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Projects / Programmes source: ARIS

Bio-psycho-social quality of life model

Periods
Research activity

Code Science Field Subfield
3.08.00  Medical sciences  Public health (occupational safety)   
7.01.00  Interdisciplinary research  NCKS Research programme   
4.03.00  Biotechnical sciences  Plant production   
1.03.00  Natural sciences and mathematics  Biology   

Code Science Field
B680  Biomedical sciences  Public health, epidemiology 
Keywords
quality of life, nutrition, environment, communication, lifelong learning, personal growth, rehabilitation and recreation, care for persons with dementia and elderly people, children and adults with cronicle disease
Evaluation (rules)
source: COBISS
Researchers (24)
no. Code Name and surname Research area Role Period No. of publicationsNo. of publications
1.  25634  PhD Helena Blažun Vošner  Public health (occupational safety)  Technical associate  2005 - 2008  272 
2.  06996  PhD Silva Burja  Neurobiology  Researcher  2004 - 2008  161 
3.  19125  PhD Jernej Dolinšek  Metabolic and hormonal disorders  Researcher  2006 - 2008  599 
4.  03457  PhD Borut Gorišek  Oncology  Researcher  2004 - 2008  254 
5.  28427  PhD Simon Kocbek  Interdisciplinary research  Junior researcher  2007 - 2008  42 
6.  03782  PhD Peter Kokol  Computer science and informatics  Researcher  2005 - 2008  1,219 
7.  15712  Martina Kos  Public health (occupational safety)  Technical associate  2006  40 
8.  02053  PhD Ivan Krajnc  Microbiology and immunology  Researcher  2006 - 2008  615 
9.  25641  PhD Miljenko Križmarić  Cardiovascular system  Technical associate  2006 - 2008  440 
10.  23216  Erika Macur    Technical associate  2005 - 2008 
11.  15998  PhD Nataša Marčun Varda  Cardiovascular system  Researcher  2008  469 
12.  02057  PhD Dušanka Mičetić-Turk  Human reproduction  Head  2004 - 2008  1,112 
13.  20137  MSc Milojka Molan-Štiglic  Human reproduction  Technical associate  2008  52 
14.  26251  Zvonka Murko    Technical associate  2005 - 2008 
15.  29757  Karmen Obrul    Technical associate  2008 
16.  26526  PhD Miroslav Palfy  Public health (occupational safety)  Junior researcher  2006 - 2008  46 
17.  02723  PhD Dražigost Pokorn  Public health (occupational safety)  Researcher  2004  640 
18.  10482  PhD Zlatka Rakovec-Felser  Psychology  Researcher  2005 - 2006  184 
19.  21605  PhD Marjan Skalicky  Medical sciences  Researcher  2006  371 
20.  23217  Gordana Strgar    Technical associate  2005 - 2008 
21.  29591  PhD Maja Šikić Pogačar  Human reproduction  Junior researcher  2008  150 
22.  05338  PhD Zmago Turk  Neurobiology  Researcher  2004 - 2008  1,093 
23.  23192  MSc Darja Urlep Žužej  Medical sciences  Technical associate  2006 - 2008  182 
24.  22443  PhD Renata Vauhnik  Neurobiology  Junior researcher  2004 - 2006  367 
Organisations (2)
no. Code Research organisation City Registration number No. of publicationsNo. of publications
1.  0334  University Medical Centre Maribor  Maribor  5054150000  22,581 
2.  1604  University of Maribor, Faculty of health sciences  Maribor  5089638016  7,122 
Abstract
In the past two decades the interest of studying and measuring of quality of life (health-related quality of life - HRQOL) of patients with chronicle diseases has dramatically increased. The meaning of HRQOL iwas defined by health World Health Organisation (WHO), which defines health as condition of perfect physical, spiritual and social well-being, and not just as absence of illnesses and disability. HRQOL is a multidimensional concept, which includes three main aspects/wievpoints of the quality of life: - physical motive viewpoint - psychological (emotional and cognitive) viewpoint and - social viewpoint. By following the patients with chronicle diseases we ascertained that for the establishment of their health status and success of the therapy it is not sufficient just to obtain objective clinical and laboratorial parameters. It is also very important how patients experience their own difficulties of illness and the influence of illness on the quality of their lifes. In the past few years researchers developed many tests for establishment of quality of life for chronicle diseases, but just few fulfil severe methodological criterias of reliability and authenticity, efficiency, validity and sensitivity on changes (responsiveness to change). For the evaluation of quality of life two types of tests exist: - generic measures and - disease - specific measures. The first research work on the field of quality of life was performed for the evolution of treating the patients with malign and cardiovascular illnesses. Just few years latter the studies about quality of life of patients with chronicle diseases of digestive organs followed, above all the patients with reflux and ulcer illness, the patients with chronicle inflamed intestinal disease and syndrome of too excite intestine. Till now researches of quality of life of children's and youths with different diseases haven't began, because it is not possible to directly use the methodological tested tests HRQOL on the paediatric population, because of the characteristics of this population (development view, dependence on parents, searching for self image). Otherwise exists a few generic tests for measurement the HRQOL in paediatric population like RAND Health Status Measure of children, PedsQL, TACQOL, Quality of Life Profile and a few others, but none are completely reliable, each of them contain the elements for good basis for further research work on this field. In the development phase are some specific tests for some chronicle diseases in children and adolescences period. They are methodologically good prepared for asthma, epilepsy and malign diseases, but recently the Netherlander researchers