Projects / Programmes source: ARIS

Hate speech in contemporary conceptualizations of nationalism, racism, gender and migration

Research activity

Code Science Field Subfield
5.03.00  Social sciences  Sociology   

Code Science Field
5.04  Social Sciences  Sociology 
Hate speech, nationalism, racism, gender, migration, ethniciy, nation, nation-state, refugee crisis, integration, pandemic, COVID-19, computational analysis
Evaluation (rules)
source: COBISS
Data for the last 5 years (citations for the last 10 years) on June 17, 2024; A3 for period 2018-2022
Data for ARIS tenders ( 04.04.2019 – Programme tender, archive )
Database Linked records Citations Pure citations Average pure citations
WoS  246  3,357  2,983  12.13 
Scopus  368  6,436  5,624  15.28 
Researchers (19)
no. Code Name and surname Research area Role Period No. of publicationsNo. of publications
1.  28195  PhD Veronika Bajt  Social sciences  Head  2021 - 2024  242 
2.  53338  Monika Bohinec  Criminology and social work  Technical associate  2021 - 2023 
3.  58166  Zoran Fijavž  Social sciences  Junior researcher  2023 - 2024 
4.  29609  PhD Ana Frank  Anthropology  Researcher  2023 - 2024  54 
5.  24767  MSc Mojca Frelih  Social sciences  Researcher  2021 - 2024  185 
6.  58165  Sergeja Hrvatič  Law  Junior researcher  2023 - 2024 
7.  03706  PhD Vlasta Jalušič  Political science  Researcher  2021 - 2024  395 
8.  27894  PhD Neža Kogovšek Šalamon  Law  Researcher  2021 - 2024  392 
9.  50926  PhD Maja Ladić  Political science  Researcher  2022  49 
10.  08949  PhD Nada Lavrač  Computer science and informatics  Researcher  2021 - 2024  869 
11.  36871  PhD Nikola Ljubešić  Linguistics  Researcher  2023 - 2024  415 
12.  23354  Marijan Manoilov  Economics  Researcher  2023  21 
13.  55090  Leja Markelj  Sociology  Researcher  2022  35 
14.  50070  PhD Matej Martinc  Linguistics  Researcher  2021 - 2022  86 
15.  53800  Andraž Pelicon  Linguistics  Researcher  2021 - 2024  48 
16.  31844  PhD Senja Pollak  Linguistics  Researcher  2021 - 2024  293 
17.  56524  Marko Pranjić  Linguistics  Researcher  2022 - 2024  24 
18.  53851  PhD Matthew RJ Purver  Linguistics  Researcher  2021 - 2024  107 
19.  37486  PhD Anita Valmarska  Systems and cybernetics  Researcher  2022 - 2023  35 
Organisations (2)
no. Code Research organisation City Registration number No. of publicationsNo. of publications
1.  0366  Peace Institute  Ljubljana  5498295000  3,619 
2.  0106  Jožef Stefan Institute  Ljubljana  5051606000  91,415 
Hate speech in contemporary conceptualizations of nationalism, racism, gender and migration Background Slovenia faces a significant increase and normalization of hate speech on social networks, accompanied by heated discussions on whether to prosecute or ignore it because the society is continuously riddled by a dilemma whether the restriction of hate speech is a violation of freedom of expression. A complete terminological confusion exists in delineating the concepts of socially unacceptable speech, offensive speech, hate speech and speech which is criminally prosecutable. Problem definition Research shows a rise in nationalist economic protectionism, Islamophobia, homophobia, hate speech and racist attacks on foreigners and minorities, but there are no in-depth analyses of the relationship between nationalism/racism, migration and gender in the generation of hate speech. The project seeks to answer the following research questions: -1. How to study and define hate speech? Is hate speech any offensive act against a particular social group or does it specifically relate to subjugation of minorities perceived as the Other? -2. How is hate speech generated and what is the role of the position and (dis)privilege in social hierarchy of the “source” and the “target” of hate speech? -3. What is the explanatory model that connects the concepts of hate speech, racism, nationalism, gender and migration? -4. Can the contemporary challenges of mass migration, global COVID-19 pandemic and the related upsurge in nationalism and anti-immigrant hate speech be addressed by alternative counter-narratives? The overall research goal is to generate new knowledge and find new solutions, based on science. Specific objectives are: 1. To address the contemporary challenge of polarization of societies in Slovenia as well as in Europe that has increasingly become attributed by certain actors to immigration by analysing hate speech as a phenomenon inextricably linked to nationalism and racism. The objective is to situate hate speech within the nation-state’s nationalising practices. 2. To produce the first comprehensive sociological study of the connection between hate speech, nationalism, racism and migration as gendered. Research aims to formulate an explanatory model that connects these concepts. 3. To contribute to a clearer conceptualization of hate speech: who, how and why generates hate speech and what is the role of political elites and of the systemic reproduction of social inequalities. The project sets as a goal a formulation of hate speech definition. 4. To enable a deeper understanding of interdependence between nationalist/racist constructions of reality and the modern occurrences of homophobia, sexism, hate speech, exclusion and intolerance towards the Other that accompany the (populist) discourses on migration. Specifically, this means uncoupling intersectional exclusions. 5. To contribute to inclusive society based on equality and personal security of members of minorities, enabling each individual a full cooperation, self-realization and development of their own intellectual and social potentials. Research methods The project defines four thematic case studies: 1. Nationalism, racism and migration through the prism of gender and sexuality; 2. Counter-narratives of addressing hate speech and exclusion; 3. Significant Others, Dangerous Others and the construction of migration as a threat; 1. Computational analysis of online generation of Us/Them exclusion. The project applies a combination of quantitative and qualitative methods; key are legal and policy analysis, survey, biographical narrative interview, focus groups, discourse analysis, content and thematic analysis, natural language processing.
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