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Projects / Programmes source: ARIS

Sorption properties of fibres and the chemistry of alternative environment friendly finishing

Research activity

Code Science Field Subfield
2.14.01  Engineering sciences and technologies  Textile and leather  Textile and technical fibres 

Code Science Field
T470  Technological sciences  Textiles technology 
Keywords
New fibres, supramolecular structure of fibres, fibre modification and sorption properties, dyestuff diffusion, structural changes of PES in supercritical CO2, environment-friendly stabilisers, alternative environment-friendly thickeners in printing with reactive dyes, dyestuff-surfactant interactions, decoloration of waste water, expert systems, knowledge base in electronic learning environment.
Evaluation (rules)
source: COBISS
Researchers (15)
no. Code Name and surname Research area Role Period No. of publicationsNo. of publications
1.  17577  PhD Aleš Doliška  Materials science and technology  Researcher  1998 - 1999  175 
2.  09824  PhD Darko Golob  Textile and leather  Researcher  1997 - 1999  174 
3.  02070  PhD Vera Golob  Textile and leather  Researcher  1997 - 1999  336 
4.  10455  MSc Liljana Kocbek  Textile and leather  Researcher  1997 - 1999  61 
5.  04629  PhD Tatjana Kreže  Textile and leather  Researcher  1997 - 1999  278 
6.  15123  PhD Jelka Kurnik  Textile and leather  Researcher  1997 - 1999  64 
7.  02223  PhD Alenka Majcen Le Marechal  Chemistry  Researcher  1997 - 1999  626 
8.  05537  PhD Branko Neral  Textile and leather  Researcher  1997 - 1999  326 
9.  04171  PhD Majda Sfiligoj Smole  Textile and leather  Researcher  1997 - 1999  433 
10.  08393  PhD Barbara Simončič  Textile and leather  Researcher  1999  495 
11.  07814  PhD Karin Stana Kleinschek  Textile and leather  Researcher  1997 - 1999  1,116 
12.  10575  PhD Simona Strnad  Textile and leather  Researcher  1997 - 1999  370 
13.  16201  PhD Bojana Zalar  Mathematics  Researcher  1997 - 1999  16 
14.  17582  Danijel Zimšek    Researcher  1997 - 1999  63 
15.  17583  Vida Žižek    Researcher  1997 - 1999  46 
Organisations (2)
no. Code Research organisation City Registration number No. of publicationsNo. of publications
1.  0795  University ob Maribor, Faculty of mechanical engineering  Maribor  5089638010  23,913 
2.  1555  University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Natural Sciences and Engeneering  Ljubljana  1627074  19,855 
Abstract
Textile finishing of natural and synthetic polymers includes various physical and chemical processes like pretreatment, bleaching, dyeing, printing and chemical finishing. Water is the principal medium used as a solvent for chemicals, bleaching agents, dyes, textile auxilliaries and chemical finishing agents. Textile finishing is harmful to the environment because it involves many chemicals and causes heavy waste water pollution. The resulting harmful effects on the environment are reduced by the substitution of materials, by a thorough knowledge of interactions between the fibre, the dye and finishing agents, and by optimizing the finishing process, i.e. by rationalizing the consumption of water, energy and materials. A thorough knowledge of sorption properties, which depend of the structure of the fibre on finishing agents and on process conditions, offers the basis for an optimal, rational and environment-friendly production process. New fibres, new or alternative materials and new rational porcesses require to study the interactions in new conditions. Textile processing with environment-friendly materials accompanied by reduced water and energy consumption and pollution abatment are the typical trends in textile finishing. New experts with new knowledge and awareness, new methods of learning and new computer technology are the conditions enabling a successful solution of textile finishing problems. Equally important is the streaming of interactions which underlay the sorption properties of fibres and the environment-friendliness and non-toxicity of the product.
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