Projects / Programmes source: ARRS

Conceptually-Political and Cultural Pluralism and Monism in 20th Century Slovenia

Research activity

Code Science Field Subfield
6.01.00  Humanities  Historiography   

Code Science Field
H250  Humanities  Contemporary history (since 1914) 

Code Science Field
6.01  Humanities  History and Archaeology 
Keywords: political parties, Catholics, liberals and Marxists, world view, state, parliament, governments, political association, political culture, occupation, resistance, collaboration, international integrations, Austro‑Hungary, Yugoslavia, European Union
Evaluation (rules)
source: COBISS
Researchers (17)
no. Code Name and surname Research area Role Period No. of publications
1.  06406  PhD Zdenko Čepič  Historiography    2015 - 2021  437 
2.  24282  PhD Filip Čuček  Historiography  Researcher  2016 - 2021  170 
3.  08410  PhD Vida Deželak-Barič  Historiography    2015 - 2021  263 
4.  00840  PhD Aleš Gabrič  Historiography  Researcher  2015 - 2021  830 
5.  22284  PhD Jure Gašparič  Historiography  Researcher  2015 - 2021  318 
6.  08394  PhD Bojan Godeša  Historiography  Researcher  2015 - 2021  447 
7.  55590  Isidora Grubački  Historiography  Technician  2021  30 
8.  09653  PhD Damijan Guštin  Historiography  Researcher  2015 - 2021  646 
9.  29512  PhD Jurij Hadalin  Historiography  Researcher  2016 - 2021  104 
10.  51920  PhD Tjaša Konovšek  Historiography  Junior researcher  2018 - 2021  41 
11.  39429  Marko Kupljen    Technician  2016 - 2020 
12.  38129  PhD Maja Lukanc  Historiography  Researcher  2015 - 2021  58 
13.  16350  PhD Andrej Pančur  Historiography  Researcher  2021  242 
14.  08411  PhD Jurij Perovšek  Historiography  Researcher  2015 - 2021  826 
15.  54735  Blaž Štangelj  Historiography  Junior researcher  2020 - 2021  68 
16.  17105  MSc Tadeja Tominšek Čehulić  Historiography  Technician  2016  67 
17.  21670  PhD Marko Zajc  Historiography  Principal Researcher  2015 - 2021  335 
Organisations (1)
no. Code Research organisation City Registration number No. of publications
1.  0501  Institute for Contemporary History  Ljubljana  5057116000  6,035 
To date the research of the ideological, political and cultural history of Slovenians since the second half of the 19th to the beginning of the 21st century has focused on the most characteristic developmental processes, which defined the aforementioned areas of the Slovenian national history. The research has been carried out in the context of the historical substantiation of the process of the ideological‑political stratification in the Slovenian national movement in the second half of the 19th century; in the context of analysing the key periods and turning points, where the question of the ideological‑political and cultural pluralism and monism in the 20th century was most emphasised in Slovenia; and in the context of analysing the complexity of the issue of democracy and democratic values in the Slovenian historical experience since the 19th century until the accession of the Republic of Slovenia to the European Union in 2004. The Slovenian historiography has not yet focused on the aforementioned issues from the viewpoint of the goal‑oriented research of the political institutions and party subjects in the individual historical periods. Therefore, simultaneously with the history of the state institutions the history of modern political parties since their formation in the end of the 19th century should also be analysed.  For the period of World War II, this history will be analysed according to the division of the Slovenian space to the Catholic, liberal and Marxist ideological‑political side, traditional at the time. The main party representatives of these sides in the Austrian period and during the Kingdom of SHS/Yugoslavia will be analysed. The period of occupation (1941–1945) will be explored in view of the development of the Catholic and liberal politics as well as the Communist Party of Slovenia and their mutual interaction in the relation to the basic questions of that time (collaboration, resistance, revolution). The time after World War II will be explored from the viewpoint of the political system of the party monism, characterising the social and political life of Slovenians in the second Yugoslav community. On these foundations the programme will focus on studying the development of the Communist Party of Slovenia or the League of Communists of Slovenia in the European comparative perspective (especially in comparison with the Eastern European communist parties). As of the appearance of new subjects in the end of the 1980s, which represented an opposition to the League of Communists of Slovenia, the programme will also focus on these subjects and on their subsequent coalition, Demos (Democratic Opposition of Slovenia). In the medium‑term period, the time after the establishment of the independent Republic of Slovenia until its accession to the EU will be analysed by focusing on the development of the most important contemporary political subjects and their integration into the Slovenian political system as well as the international political relations.
Significance for science
The comprehensive analysis of the ideological- and cultural-political dynamics in the Slovenian contemporary history calls for a detailed study of the social, political and ideological subjects, propagators of the organised political life in Slovenia. These subjects, organised as political parties, were the most active in expressing the elements of the Slovenian social will, the quality of its historical maturity, and the understanding of the times. In this context a range of key factors came together: character, power and activity of individual political parties, their structural characteristics, and the questions they encountered (or opened) during their development. In the modern times political parties had a decisive influence on the relationship between individuals and community as well as on their ideological, political and cultural co-dependence. A special exploration of the history of the political parties and their activities in the context of the state institutions, which is still an evident deficiency of the today's Slovenian historiography, is thus required in order to understand and therefore evaluate the past (and current) development. This gap should be filled, and in this way a new qualitative level in the development of the Slovenian historiography should be reached. These goals will result in a significant upgrade of the previous knowledge of the ideological-political and cultural development in Slovenia since the end of the 19th century (with the remark that the other European nations have already written the history of their political-party life many years ago). This will allow for further in-depth and wider understanding of the various Slovenian historical positions and open new dimensions in the development of the Slovenian historical science. The realisation of the proposed programme will specifically contribute to the development of the science due to the assurance that the research results will be published promptly. As it is, in the context of its publication activities the Institute of Contemporary History has been publishing scientific monographs by the individual or several authors as well as a scientific publication for a number of years. The Institute will also keep pursuing its publication activities in the future, thus extending its scientific realisations and opening new fields of scientific research. In this way the results of the proposed research programme will be widely accessible. At the same time the older scientific contributions, monographs and printed historical sources are also widely accessible at the SIstory web portal, moderated by the Institute. They will be promptly supplemented with the materials included in the scientific exploration during the realisation of the proposed research programme (party programmes, statistical information, Official Gazette, session minutes of the executive and legislative bodies, etc.).
Significance for the country
The national historical experience is one of the key elements defining the awareness of the adherence to a certain national community.  Although national history encompasses various important fields, its political aspect still plays a prominent role. Since political parties are the basic driving force of the modern democratic parliamentary political life, their historical development and its effects are deeply ingrained in the nation's cultural-identity essence. Namely, because of their power and actions individual parties can have a decisive influence on the nation's world view, ideological, political, cultural and social value system, defining the character of its internal political relations and the quality of its historical development. The knowledge of the Slovenian political party history and history of state institutions in Slovenia, defined systematically and in comparison with the international space, therefore contributes to the comprehensive understanding of the Slovenian cultural-identity situation as well as its substantive dimensions today as well as in the past.
Most important scientific results Annual report 2015, interim report
Most important socioeconomically and culturally relevant results Annual report 2015, interim report
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