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Projects / Programmes source: ARRS

Wood Science and Technology

Periods
Research activity

Code Science Field Subfield
4.01.00  Biotechnical sciences  Forestry, wood and paper technology   

Code Science Field
T460  Technological sciences  Wood, pulp and paper technology 
Keywords
wood, anatomy, arboriculture, dendrochronology, properties, formation, drying, wood pathology, wood pests, protection, modification, woodworking and wood processing technologies, wood chemistry, surface finishing, coatings, furniture, structures, mechanical woodworking, composites, veneer, glued wood, wood fibre and wood particle based materials, economics, forest product marketing, organisation
Evaluation (rules)
source: COBISS
Researchers (34)
no. Code Name and surname Research area Role Period No. of publications
1.  28502  PhD Franc Budija  Forestry, wood and paper technology  Junior researcher  2007 - 2008  37 
2.  17850  Peter Cunder    Technician  2004 - 2006  26 
3.  02937  PhD Katarina Čufar  Forestry, wood and paper technology  Researcher  2004 - 2008  936 
4.  05732  PhD Željko Gorišek  Forestry, wood and paper technology  Researcher  2004 - 2008  450 
5.  10340  PhD Dominika Gornik Bučar  Forestry, wood and paper technology  Researcher  2004 - 2008  228 
6.  23494  PhD Bojan Gospodarič  Forestry, wood and paper technology  Researcher  2004 - 2008  67 
7.  22609  PhD Jožica Gričar  Forestry, wood and paper technology  Researcher  2004 - 2006  502 
8.  08524  PhD Jasna Hrovatin  Architecture and Design  Researcher  2004 - 2008  1,014 
9.  19106  PhD Miha Humar  Forestry, wood and paper technology  Researcher  2004 - 2008  1,208 
10.  24295  PhD Matej Jošt  Forestry, wood and paper technology  Junior researcher  2006 - 2008  83 
11.  20385  PhD Manja Kitek Kuzman  Architecture and Design  Researcher  2008  473 
12.  17846  Borut Kričej    Technician  2004 - 2008  434 
13.  16198  PhD Jože Kropivšek  Forestry, wood and paper technology  Researcher  2004 - 2008  276 
14.  29636  Luka Krže    Technician  2007 - 2008  187 
15.  28503  PhD Boštjan Lesar  Forestry, wood and paper technology  Junior researcher  2007 - 2008  421 
16.  21333  PhD Igor Lipušček  Manufacturing technologies and systems  Researcher  2004 - 2007  40 
17.  15410  PhD Sergej Medved  Forestry, wood and paper technology  Researcher  2005 - 2008  354 
18.  13400  PhD Leon Oblak  Forestry, wood and paper technology  Researcher  2004 - 2008  447 
19.  11223  PhD Primož Oven  Forestry, wood and paper technology  Researcher  2004 - 2008  544 
20.  00395  PhD Marko Petrič  Forestry, wood and paper technology  Principal Researcher  2004 - 2008  871 
21.  05248  PhD Franc Pohleven  Forestry, wood and paper technology  Researcher  2004 - 2008  1,191 
22.  29428  PhD Peter Prislan  Forestry, wood and paper technology  Junior researcher  2008  307 
23.  17848  Janez Renko    Technician  2004 - 2008 
24.  06324  PhD Jože Resnik  Forestry, wood and paper technology  Researcher  2004 - 2005  310 
25.  16382  PhD Milan Šernek  Forestry, wood and paper technology  Researcher  2004 - 2008  551 
26.  17847  Anton Šolar    Technician  2004 - 2006  14 
27.  17849  Zdenka Šolar    Technician  2004 - 2008 
28.  19719  PhD Črtomir Tavzes  Forestry, wood and paper technology  Researcher  2004 - 2005  184 
29.  02037  PhD Vesna Tišler  Forestry, wood and paper technology  Researcher  2004 - 2008  379 
30.  22610  PhD Miro Tomažič  Forestry, wood and paper technology  Researcher  2004 - 2006  53 
31.  04978  PhD Mirko Tratnik  Forestry, wood and paper technology  Researcher  2004 - 2005  368 
32.  28018  Drago Vidic    Technician  2006 - 2008 
33.  26539  MSc Iztok Vidic  Forestry, wood and paper technology  Junior researcher  2006 - 2008  15 
34.  20457  Andreja Žagar    Technician  2004 - 2008  48 
Organisations (1)
no. Code Research organisation City Registration number No. of publications
1.  0481  University of Ljubljana, Biotechnical Faculty  Ljubljana  1626914  64,462 
Abstract
The research programme Wood Science and Technology, distinctive by its interdisciplinary character, considers the entire wood supply and production chain, from basic investigations of wood, through woodworking and wood processing technologies, wood structures and furniture, till research of environmental, economic, organisational and marketing aspects in the wood industry sector. The most important applicative goals of the programme are the development and introduction of new technologies and materials of a favourable environmental profile, to manufacture high added value wooden and wood based products. Within the field of wood science, the programme focuses on investigations of wood formation processes, wood anatomy, physics and mechanics, arboriculture and dendrochronology. We research also commercially less attractive wood species to broaden raw material potential for further processing and production of new chemicals from wood and bark. Wood pests, biology of wood degradation, development of ecologically acceptable and less harmful biocides and wood preservation methods, including wood modification, are studied as well. Further study topics are moisture distribution during wood drying, transition properties and internal stress. New wood based composites are within the focus of investigations of wood based materials and gluing. Surface finishing research attempts to result in introduction of new environmentally acceptable wood coatings and application and curing processes. We examine also wood structures and furniture production with respect to dimensional rationalization. The obtained results are evaluated from the economic and organisational point of view in order to enable knowledge transfer into a regular production. Therefore, profound investigations of wood sector production systems, taking into account economic, organisational, marketing and environmental aspect of production and utilisation of wooden and wood based products represent an important part of the programme Wood Science and Technology.