made Impact-II, specific test for measurement the quality of life of children and youth with chronicle inflammation intestine disease. The only till now published Nederlands research of quality of life of children and youths (age limit 8-16 years) with celiac disease uses two generic tests (TACQOL and DUCATQOL) and six disease specific questions. Generally the results don't show differences in quality of life of children and adolescents regarding on control group, which hasn't been good accommodated (age 11-12 years). Our program research group also develops generic tests for Quality of life profile or Quality of life and specific test for chronicaly ill children, youths and adults. With this mentioned methods we think that it is possible to value quality of life and the method of nourishing and thus influenced on lift of quality of life of all aging groups, on improving health and rehabilitation pleading of all population and influenced on forming and educating suitable expert teams. This is about assuring new theoretical and research accomplishments in daily practice, where nursing care and medicine have fundamental part.
Significance for science
The study of factors of quality of life in patients with different chronic, cancer and degenerative diseases are carried out all over the world. There are also ongoing analyses of factors which influence the quality of life of healthy population, growth, and development of children, and aging processes. Analysis of factors which influence the quality of life among healthy and ill population is extremely important and influences the possibility of discovering new medical findings which have an indirect effect on the development of applicative research as well as development of fundamental research field. Joint researchers’ work of the Department of Pediatrics, Department of Internal Medicine, Department of Gynecology and Perinatology, Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Medical Research Department of the University Medical Center Maribor and Medical Faculty University of Maribor influence the expansion and deepening of knowledge in the segments of pediatric, gynecologic-oncology, intern, gerontological, nutritional and rehabilitation disciplines, implementation of new findings into lectures at undergraduate and postgraduate study of medicine and other medical sciences and also have bigger response in clinical practice.
Significance for the country
Knowledge on the quality of life of healthy people and patients with different chronic and cancer diseases in important since we are able to start quite early with preventive measures concerning the prevention of disease occurrence, decreasing different clinical manifestations of a disease, illnesses, and also mortality due to incorrect nutrition. Thus we can influence and lower the mortality and number of illnesses due to malignant diseases. Indirect data on the quality of life contribute to expansion of knowledge and healthy eating habits, healthy lifestyle, possibilities for preventing the development of a disease and other preventive measures. It is a matter of ensuring a transfer of new theoretical and research achievements into everyday clinical practice. Learning about healthy lifestyle and nutrition can reaches its purpose only by determining the actual needs in a population and realization of suitable health and nursing care. Research findings will be useful for designing and improving educational work at faculties for health sciences and medical faculties, i.e. by: 1. Developing further theories and practices by medical schools (improving undergraduate and postgraduate educational process). 2. Implementation of new learning methods which are adapted to the research subject of the programme and specific target groups in all the phases of education and also lifelong learning. 3. Improving work and efficiency at primary and secondary health care of population 4. Improving work of medical and paramedical staff in the environment of all discussed groups. Of large importance is also the evaluation of requirements and needs for medical care of population regarding the improvement of quality of life and healthy eating habits as well as designing models for activating and rehabilitation of the elderly in temporary and permanent living environments. Correct planning and execution of medical care of the entire population means less costs in health care, less hospitalizations, and lower number of complications and morality. Early detection of an illness in childhood, following growth and development of children, influencing healthy eating habits has an effect not only in childhood but also long-term effect in adult period.Healthy, creative population of adults enables each country progress in the economic, social, and cultural sphere as well as in developing democratic relations. Effective comunication and education of adults in the context of lifelong learning employing the ICT technology and infrastructure has proved to rise the quality of life and integration of adults into society. Training young researchers in research methodology (within undergraduate studies and their preparation for individual research and publication in international magazines, larger recognition of Slovenia in international scientific research environment. The content of studies is mostly clinically and public health oriented and therefore the results represent an important part also in clinical practice. In the previous period mentorship was completed in 3 doctoral dissertations, 2 master theses and 6 specialization programs.
Most important scientific results Final report, complete report on dLib.si
Most important socioeconomically and culturally relevant results Final report, complete report on dLib.si
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