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Projects / Programmes source: ARIS

Security and safety in local communities

Periods
January 1, 2015 - December 31, 2018
Research activity

Code Science Field Subfield
5.07.00  Social sciences  Criminology and social work   
5.04.00  Social sciences  Administrative and organisational sciences   

Code Science Field
S160  Social sciences  Criminology 

Code Science Field
5.04  Social Sciences  Sociology 
Keywords
safety, security, crime, public disorder, crime prevention, provision of security, local community
Evaluation (rules)
source: COBISS
Researchers (14)
no. Code Name and surname Research area Role Period No. of publicationsNo. of publications
1.  22805  MSc Branko Ažman  Linguistics  Technical associate  2015  58 
2.  16312  PhD Igor Bernik  Administrative and organisational sciences  Researcher  2015 - 2018  658 
3.  26054  PhD Aleš Bučar Ručman  Sociology  Researcher  2015 - 2018  370 
4.  30934  PhD Katja Eman  Criminology and social work  Researcher  2015 - 2018  621 
5.  20512  PhD Benjamin Flander  Law  Researcher  2015 - 2018  328 
6.  37531  PhD Rok Hacin  Criminology and social work  Researcher  2015 - 2018  221 
7.  17048  PhD Branko Lobnikar  Administrative and organisational sciences  Researcher  2015 - 2018  1,232 
8.  14289  PhD Gorazd Meško  Criminology and social work  Head  2015 - 2018  1,844 
9.  33280  PhD Maja Modic  Criminology and social work  Researcher  2015 - 2018  260 
10.  39239  Urška Pirnat  Criminology and social work  Junior researcher  2016 - 2018  45 
11.  38302  PhD Kaja Prislan Mihelič  Administrative and organisational sciences  Researcher  2016 - 2018  275 
12.  17049  PhD Andrej Sotlar  Political science  Researcher  2015 - 2018  596 
13.  14566  PhD Bojan Tičar  Law  Researcher  2015 - 2018  300 
14.  26240  Bernardka Tominc  Political science  Technical associate  2015 - 2018  162 
Organisations (1)
no. Code Research organisation City Registration number No. of publicationsNo. of publications
1.  2131  University of Maribor Faculty of Criminal Justice  Ljubljana  5089638047  9,186 
Abstract
In Slovenia, an integrated research on local-level safety/security has yet not been conducted. Starting from practice and the research made on the topic of safety/security of European cities, we find that in city areas, particularly in urban environments, there appear to be more security-related issues than in other municipalities. The dynamics of urban life is more intense where crime and other deviant behaviours are no exception, that is, where they appear regularly. Therefore, in this project, the extent and the nature of crime and public disorder in Slovenian cities will be thoroughly examined, and a victimisation study including the study of fear of crime and subjective perception of deviant behaviours will be carried out. We will also investigate the possibility of crime- and public disorder prevention in urban and other environments. Furthermore, (a) social competences of social control supervisors (municipalities, police, and municipal wardens); (b) institutional capacity and cooperation of social subjects in responding to law violations, and (c) the operation of municipal safety/security councils in terms of democratization of social control will be studied. Our research efforts will also focus on determining the extent and the nature of safety/security issues and the existing social-control practices, as well as on the search for solutions in terms of social and situational measures for prevention and management of law violations, with a view of providing the highest possible quality of life of city residents. The framework topics to be addressed in the research are: EU guidelines on safety/security in cities (European Urban Charter, recommendations of the Council of Europe and other organizations); examples of foreign/international good practices (prevention, awareness-raising programs) and their application to the Slovenian social environment; metropolitan demography; migration; crime, public disorder, geographic distribution of deviance and fear of crime (feelings of insecurities and threats in citizens); functioning of the police at a local level and of other plural policing entities; the legal framework for organising safety/security provision on local levels; relationships between government levels (state vs. local); the involvement of civil society and the private sector in providing safety/security; and last but not least, the work done with the marginalized social groups. Due to the ever changing dynamics of city life and the fact that people have spread some of their activities to the cyberspace, adequate research focus will be directed on information security of city residents. The research work will include a literature review as well as qualitative and quantitative research to serve as the grounds for elaborating the proposals for more effective provision of safety/security in local communities in Slovenia.
Significance for science
Based on the local community safety/security analyses, we shall suggest more appropriate solutions and legislative or other measures for successful functioning of the policing entities that insure citizens' safety/security on the local level, and also set forth a suitable model aimed at developing resilience of local communities to various forms of safety/security threats. This is the first comprehensive approach to studying institutions in the field of comprehensive safety/security provision in local communities. The anticipated results represent an important starting point for changes in and expansion of the scope of safety/security policies (with possible amendments and changes to laws and implementing regulations). The research will help identify opportunities to use modern technologies, which is an innovative approach to addressing the subject matter pursuant to the priority EU guidelines adopted for research and provision of safety/security of all citizens according to equal opportunity principles. The program is very significant in as much it redirects researchers’ attention from theorizing to practical application of scientific knowledge. It indicates new possibilities for improving the current situation and, as such, substantially contributes to the development of new approaches and methods in Slovenian criminology and criminal justice and security studies. Providing safety/security in local communities is an extremely important step for Slovenia, for it can serve as a model of good practice to other small countries. Given the originality of the research topic at hand, we plan numerous publications in national and international magazines and a scientific monography.
Significance for the country
The findings of the proposed research will bear significant impact on both the use and the development of crime prevention methods. Based on the analyses and the research conducted, the researchers will prepare a platform for an effective response to combat crime and to face criminality issues, aimed at preventing the damage thereof. The results will help us establish common ground for successful cooperation between institutions at local, national, as well as international/European levels. Crime and public disorder represent sources of threat to individuals and communities, increasing operation costs to formal social control institutions; therefore, these analyses will be an important input to the discussions on the socio-economic development of Slovenia. The proposed preventive models are to include both social preventive measures and situational prevention, as well as other forms of formal social control (plural policing) applicable to both real and virtual environments. It goes without saying that interdependence of plural policing institutions in Slovenia should be emphasized, their optimal and efficient systemic connectedness determined, the conditions for their transparent and legitimate functioning provided, and accountability procedures in the analyzed area defined. The proposed solutions and the proper institutional functioning they are to bring about are expected to make a significant socio-economic impact on the performance of Slovenian organizations and their ability to hold and maintain their positions while, consequently, developing their competitive advantages for a successful long-term presence in the global environment. The research findings will contribute to Slovenian society being less punitive/controlling (police and criminal justice), favouring solutions to be found within the framework of social justice, risk reduction, and restorative justice. Among other, the project follows the idea of global understanding of safety/security issues in Slovenian local communities and identifying thereto-related local solutions.
Most important scientific results Annual report 2015, 2016, 2017, final report
Most important socioeconomically and culturally relevant results Annual report 2015, 2016, 2017, final report
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