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Projects / Programmes source: ARIS

Automatics, robotics and biocybernetics

Periods
Research activity

Code Science Field Subfield
2.10.00  Engineering sciences and technologies  Manufacturing technologies and systems   
2.06.00  Engineering sciences and technologies  Systems and cybernetics   

Code Science Field
T125  Technological sciences  Automation, robotics, control engineering 

Code Science Field
2.11  Engineering and Technology  Other engineering and technologies 
Keywords
Automatics, robotics, biocybernetics, environmental medicine
Evaluation (rules)
source: COBISS
Researchers (37)
no. Code Name and surname Research area Role Period No. of publicationsNo. of publications
1.  34954  PhD Fares J. Mohd Abu Dakka  Manufacturing technologies and systems  Researcher  2013  16 
2.  20216  PhD Jan Babič  Systems and cybernetics  Researcher  2009 - 2014  294 
3.  26474  PhD Mitja Babič  Manufacturing technologies and systems  Researcher  2009 - 2011  24 
4.  35855  PhD Tarsi Bali  Medical sciences  Researcher  2014 
5.  34707  Robert Bevec  Manufacturing technologies and systems  Technical associate  2014  21 
6.  28474  PhD Tadej Debevec  Sport  Researcher  2009 - 2014  370 
7.  33646  PhD Miha Deniša  Manufacturing technologies and systems  Technical associate  2011 - 2014  49 
8.  15734  Dušan Filipič    Technical associate  2009 - 2014  13 
9.  32148  PhD Denis Forte  Computer intensive methods and applications  Researcher  2009 - 2014  15 
10.  25638  PhD Andrej Gams  Manufacturing technologies and systems  Researcher  2009 - 2014  235 
11.  29525  MSc Blaž Hajdinjak  Metrology  Researcher  2009 - 2011 
12.  31065  PhD Michail Keramidas  Cardiovascular system  Researcher  2009 - 2011  98 
13.  27758  Andrej Kos  Manufacturing technologies and systems  Technical associate  2009 - 2011  111 
14.  30526  PhD Stylianos Kounalakis  Cardiovascular system  Researcher  2009 - 2011  108 
15.  04038  PhD Igor Kovač  Manufacturing technologies and systems  Researcher  2010 - 2014  173 
16.  36333  PhD Aljaž Kramberger  Manufacturing technologies and systems  Junior researcher  2013 - 2014  22 
17.  08948  PhD Jadran Lenarčič  Manufacturing technologies and systems  Researcher  2009 - 2014  470 
18.  09849  Borut Lenart  Manufacturing technologies and systems  Technical associate  2009 - 2014  39 
19.  04151  PhD Ladislav Lenart  Systems and cybernetics  Researcher  2009 - 2012  94 
20.  32769  PhD Nejc Likar  Manufacturing technologies and systems  Junior researcher  2010 - 2014  25 
21.  33333  PhD Adam Charles McDonnell  Neurobiology  Junior researcher  2010 - 2014  140 
22.  14676  PhD Igor Mekjavić  Cardiovascular system  Head  2009 - 2014  1,275 
23.  33881  PhD Shawnda Morrison  Cardiovascular system  Researcher  2012 - 2013  192 
24.  00118  PhD Bojan Nemec  Systems and cybernetics  Researcher  2009 - 2014  289 
25.  21549  PhD Damir Omrčen  Manufacturing technologies and systems  Researcher  2009 - 2011  51 
26.  06654  Jožef Opeka    Technical associate  2009 - 2011 
27.  34573  Luka Peternel  Manufacturing technologies and systems  Technical associate  2011 - 2014  39 
28.  30885  PhD Tadej Petrič  Manufacturing technologies and systems  Researcher  2009 - 2014  196 
29.  03327  PhD Anton Ružić  Manufacturing technologies and systems  Researcher  2009 - 2014  60 
30.  29543  MSc Eva Stergaršek Kuzmič  Telecommunications  Researcher  2009 - 2011 
31.  32871  Goran Škorja  Manufacturing technologies and systems  Technical associate  2011 
32.  14918  PhD Martin Tomšič  Systems and cybernetics  Researcher  2009 - 2011  73 
33.  11772  PhD Aleš Ude  Manufacturing technologies and systems  Researcher  2009 - 2014  472 
34.  03264  Bogomir Vrhovec  Systems and cybernetics  Technical associate  2009 - 2014  60 
35.  34457  PhD Rok Vuga  Systems and cybernetics  Junior researcher  2011 - 2014  19 
36.  06655  Janez Zalar    Technical associate  2009 - 2012 
37.  03332  PhD Leon Žlajpah  Systems and cybernetics  Researcher  2009 - 2014  266 
Organisations (1)
no. Code Research organisation City Registration number No. of publicationsNo. of publications
1.  0106  Jožef Stefan Institute  Ljubljana  5051606000  90,649 
Abstract
