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Projects / Programmes source: ARIS

Violent intersections: dynamics of societal and political elements of collective violence and mass crimes and their consequences – Yugoslav and Rwandan case

Research activity

Code Science Field Subfield
5.06.00  Social sciences  Political science   

Code Science Field
S170  Social sciences  Political and administrative sciences 
Keywords
violence, interpersonal and collective, conflict, former Yugoslavia, Rwanda, gender, ethnicity/race, religion, intersections
Evaluation (rules)
source: COBISS
Researchers (8)
no. Code Name and surname Research area Role Period No. of publicationsNo. of publications
1.  26573  PhD Jasminka Dedić  Political science  Researcher  2008 - 2009  22 
2.  29609  PhD Ana Frank  Anthropology  Junior researcher  2008 - 2011  54 
3.  03706  PhD Vlasta Jalušič  Political science  Head  2008 - 2011  395 
4.  21584  PhD Roman Kuhar  Culturology  Researcher  2008 - 2009  806 
5.  32090  PhD Jovana Mihajlović Trbovc  Culturology  Junior researcher  2010 - 2011  157 
6.  18625  PhD Aldo Milohnić  Culturology  Researcher  2010 - 2011  529 
7.  21687  PhD Mojca Pajnik  Political science  Researcher  2008  619 
8.  20544  Irena Salmič    Technical associate  2008 - 2011 
Organisations (1)
no. Code Research organisation City Registration number No. of publicationsNo. of publications
1.  0366  Peace Institute  Ljubljana  5498295000  3,619 
Abstract
The project aims at a deeper understanding of conflict escalation in the transitional periods, how they eventually cumulate in massive violent events and what consequences do these events and their legitimization have for the post conflict social and political cohesion, forms of citizenship and political responsibility. It is focusing on the massive collective violent conflicts accompanied by mass atrocities, their preparation and acting out, and the post-conflict de-escalation periods in comparative analysis of cases such as former Yugoslavia and Rwanda. It particularly aims at integrating knowledge about the continuity between collective conflict (collective violence) and interpersonal violence, by putting forward an intersectional approach (considering dimensions of gender, race/ethnicity and religion) in order to develop an innovative interpretative framework of understanding the dynamics of different levels of conflict and their consequences for the post-conflict situation. Along this, it pays a special attention to the ways of coming to terms with the past massive collective crime, the ways of their memorialisation, the issues of collective guilt and responsibility, and their framing of the present and the future societal and political clashes.
Significance for science
The results of the project enhance inovative research process by explaining the relationship between interpersonal and collective violence through the focus on intersections between gender, ethnicity/race and religion. The existing case studies of former Yugoslavia and Rwanda draw above all general conclusions in this field, or focus on one sole aspect of collective crime and violence (for example sexual violence). The results – especially the comparative perspective of two continent's regions – strengthen the scientific basis for sustainable politics of conflict resolution and for improving social cohesion, political stability and personal security. This includes strategies of combating gender based and ethnically-religious violence, and strategies of coming to terms with these processes. The results contribute to the development of the studies of genocide, conflict prevention and gender studies. They also offer a broader theoretical and methodological frame for the future international research cooperation – the research group has also prepared a bigger comparative project on the issue of human rights perception ouside European Union together with the Rwandan partner and a German university as the project coordinator.
Significance for the country
From the perspective of the state of Slovenia the results improve the knowledge and understanding of conflict processes and processes of collective violence, which can have influence on the better informed and effective policy solutions and decisions at the national, regional, and global level. By linking research to dissemination activities throughout the project, the research results can benefit the work of the domestic civil society organizations that seek to address, mediate and overcome conflict and violence, as well as it will help to build the knowledge base for more context-sensitive and effective interventions from the outside both in the Slovenia and in EU. By addressing the development regions, especially Africa, the results rethink the foundations for accomplishment of the goals of the Slovenian international development cooperation while these goals have become important EU and Slovenian foreign policy incentives and require informed policy guidelines within the state management structures. By addressing the area of former Yugoslavia, including Slovenia, and a non-European country as case studies in comparison, the research not only broadens the knowledge basis for both the foreign policy and also for the economy but offers an assessment of the prospects for future stability both in the neighbouring countries as well as in one of the developing countries. By adressing the issues of coming to terms with the past the project also assists the rethinking of strategies for the state and civil society reconciliation policies.
Most important scientific results Annual report 2008, 2009, final report, complete report on dLib.si
Most important socioeconomically and culturally relevant results Annual report 2008, 2009, final report, complete report on dLib.si
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