Projects / Programmes source: ARIS

Solution pipes as a novel palaeoclimate proxy

Research activity

Code Science Field Subfield
6.12.00  Humanities  Geography   

Code Science Field
5.07  Social Sciences  Social and economic geography 
Focused flow, reactive flow, dissolution, solution pipe, paleoenvironment, paleoclimate, karst, numerical modelling, fluid dynamics, porous media, geomorphology, physical geography
Evaluation (rules)
source: COBISS
Data for the last 5 years (citations for the last 10 years) on November 29, 2023; A3 for period 2017-2021
Data for ARIS tenders ( 04.04.2019 – Programme tender, archive )
Database Linked records Citations Pure citations Average pure citations
WoS  173  1,751  1,379  7.97 
Scopus  283  2,737  2,044  7.22 
Researchers (9)
no. Code Name and surname Research area Role Period No. of publicationsNo. of publications
1.  30791  PhD Rok Ciglič  Geography  Researcher  2022 - 2023  411 
2.  33273  PhD Mateja Ferk  Geography  Researcher  2021 - 2023  179 
3.  13179  PhD Mauro Hrvatin  Humanities  Researcher  2021 - 2023  363 
4.  21464  PhD Blaž Komac  Geography  Researcher  2021 - 2023  627 
5.  50215  PhD Matej Lipar  Geography  Head  2021 - 2023  146 
6.  23971  PhD Tomislav Popit  Geology  Researcher  2021 - 2023  196 
7.  20249  PhD Andrej Šmuc  Geology  Researcher  2021 - 2023  403 
8.  38267  PhD Jure Tičar  Geography  Researcher  2022 - 2023  217 
9.  22245  PhD Matija Zorn  Geography  Researcher  2021 - 2023  1,220 
Organisations (2)
no. Code Research organisation City Registration number No. of publicationsNo. of publications
1.  0618  Research Centre of the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts  Ljubljana  5105498000  61,857 
2.  1555  University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Natural Sciences and Engeneering  Ljubljana  1627074  19,920 
The climate of our planet is constantly evolving. Understanding the dynamics of these changes is important not only for reconstruction of the climatic conditions of past epochs but also for better prediction of climatic changed in near future. The latter becomes increasingly important due to the dramatic acceleration of climate changes in recent years. In our project, we propose to use surface karst structures called solution pipes as paleoclimate proxies. Solution pipes are vertical or nearly vertical, paraboloidal or cylindrical forms, found in many karst areas of porous carbonate rocks with matrix porosity around the world. They are formed as a result of focused water flow into the rock matrix. The focusing of the flow is followed by enhanced dissolution, which transforms initial inhomogeneities into mature pipes. This opens up a possibility of linking the morphology of the pipes with geology and hydrology of the system at the moment of their formation and – most importantly - with past climatic conditions. The aim of the proposed project is to define focused water flow in carbonates with matrix porosity as a novel palaeoenvironmental proxy by constructing a combined geo-numerical model of solution pipe formation. The shapes, lengths and spatial distribution of the pipes are the functions of physical conditions in which they were formed. The two most important factors here are the flow rate of water and temperature. This means, however, that by analysis of the shapes of the pipes we can infer the climatic conditions prevailing during their formation. The establishment of such a relationship is the goal of the present project. This task requires close collaboration between the geomorphologists (Slovenian team) and physicists (Polish team). The geoscientists will carry out the field studies of solution pipes, which will be the basis for experimental and numerical modeling and paleoclimate reconstruction. The physicists, on the other hand, will use numerical models and laboratory-scale experiments to determine the link between the environmental conditions and morphological features of the pipes which form under such conditions. The conclusions of these studies will be verified by comparison with the results of other paleoclimate reconstruction techniques, e.g., stable carbon and oxygen isotopes from stalagmites, geological sedimentary drills and advances and retreats of glaciers. A particularly important role in our research plan will be played by the laboratory experiments, the goal of which is the direct observation of formation and growth of solution pipes in the laboratory conditions. The experiments will allow us to test the theoretical models of solution pipe formation, they will also serve as benchmarks to validate numerical simulations.
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