Projects / Programmes source: ARIS

Use of montana and carnauba wax water emulsions for protection of wood against wood decay fungi

Research activity

Code Science Field Subfield
4.01.00  Biotechnical sciences  Forestry, wood and paper technology   

Code Science Field
T150  Technological sciences  Material technology 
wood, wood preservation, montana wax, carnauba wax, wood decay fungi
Evaluation (rules)
source: COBISS
Researchers (13)
no. Code Name and surname Research area Role Period No. of publicationsNo. of publications
1.  28502  PhD Franc Budija  Forestry, wood and paper technology  Researcher  2008 - 2011  37 
2.  19106  PhD Miha Humar  Forestry, wood and paper technology  Head  2008 - 2011  1,336 
3.  29227  PhD Mirko Kariž  Forestry, wood and paper technology  Researcher  2008 - 2011  171 
4.  17846  Borut Kričej    Technical associate  2008 - 2011  434 
5.  28503  PhD Boštjan Lesar  Forestry, wood and paper technology  Junior researcher  2008 - 2011  491 
6.  20386  PhD Matjaž Pavlič  Forestry, wood and paper technology  Researcher  2008 - 2011  492 
7.  00395  PhD Marko Petrič  Forestry, wood and paper technology  Researcher  2008 - 2011  881 
8.  05248  PhD Franc Pohleven  Forestry, wood and paper technology  Researcher  2008 - 2011  1,196 
9.  20964  Gregor Rep  Forestry, wood and paper technology  Researcher  2008 - 2011  63 
10.  16382  PhD Milan Šernek  Forestry, wood and paper technology  Researcher  2008 - 2011  574 
11.  31256  Maja Vaukner Gabrič  Forestry, wood and paper technology  Technical associate  2009 - 2011  14 
12.  20457  Andreja Žagar    Technical associate  2008 - 2011  62 
13.  21137  Daniel Žlindra  Forestry, wood and paper technology  Researcher  2008 - 2011  170 
Organisations (2)
no. Code Research organisation City Registration number No. of publicationsNo. of publications
1.  0404  Slovenian Forestry Institute  Ljubljana  5051673000  12,055 
2.  0481  University of Ljubljana, Biotechnical Faculty  Ljubljana  1626914  66,743 
Most of the European wood species does not have durable wood, therefore we have to impregnate if we want to use wood in outdoors applications. Relatively toxic compounds were utilised for such purposes in the past. Nowadays, we are interested in development of preservative solutions with the lowest possible negative environmental impact. One of the possibilities is use of montana and carnauba wax emulsions. Those waxes are the most stable natural waxes that form relatively thin film. We believe, that this film formed on the surface of the wood will prevent wetting, while film formed in the cell lumina will prevent the enzymes to penetrate into cell wall. The purpose of this project is to elucidate described theories and to prepare preservative solution, which will prevent fungal decay of wood.
Significance for science
- Studying of the interactions between wood and chemicals used broaden knowledge of the chemistry of preservative solutions and wood, as well as their interactions. - Investigation of the sorption properties of wood treated with various hydrophobic treatments improved understanding of the sorption properties that in certain cases are essential for understanding durability issues. - Studies of various biocidal and non-biocidal solutions improved understanding of biotica and abiotic degradation patterns. - Field test results were compared to laboratory ones, enabling us improvement and the reliability of laboratory procedures. - The performed project broaden knowledge in the field of wood, which is the basis for future research activities in this field. - All findings (relevant) were published in international publications. In parallel, the most important data were presented to the Slovenian public in the Slovenian language to improve and develop terminology and the scientific language. - Research in the framework of this project strengthen scientific international and national collaboration in the field of wood pests and wood preservation - Several students finished their BSC and MSC thesis on the topic of this project. - One PhD thesis were prepared and defended within the framework of this project. A young researcher was developed into top-tier scientists and professionals on the international level.
Significance for the country
- Wood stores carbon dioxide through its entire life. However, machining of wood is considerably less energetically demanding than machining competing materials (concrete, plastics, steel, aluminum…). Considering the substitution effect, using 1 m3 of wood prevents 2t of CO2 emission. With increased use of wood for construction applications, Slovenia could satisfy all the commitments of the Kyoto protocol. -Wood is the only natural and renewable material source in Slovenia. However, only 2/3 of the annual increment his arvested annually. Considerable amounts of wood therefore remain in the forests and disintegrate. It is thus of national importance to make better use of our wealth - wood. - A considerable percentage of the Slovenian national heritage is made of wood (wooden construction, sculptures, tools Etc.). This heritage is constantly threatened by wood decay fungi. The knowledge gained helped us to keep this heritage for our children. - Wood is an important source for infrastructure, too (poles, railway ties, bridges, noise barriers, fences Etc.). This infrastructure requires reliable protection. The collected data enable us to decide for proper preservative treatment. More reliable infrastructure will also enable more reliable electricity supply. - In addition, there are two research-education institutions involved in this project. All relevant knowledge gained was therefore transferred to students through lectures, practicals, diploma tasks and projects. - The development of analytical methods and the accumulation of knowledge in the production, characterization and manipulation of wood treated with various solutions in the proposed project enabled us to be in touch with the world’s scientific community – active participation, in wood science, as well as in the fields in which the other researchers of the project consortium are active. This project on the one side enabled us that, the popular image of wood science and technology was shifted from a field characteristic of the utilization of low-tech technologies to high-tech activity that generates high added value.
Most important scientific results Annual report 2008, 2009, final report, complete report on dLib.si
Most important socioeconomically and culturally relevant results Annual report 2008, 2009, final report, complete report on dLib.si
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