Projects / Programmes source: ARIS

Analiza elementarnih gibalnih vzorcev in adaptacija skeletni mišičnega sistema na nekatere dejavnike sodobnega življenskega sloga otrok med 4. in 7. letom starosti (Slovene)

Research activity

Code Science Field Subfield
5.10.01  Social sciences  Sport  Kinesiology - pedagogical aspect (sport, training, motorial learning) 

Code Science Field
3.03  Medical and Health Sciences  Health sciences 
Evaluation (rules)
source: COBISS
Researchers (9)
no. Code Name and surname Research area Role Period No. of publicationsNo. of publications
1.  23525  MSc Robert Janez Cirman  Neurobiology  Researcher  2009 - 2012  23 
2.  25787  PhD Mitja Gerževič  Sport  Researcher  2011 - 2012  103 
3.  27826  PhD Mihaela Jurdana  Neurobiology  Researcher  2009 - 2012  202 
4.  14038  PhD Zlatko Matjačić  Systems and cybernetics  Researcher  2009 - 2012  370 
5.  25432  PhD Nina Mohorko  Public health (occupational safety)  Researcher  2010 - 2012  164 
6.  11612  PhD Rado Pišot  Sport  Head  2009 - 2012  1,000 
7.  31634  PhD Saša Pišot  Social sciences  Researcher  2011 - 2012  171 
8.  21495  PhD Nejc Šarabon  Sport  Researcher  2009 - 2012  927 
9.  21102  PhD Boštjan Šimunič  Computer intensive methods and applications  Researcher  2009 - 2012  576 
Organisations (3)
no. Code Research organisation City Registration number No. of publicationsNo. of publications
1.  0309  University Rehabilitation Institute, Republic of Slovenia  Ljubljana  5053919000  5,711 
2.  0355  Orthopaedic Hospital Valdoltra  Ankaran  5053765  2,339 
3.  1510  Science and Research Centre Koper  Koper  7187416000  13,761 
Significance for science
Data were collected within the project, and the results arising from these data can be described as unique in world-wide dimension. The study of motor skills of 4-year-old children was mostly limited to the use of motor tests in the past. Within the scope of our research, we used analytical approaches including measuring and diagnostic tools related to kinematics, electromyography, dynamometrics etc. which helped us collect vital information which enable us to get an insight in the motor behaviour mechanisms, mutual correlations between different dimensions of child's bio-psycho-social status. The research will contribute to the quality of life with the aim of sustainable development of the individual and the society and by increasing basic motor skills and improving the predispositions, thus indirectly eliminating numerous deformations of the skeleto-muscular system. Acquired knowledge will significantly contribute to the understanding of FMP regulation and development processes, and with offered criteria and models it will enable the following: - Following the conformity of the development and learning motor skills (deviations, deformations etc.) For this purpose we formed a clear and simple measuring protocol that will enable direct users fast verification of the conformity level of monitored FMP and possible deviations. - Optimisation of exercise, training and rehabilitation (motor learning etc.). The scope of collected data will be used as a reference base for determining population characteristics (distribution type and variability) of considered FMP and for the assessment of efficiency of model algorithms for automatic recognition of FMP. - Studying FMP through the prism of establishing the relation with the family’s lifestyle that sets the foundations for the development of physical and motor capital of children. - Arising from acquired data and formed model of conformity of realisation of monitored FMP in real situations, we will enable the transposition of the model and FMP simulation in specific situations and environments, in this way we will enable the development and optimisation of modern robotics models.
Significance for the country
Appropriate development of FMP is necessary for healthy and safe lifelong physical and motor development as well as for motor efficiency. If students do not acquire appropriate motor competences, i.e. walking, running, pushing off, balance, throwing, they will have limited ability to meet the challenges set by the environment. It is necessary to reassess the occurrence of FMP within the existing programmes of monitoring physical and motor development of children, and evaluate their conformity. Such monitoring has not been implemented in Slovenia yet, although there have been many mentions as well as emphases in literature made about its significance (Videmšek and Pišot, 2008; Pistotnik, Pinter and Pori, 2002). Data, collected within the scope of our research enable us a detailed insight in the motor structure and the mechanisms of motor structure. Considering the sample size and sampling method, the results of our research will offer the possibilities to infer about the features of the entire Slovenian population of children of the studied age. Indirect research about the importance of FMP in Slovenia shows that falls are mostly the consequences of performing fundamental motor patterns (walking, running, crawling, climbing and jumping). This is also emphasised in the Report on the Injuries of Children and Youngsters in Slovenia, prepared by the Institute of Public Health of the Republic of Slovenia (2007) for 2000–2005 period. The report shows that falls are the fourth most common cause of mortality and the main cause for the hospitalisation and examinations in emergency clinics. In Slovenia, falls are also the cause for more than one half (53%) of hospitalisations of pre-school children due to injuries, which on an annual level amounts to approximately 735 hospitalised Slovenian children. Most common injuries are head injuries (70%), elbow and lower hand injuries (9%), as well as shoulder and upper arm injuries (7%). The hospitalisation rate due to falls has been increasing with the age of children, whereas, boys are more often treated in hospitals than girls. More than one half of injuries occur at home. Falls from playground equipment increase with the age of children, and present 5% of all injuries caused by the falls of older pre-school children. The stated facts undoubtedly allow us to assume that along with external factors the impact of unsatisfactory acquisition of fundamental motor patterns and inappropriate physical development as well as insufficient motor competences, is of key importance in the occurrence rate of injuries due to falls. We believe that our research results significantly contribute to understanding the development of fundamental motor patterns in Slovenian children. Additionally, they enable us to recognise weaknesses in this development and the formation of recommendations for the improvement of the situation. Interested public, who will be able to directly apply the findings of our research, includes parents, general medicine practitioners, physiologists, physiotherapists, paediatric services, schools etc. The formation of developmental, preventive and correctional interventions and programmes is in the interest of sports clubs and associations, the Slovenian Olympic Committee etc. The development of monitoring and selection models as well as exercise programmes is in the interest of public health institutions and municipalities. Since the processed data will enable us to develop the conformity models for the realisation of monitored FMP in real life, and guarantee the application of the model and FMP simulation in specific situations and environments, the findings will be quite useful for health care institutions, companies, companies that are involved in the development of ergonomics, and for the development of tools and technologies.
Most important scientific results Annual report 2009, 2010, 2011, final report, complete report on dLib.si
Most important socioeconomically and culturally relevant results Annual report 2009, 2010, 2011, final report, complete report on dLib.si
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