating landscape character areas, important for national identity. Criteria for designating these areas will be set to enable evaluation and selection of these areas. The proposed method will be tested in two pilot areas: Triglav national park (TNP) and another one, based on previous results. Providing spatial guidelines for the TNP area will also be a part of the testing. The project is organized into five work packages. The first one includes developing conceptual framework based on the analysis of literature and other sources. One of the inputs will be an analysis of the application of existing methodology on national and local level and validation of its results. The second work package involves empirical research to test and select criteria. Survey among the general and professional public will be conducted on adequate sample; the results will be interpreted and integrated in the methodology. In the second part of this package we will address the representatives of institutions related to landscape, and collect their opinions by structured interviews. The results will be used in the third package to propose the (renewed) methodology of designating landscape character areas, important for national identity, develop general rules for landscape management. The method here includes testing the proposal in two areas. Testing in TNP will be further developed in the fourth work package into proposal of spatial management guidelines and criteria for the park area. Fifth work package is devoted to dissemination of the results and runs parallel to the previous ones. It involve organization of the meetings, presentations and workshops for stakeholders, as well as publications in general and research media.   The main results of the project include: (1) the upgraded methodology of designating landscape character areas, important for national identity, based on conceptual framework, analysis of experience, empirical research in general and professional public, discussion with stakeholders and verification on two pilot cases (2) general rules for landscape management in landscape character areas of national importance, (3) designation of the landscape character areas and spatial management guidelines and criteria for the park area and (4) several actions for increasing awareness of the landscape in general and professional public and among the institutions d
Significance for science
The proposed project addresses one of the key issues, emphasized in European landscape convention -  identification and assessment of landscapes. This issue is a starting point for taking actions in other fields, mentioned in the Convention, namely landscape conservation, management and planning. Landscape character and identity are within international scientific arena a subject of research and interest for many scientific fields, whereas the topic has been - at least considering research funding -  somehow neglected in Slovenia in the last decade. In spite of that, the topic has been researched by few individuals. Several publication of this interdisciplinary research group’s members are a proof of that. The proposed project addresses the topic comprehensively - starting with (re)defining basic theoretical concepts of landscape character and identity, (re)developing the methodology for determining landscape character areas, and, last but not least, with the application of the proposed methodology.  The research project will provide empirical testing among the professional and lay public. The results will thus gain the reliability as well as relevance for the international scientific community.
Significance for the country
Nowadays landscape is being recognized as one of the key elements of European culture and heritage, since - throughout the centuries - it has been shaped by many past generations. Natural diversity, combined with diverse social and political systems has resulted in the mosaic of landscapes, which are becoming more and more uniform. Defining landscape character and identity is the first step towards protection of their regional and local characteristics. In spite of the fact that landscape is an important spatial resource as well as the common denominator of numerous sectors, it is  rarely explicitly considered in neither spatial plans nor sectoral development policies. The results of this research project will be readily applicable in the strategic spatial development documents (National Strategy of the spatial development - SPRS2050 and its action plan, Spatial order of Slovenia and landscape concepts as inputs for regional and local land use plans. Important means of transposition into practice will be management plans for nature conservation areas, watersheds, forests, and through agricultural payments. The methodology for determining landscape character areas and elements, developed within the project should be followed by measures for implementing these contents into spatial and/or sectoral development acts. The project will therefore also discuss and propose such means for example as establishment of the institutionalized stakeholder for landscape, adoption of landscape policy and promoting the importance of landscape character and features in the general and professional public.
Most important scientific results Annual report 2018
Most important socioeconomically and culturally relevant results Annual report 2018, final report
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