Significance for science
It is believed, that the obtained results within the frame of the research programme “Wood Science & Technology” are scientifically important and contributed to the development of this research field. The research field of wood science & technology is interdisciplinary; therefore, the research comprised biological, chemical, physical, mechanical and technological investigations of wood as well as organisational and economic studies in wood industries. New knowledge on mechanical properties of wood, its surface characteristics, dimensional stability, internal stress and density distribution, etc., was obtained or the existing knowledge importantly broadened. Knowledge on characteristics of currently commercially less important wood species significantly improves the raw material potentials for their processing and production of chemicals from wood tissue and bark. Production and design processes of wooden products were significantly improved through innovative furniture constructions, taking into account dimensional rationing. The main focus of surface coating studies were on the research and development of new sustainable wood finishes with improved environmental profiles, including application and drying / curing processes. The field of wood composites was marked also by adhesion studies and by the research of rheological and environmental properties of wood adhesives. The scientific basis for the development of environmentally friendly wood adhesives made of liquefied wood was created. We studied also wood pests, biology of wood degradation, and developed new, environmentally less harmful protective formulations and protection processes, including wood modification. The use of wood instead of non-renewable materials – which can be produced and processed only with extremely high energy consumption - is becoming increasingly important due to the global warming problem. Forests and wood are greenhouse effect gasses sink. Wood working and processing are low energy demanding activities with a very low or even negative CO2 production. The main goals of the research programme “Wood science & Technology” were therefore completely conformable to contemporary international environmental agreements and obligations (Kyoto protocole). The obtained results were assessed also from the economic/organisational point of view and with respect to potential transfer into production processes. Wood sector production systems were analysed by data analysis and decision making methods, regarding to economic, organisational, marketing and environmental aspects of production and applications of wooden products. It can be concluded that the main significance of all studies in the research group “Wood science & technology” and their results lie in the gained new knowledge and qualifications and skills for introduction of new, environmentally friendly woodworking and processing technologies and materials.
Significance for the country
The research achievements of the programme group “Wood Science & Technology” exhibit direct significance for economical and social development of Slovenia. Slovenia is, like Finland among the most forested European countries. This fact represents unique natural heritage that must remain preserved. Therefore, sensible utilisation of forests and forest based products is of a national importance and is enabled by application of contemporary environmentally friendly woodworking and processing technologies. Historical aspects of wood utilisation in Slovenia were investigated by dendrochronological studies. Wooden objects of cultural and historical heritage are of priceless value for Slovenia. So, they have to be preserved by up-todate environmentally friendly processes and protection formulations, which were also the part of the research group programme. Wood is practically the only raw material, Slovenia is rich with: around 60 % of Slovenian territory is covered by forests. They represent a sink for greenhouse effect causing gasses and wood is a natural and sustainable resource. Availability of this resource is still increasing and that is the reason for a high importance of woodworking and wood processing activities for the Slovenian economy – there are over 20.000 employees in wood sector in Slovenia, and this sector has an important share in the total Slovenian export. In order to retain competitiveness, intensive R&D inputs into wood sector are needed. Unfortunately, in the period soon after Slovenian independence there was a stagnation of research activities in Slovenian wood industries. Larger woodworking and processing plants transformed into several smaller companies without critical R&D capacities. As the only one academic and research institution in the field of wood science and technology in Slovenia, Biotechnical Faculty, Department of Wood Science & Technology, together with the research programme group, therefore had to assume key responsibility to promote and accelerate research activities in the wood sector. So, the results obtained by the research group “Wood Science & Technology” are of a high importance for economic development of Slovenia.
Most important scientific results Final report, complete report on dLib.si
Most important socioeconomically and culturally relevant results Final report, complete report on dLib.si
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