Loading...
Projects / Programmes source: ARIS

Possibilites of Labour Market Desegmentation

Research activity

Code Science Field Subfield
5.03.00  Social sciences  Sociology   

Code Science Field
S210  Social sciences  Sociology 

Code Science Field
5.04  Social Sciences  Sociology 
Keywords
labour market, segmentation, social exclusion, social security, employment policy
Evaluation (rules)
source: COBISS
Researchers (10)
no. Code Name and surname Research area Role Period No. of publicationsNo. of publications
1.  15334  PhD Marija Breznik Močnik  Culturology  Researcher  2015 - 2016  256 
2.  24767  MSc Mojca Frelih  Social sciences  Researcher  2013 - 2016  185 
3.  18890  Judita Goričar    Technical associate  2014 - 2016 
4.  18944  PhD Majda Hrženjak  Anthropology  Researcher  2013 - 2016  373 
5.  12670  PhD Miroljub Ignjatović  Sociology  Researcher  2013 - 2016  316 
6.  07712  PhD Anton Kramberger  Sociology  Researcher  2013 - 2016  419 
7.  35107  Mateja Melink  Sociology  Researcher  2013 - 2014 
8.  24382  PhD Samo Pavlin  Sociology  Researcher  2013 - 2016  217 
9.  06829  PhD Miroslav Stanojević  Sociology  Head  2014 - 2016  336 
10.  04244  PhD Ivan Svetlik  Sociology  Researcher  2013  858 
Organisations (2)
no. Code Research organisation City Registration number No. of publicationsNo. of publications
1.  0366  Peace Institute  Ljubljana  5498295000  3,619 
2.  0582  University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Social Sciences  Ljubljana  1626957  40,033 
Abstract
The “Possibilities for labour market desegmentation” project addresses one of the most difficult developmental problems in Slovenia. Labour market segmentation is making the labour market highly rigid and also affecting the unequal status of the different social groups in it. The result is the more difficult adjustment of the economy to the changing market conditions, along with the uneven distribution of the burden of the crisis and of the unemployment among different categories of the active population exposed to both social exclusion and reduced social security. The project aims to examine the extent of labour market segmentation, the rigidity of the labour market, as well as the related social exclusion and social security. We will examine to what extent the current financial and economic crisis has contributed to this situation and to what extent employment, education, social and fiscal policies and appropriate institutional arrangements of these areas have contributed via their own measures to reducing or increasing labour market segmentation. Special attention will be paid to finding alternative solutions or actions that would reduce the labour market’s segmentation, increase its flexibility and at the same time contribute to increasing social inclusion and social security. The project will encompass a conceptual analysis, an analysis of relevant databases, a policy analysis, an analysis of evaluations and institutional documents, an analysis of the social partners’ and policy makers’ standpoints as well as a case study. It focuses on the period of the current crisis and the situation in Slovenia compared with selected EU countries.
Significance for science
The conceptual framework of the research is based on a combination of the theory of labour market segmentation, that is, the theory of dual labour market or division into the primary and secondary labour market (Edwards, Reich and Gordon, 1975), the conceptual delimitation between the internal (intra-organisational) and the external labour market (Doeringer and Piore, 1971) and the French regulationist theory (Boyer, 2014). In line with this conceptual basis, the research focused on inter-sector differences or the split between the segment in which various forms of non-standard, poorly paid and precarious employment are concentrated (secondary external labour market) and segments in which more stable, as a rule standard employment relations predominate. We found that precarious forms of employment are rapidly concentrating in the market services sector. Within the industry sector, there are recognisable characteristics of regimes of polyvalent stability and the corresponding phenomena of employment regime segmentation or dualisation. In the organisations of this sector, the core of the permanently employed (internal primary labour market) are those with non-transferable knowledge. Company unionism is based on a strong bargaining power of the employees in the organisations of this sector. Primarily due to the high functional flexibility of polyvalent workers, the numerical flexibility of organisations in this sector is less intensive compared to the numerical flexibility of organisations in the market services sector. The key form of ensuring numerical flexibility of organisations (functional substitute of the dismissal/employment of ‘regularly’ employed persons) in this sector is fixed-term employment.
Significance for the country
Our key finding is that the pressure of international competition and international institutions that the small open economy is exposed to is the key factor of labour market segmentation in Slovenia. This is why the effect of public policies centred on limiting labour market segmentation is limited, but not insignificant. In the context of this basic finding, we also analysed the effects of the 2013 labour market reform. We found that the effect of this reform was contradictory (to say the least). The new regulation curbed some forms of precarisation, while less regulated forms (bogus self-employment) began to expand even more. In addition, the 2013 legislation liberalised dismissal, that is, it increased the possibility of the (external) flexibility of organisations. Since the 2013 legislation introduced the possibility of a greater numerical flexibility of organisations, it stimulated two processes. Firstly, it stimulated the trend of the flexibilisation and precarisation of employment in the market services sector. Secondly, the liberalisation of (the regime of) dismissal stimulated a sort of a ‘democratisation’ of employment precarity. In Slovenia, large groups of employed persons that are formally in a standard employment relation are poorly paid and are, according to this key income criterion, in a precarious position. With the liberalisation of the dismissal regime, these groups are becoming quite similar to the basic group of precarious workers.
Most important scientific results Annual report 2013, 2014, 2015, final report
Most important socioeconomically and culturally relevant results Annual report 2013, 2014, 2015, final report
Views history
Favourite