The main goal is to create new knowledge and to transfer this knowledge to our users in industry, medicine and sports based on the development of original systems and technologies and on various activities in education of different types and levels. The common title of reserach in this group is "man and machine". We investigate the functioning of humans, emphasis is on human motion, from the viewpoint of robotics and automation. We intend to implement these results in the development of advanced production systems and technologies, as well as biomedical devices and methods in medicine and sports. Within the programme, the following principal topics are investigated: - Integration of mobility and manipulation in industrial and service robots Here, we intend to integrate a mobile robot platform and a robot manipulator and equip this system with different types of sensors, including distance sensors, stereo vision, tacktile sensors, force sensors etc. The objective is to develop new methods of control of complex (futuristic) robots, including a whole spectrum from strategic to basic level of control. Special interest will also be given to the design and control of parallel and redundant robot mechanisms. - Humanoid robots Two topics are investigated. First is concerned with the devlopent of a humanoid manipulator, in particular of a humanoid shoulder complex. The biomechanics of human manipulation is studied and the mathematics of humanoid motion will be synthesized. The second topic is related to the detection and validation of human motion by the use of computer stereo vision. The objective is to develop a system of robot teaching by showing. - Human physiology This is a set of research topics in envirnomental and sports medicine with strong application impact, for instance, in biophysical evaluation of shoes, garment and various protection equipment or ergonomic analysis of workplaces in industry. - Development of new biomedical devices and methods Wthin this area we investigate primarily the problems of electrical stimulation. Our functional and therapeutical stimulators are well known worldwide. We develop and transfer in practice different types of electrical stimulators. - Robotics, automation and informatization of production systems The group is traditionally connected with a number of Slovenian industrial companies in advancing their production systems and technologies. In these years we plan to develop new and original production cells and lines.
Significance for science
A gauge of our scientific contributions are the papers published in top international refereed scientific journals. We are the only research group in Slovenia with publications in prime robotics journals International Journal of Robotics Research and IEEE Transactions on Robotics in the last six years. By combining engineering sciences and life sciences, we have been able to make significant contributions to the development of: new methods for sensorimotor learning by imitation and coaching, a planetary habitat simulation facility, new humanoid systems, manikins enabling the evaluation of protective garments for industry and recreation, etc. But since our programme group is anchored in the field of production technology, it is equally important that we have ongoing collaborative projects with many Slovene and international industrial partners, and that our contributions to technology transfer have received awards from the Government of Slovenia (Puh Award) and the Slovene Chamber of Commerce. Indeed, much of our work includes R&D of prototype technologies, and is subject to non­disclosure agreements, rendering it impossible to publish/disclose some of our most innovative developments in the open literature. In the life sciences field we have developed the first hypoxic live­in and living laboratory. Delegations from ESA and NASA have visited our facility, and have provided continued support (ESA, EC) for studies pertaining to prolonged (up to 21 days) exposure to hypoxia and inactivity. Presently we are the only facility in the world capable of conducting such studies, and have hosted teams of international scientists teaming with Slovene scientists to study the effects of hypoxia and inactivity on the musculoskeletal, neuro­humoral, cardiorespiratory, thermoregulatory and digestive systems. Within Slovenia, our biocybernetics group is the only group conducting research in environmental physiology and ergonomics, and is perhaps the most active in the general area of applied physiology. Certainly, our research programme group is the only one in Slovenia, and among very few worldwide, that has focused on the issue of human­ robot teaming. This has only been possible due to the support of a critical mass of scientists in these varied fields. Robotic systems have been successfully utilized in manufacturing, especially in the car industry, for many years. However, existing technologies still cannot be used in many areas of manufacturing where manual work (in particular for few of a kind production) is used today. This is because set­up costs for automated systems are high and they fail whenever even minor changes in the production process are made. To address these issues we developed new technologies for intelligent control, which alleviate the need for frequent reprogramming. We implemented new technologies both for control of standard industrial robots and for new dual-arm (humanoid) mechanisms. The development of cognitive robotic systems, capable of assisting people in