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Projects / Programmes source: ARIS

Possibilities and restrictions on picking of fungi in forests and development of truffle culture in Slovenia

Research activity

Code Science Field Subfield
4.01.01  Biotechnical sciences  Forestry, wood and paper technology  Forest - forestry 

Code Science Field
B430  Biomedical sciences  Sylviculture, forestry, forestry technology 

Code Science Field
4.01  Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences  Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries 
Keywords
mushrooms, toadstools, fungi, mushroom picking, regulation, inventory, Slovenia
Evaluation (rules)
source: COBISS
Researchers (8)
no. Code Name and surname Research area Role Period No. of publicationsNo. of publications
1.  32514  Zina Devetak  Forestry, wood and paper technology  Technical associate  2011 - 2013  444 
2.  30165  PhD Tine Hauptman  Forestry, wood and paper technology  Researcher  2011 - 2013  320 
3.  07948  PhD Dušan Jurc  Forestry, wood and paper technology  Head  2011 - 2013  669 
4.  23448  PhD Nikica Ogris  Forestry, wood and paper technology  Researcher  2011 - 2013  1,208 
5.  25448  PhD Barbara Piškur  Forestry, wood and paper technology  Researcher  2011 - 2013  966 
6.  17757  Janez Sušin  Plant production  Researcher  2011 - 2013  769 
7.  31072  MSc Tomaž Vernik  Plant production  Researcher  2011 - 2013  93 
8.  16283  PhD Borut Vrščaj  Plant production  Researcher  2011 - 2013  926 
Organisations (2)
no. Code Research organisation City Registration number No. of publicationsNo. of publications
1.  0401  Agricultural institute of Slovenia  Ljubljana  5055431  20,373 
2.  0404  Slovenian Forestry Institute  Ljubljana  5051673000  11,988 
Abstract
In three years project the main characteristics of edible mushroom growth in Slovenia will be gathered and the results will be groundwork for the sustainable use of mushrooms from forests and for the development of mushrooming regulations and regulations on mushroom trade. Because of the extensive task and incomplete knowledge about mushrooms in our country the project will be performed in four working groups (WG); three will be interconnected by the topic, the data and the research methods and will deal with mushroom inventory and regulations on mushrooming, and the fourth will use different research methods and will deal with the possibilities of trufffle cultivation in Slovenia. In WG 1 the potential of slovene forests for mushroom production will be estimated and emphasis will be given to edible and commercial  mushrooms. Because of limited data the informations on mushrooms will be gathered within wide circles of mushroom pickers, mycologists, mushroom sellers and experts on mushrooms using questionnaires and interviews. In WG2 the method for long term invenory of forest fungi will be developed, with the goal of detecting possible diminishing of mushrooms which are allowed to be picked and traded. This task is organizational most demanding and time consuming and will be based on weekly data on mushroom growth in the growth season from various sources: a) permanent research plots, b) data and informations on mushroom growth and on collected mushrooms from local mycological organizations and their most reliable members, which will be gathered through Mycological Association of Slovenia, c) gathering the data from mushroom buying stations on mushroom trade. The data on mushroom species and amounts will be supplemented with current meteorological data and will be used for mushroom growth modelling. In WG 3 the need for possible restrictions on mushrooming of certain species will be analysed and considered. Additional regulation on possibilities of commercial mushroom picking with the development of novel marketing of non woody forest products will be proposed. Proposals will be verified by questionnaires and interviews with subjects, who would be the most affected with changes in legislature (forest owners, mushroom pickers, mushroom merchants, mushroom sellers and others). WG 4 will deal with modelling of soil and environmental parameters, potential growing sites will be defined and results will be tested for the evaluation of potential growing sites on three commercially most important species of truffles in our country – Tuber aestivum, Tuber melanosporum and Tuber magnatum. Besides, the task will embrace also the preliminary, or pilot activities, which are necessary for the development of trufficulture in Slovenia. The research group has developed, is maintaining and is the owner of the electronic database on fungi of Slovenia called Boletus informaticus, which will be the base for the development of database on time and quantities of mushroom growth. Proposal of the project anticipates extensive cooperation of Mycological Association of Slovenia at establishing permanent monitoring of mushroom growth and cooperation of competent amateur mycologists and this is supposed to substantially cheapen the proposed research.
Significance for science
The computer model for the potential growth of fungi in slovenian forests was developed and also the model for the determination of potential growing sites fot Tuber aestivum.
Significance for the country
The results are important for the development of new legislation for mushroom picking. The production capacity of fungi was assessed for whole slovenian forests. The development of truficulture is enabled.
Most important scientific results Annual report 2011, 2012, final report
Most important socioeconomically and culturally relevant results Annual report 2011, 2012, final report
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