Projects / Programmes source: ARIS

Occupational risks in sex work at the intersections of policy framework and social stigma (ORIS)

Research activity

Code Science Field Subfield
5.03.00  Social sciences  Sociology   

Code Science Field
5.04  Social Sciences  Sociology 
sex work, occupational risks, stigma, policies, human rights
Evaluation (rules)
source: COBISS
Data for the last 5 years (citations for the last 10 years) on September 26, 2023; A3 for period 2017-2021
Data for ARIS tenders ( 04.04.2019 – Programme tender, archive )
Database Linked records Citations Pure citations Average pure citations
WoS  83  496  456  5.49 
Scopus  106  959  883  8.33 
Researchers (10)
no. Code Name and surname Research area Role Period No. of publicationsNo. of publications
1.  28195  PhD Veronika Bajt  Social sciences  Researcher  2020 - 2023  235 
2.  53338  Monika Bohinec    Technical associate  2020 - 2023 
3.  24767  MSc Mojca Frelih  Social sciences  Researcher  2020 - 2023  174 
4.  18944  PhD Majda Hrženjak  Anthropology  Researcher  2021 - 2023  344 
5.  27894  PhD Neža Kogovšek Šalamon  Law  Researcher  2020 - 2023  375 
6.  21584  PhD Roman Kuhar  Culturology  Researcher  2020 - 2023  766 
7.  55090  Leja Markelj  Sociology  Researcher  2021 - 2023  21 
8.  21687  PhD Mojca Pajnik  Political science  Researcher  2020 - 2023  607 
9.  29686  PhD Iztok Šori  Sociology  Head  2020 - 2023  200 
10.  33490  PhD Tjaša Učakar  Sociology  Researcher  2020 - 2023  69 
Organisations (2)
no. Code Research organisation City Registration number No. of publicationsNo. of publications
1.  0366  Peace Institute  Ljubljana  5498295000  3,578 
2.  0581  University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Arts  Ljubljana  1627058  96,476 
Scientific background The project is grounded on the findings from the literature on sex work that exclusionary policies and stigmatization of prostitution disempower sex workers, deprive them from human and labour rights and create contexts for their exploitation (Kempadoo & Doezema 1998; Augustín 2007; Graham 2017). The main research thesis is that occupational risks in sex work are being formed at the intersections policy framework and prostitution stigma. We specifically focus on prostitution as one of the sectors within the sex industry, which we approach from the perspective of work and harm reduction. The emphasis is on developing a methodological and theoretical framework that foregrounds voices and interests of sex workers and to investigate pathways to their empowerment - increased agency, autonomy and human rights - through policy building and policy execution. Problem definition 1. Sex workers in Slovenia are a marginalized and discriminated social group excluded from public life, spaces and the creation of state policies. 2. Considering prostitution theory and research, Slovenia is globally an underrepresented country. 3. Policy framework on prostitution is not oriented after the needs of sex workers and is not informed by research. Relevance, research aims and impact The project aims to strengthen an underdeveloped research field of sex work with development and execution of an inclusive methodology and with building of a theoretical framework, which will interrelate the concepts of occupational risks, policy framework and stigma. Project’s key objective is to conduct a basic scientific research on prostitution in Slovenia, which will a) present empirically based estimations on the prevalence of occupational risks and needs of sex workers and examine the relation of occupational risks to the concept of “governing through crime” (Simon 2007). b) explore how stigma is reproduced through policy, institutions and assistance programs and implement the concept of “policy inclusiveness” (Östergren 2017). By enhancing the understanding of occupational risks in sex work, we aim to move the focus of the research and policy making from criminalization and control of sex workers to enhancement of their agency and human rights and contribute to the adoption of an inclusive, comprehensive and multidimensional policy on sex work in Slovenia. Originality and research methods The project in particular contributes to the field of research on occupational risks in sex work, which is in the literature rare, while in Slovenia this approach has not yet been applied. The research will be the first in Slovenia to provide mapping of the prostitution sector and to present empirically based estimations on the prevalence of occupational risk and needs of sex workers. An inclusive methodological and theoretical framework will be developed with the goal to enhance the understanding of victimization and agency in sex work. The study uses the “mixed methods’ approach”. Its initial phase (WS1) uses the methods of meta-analysis and literature review to systematically show the results of previous studies on prostitution in Slovenia and the methodologies used. In the second phase (WS2) a quantitative research method will be applied (online survey) for the first time in prostitution research in Slovenia, with the goal to ensure estimations on occupational risks in sex work. For mapping of the sector the method of data analysis will be applied. The qualitative method of focus groups will include sex workers in the process of methodology development and interpretation of the results. In WS3 qualitative methods (socio-legal analysis and interviews) will be applied to reveal the complex relations between policy texts and their implementation, stigma and the lives of sex workers. A strong emphasis is on the dissemination of the results (WS4) nationally and globally.
Views history