their living environments, implies the understanding of humanlike intelligence and is therefore one of the biggest challenges of modern science. This is reflected in a large number of research programs in the area of robotics in Europe, USA, and Japan. In the last period we collaborated in five large EU projects in the area of cognitive robotics. In these projects we developed several new technologies for fast sensorimotor learning in robotic systems. We have started to collaborate with an industrial partner to implement the developed learning technologies in industrial controllers. More generally, our research contributed to the increased robot autonomy, which is necessary to transfer robot technologies from industrial to human living environments. Robots should be more autonomous in such environments robots because engineers are normally not constantly available to help.
Significance for the country
Our basic and applied research projects have contributed directly to the research and development in Slovenian companies in various areas of industrial endeavour. In this way we contribute to the socio-economical development of Slovenian industry and society. The hypoxic facility established in the Olympic Sport Centre Planica is now in the process of being accredited by the European Space Agency as a ground-based research facility. It is a platform for the evaluation of countermeasures offered by Slovenian and EU companies. In addition, innovative prototypes have been evaluated during the experimental campaigns ranging from Apps to equipment, and new concepts in medical cloud computing. Companies have also been able to develop new services as a consequence of collaborating in our studies at the Planica facility. Our industrial partners have been supporting our effort to assess whether the altitude anorexia phenomenon can be initiated in normobaric hypoxic facilities, and ultimately harnessed by weight reduction programmes. Research at this facility has also demonstrated the inability of some medical equipment to operate in such environments, and has stimulated further collaborative R&D to remedy such hardware/software issues. In the past six years of funding we have introduced many of our innovative robotics and automation concepts to Slovene (Droga, Steklarna Hrastnik, RC eNeM, UCS) and international companies. The main goal of our research is to introduce state of the art robot technologies into complex production processes where robotics and automation could not be used in the past. For example, in the past period of funding we collaborated with with one of the main producers of industrial robots in the world in order to the transfer our newly developed robot learning technologies to industrial robots. In this way we contribute also to the dissemination of Slovene intellectual property worldwide. Manufacturing in countries like Slovenia is under threat from low wage countries, especially in industries that still involve manual work. Within the past six years we addressed some of the crucial issues in this area. For example, our past and proposed projects in glass manufacturing aimed at achieving capabilities needed to enable large introduction of robotics and automation in glass forming, an industrial area where standard robots still cannot be used and many production processes are performed manually. The overall aim of our efforts is to reduce the overall production costs and allow 24/7 production with the same number of human workers. Achieving constant production by introducing robot operators decreases the amount of energy per unit, an important consideration in an industry such as glass production where main energy sources for large input furnaces are still fossil fuels. While the problems are not always the same, we have similar goals in our collaboration with industrial partners from other areas including food production, automated assembly, and electronics. Thus our research programme has already contributed to the development and retention of advanced manufacturing in Slovenia. Our researchers are also active in the teaching process at various universities in Slovenia and abroad. Our work attracts foreign students, wishing to participate in our research programme, and pursue their graduate degrees on topics covered by our programme.
Audiovisual sources (1)
no. Title (with video link) Event Source
1. Automatics, robotics and biocybernetics  Promotional video of research programme on Videolectures  Research programme video presentation 
Most important scientific results Annual report 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, final report, complete report on dLib.si
Most important socioeconomically and culturally relevant results Annual report 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, final report, complete report on dLib.si
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