Projects / Programmes source: ARRS

Development of comprehensive models for national security threat assessment and measuring the effectiveness, efficiency, and quality of police work: an overview of foreign approaches, good practices, and their application for Slovenia

Research activity

Code Science Field Subfield
5.04.00  Social sciences  Administrative and organisational sciences   

Code Science Field
5.06  Social Sciences  Political science 
Police, police work, effectiveness, efficiency, quality, security, safety, threat, indicators, model, method, assessment, measurement, Slovenia, European union
Evaluation (rules)
source: COBISS
Data for the last 5 years (citations for the last 10 years) on June 4, 2023; A3 for period 2017-2021
Data for ARRS tenders ( 04.04.2019 – Programme tender, archive )
Database Linked records Citations Pure citations Average pure citations
WoS  60  209  149  2.48 
Scopus  63  311  232  3.68 
Researchers (6)
no. Code Name and surname Research area Role Period No. of publicationsNo. of publications
1.  17048  PhD Branko Lobnikar  Social sciences  Researcher  2021 - 2022  1,187 
2.  52374  Anže Mihelič  Engineering sciences and technologies  Researcher  2021 - 2023  90 
3.  33280  PhD Maja Modic  Social sciences  Researcher  2021 - 2023  229 
4.  56983  Teja Primc  Social sciences  Researcher  2022 - 2023  13 
5.  38302  PhD Kaja Prislan Mihelič  Social sciences  Principal Researcher  2021 - 2023  242 
6.  36113  PhD Boštjan Slak  Social sciences  Researcher  2021 - 2023  128 
Organisations (1)
no. Code Research organisation City Registration number No. of publicationsNo. of publications
1.  2131  University of Maribor Faculty of Criminal Justice  Ljubljana  5089638047  8,681 
In recent years, EU countries have been facing constant changes in the security situation, and as a result, approaches to safety and security provision are simultaneously changing. Activities such as the active following of modern trends, introducing best practices, and identifying development opportunities are the essential preconditions for security in Slovenia and the Police organization to prosper in the future. In order to efficiently and effectively cope with security changes, both the EU and Slovenia shall endeavour to improve the quality management of policing and public trust in the police. Such improvements include developing mechanisms for national threat and security assessment and measuring the effectiveness and efficiency of police work. Measuring police performance and efficiency is an essential strategic management mechanism to: determine the fulfilment of police organisation objectives, monitor the quality of work, and identify opportunities for improvement. Attempts to measure police work have evolved and changed since the existence of a modern police organisation. However, there are frequent discussions about the suitability of different approaches to assessment in the literature and practice. Measuring police performance is a complex and demanding task to which simple methods cannot provide solutions. As such, measuring police effectiveness, efficiency, and quality is a severe methodological challenge. This reflects in several diverse approaches, both in practice and in research. The reason for this fluidity lies in the complex nature of police work, which involves a variety of police tasks that cannot be judged in the same way. Some policing activities can be assessed more straightforward than others. For example, it is easier to measure the activities associated with traditional policing, while difficulties arise in measuring the effectiveness of modern policing approaches. In ensuring and assessing police performance, the assessment of security threats is also a significant challenge. Because the security situation is constantly changing, the police can only successfully adapt to change if they gain a thorough insight into the situation in the environment in which they operate. In assessing threats to national security, the primary problem is that the scientific point of view is greatly neglected. Additionally, the methodologies in practice are not uniform, both between countries and between areas at the national level. Therefore, the fundamental issues are related to the use of appropriate methods and the selection of the right measurement indicators. Accordingly, the purpose of the research project is to analyse the models and criteria used in EU countries and elsewhere to assess the security threats and police performance to determine the applicability of these approaches and criteria in Slovenia. The aim is to propose and theoretically define comprehensive and uniform approaches to measuring national security conditions and threats, as well as the effectiveness, efficiency, and quality of the Slovenian Police work. The models will be directly applicable and in accordance with strategic and operational guidelines of the Slovenian Police. According to the purpose and goal of the project, activities will take place through several work packages, the aim of which is: (a) to analyse the models and criteria used in EU countries and elsewhere for assessing the security situation on a national or community level; b) develop a model for assessing the security situation in Slovenia with improvement proposals, (c) analyse the models and criteria used in EU countries and elsewhere for measuring the effectiveness, efficiency, and quality of police work, (d) analyse current measurement approaches and (e) propose a comprehensive, uniform and directly applicable approach to measuring the performance, efficiency, and quality of the Slovenian Police work.
Views history