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Projects / Programmes source: ARRS

Development of organizational and technical support for effective actions against the outbreaks of forest pests

Research activity

Code Science Field Subfield
4.01.01  Biotechnical sciences  Forestry, wood and paper technology  Forest - forestry 

Code Science Field
B430  Biomedical sciences  Sylviculture, forestry, forestry technology 

Code Science Field
4.01  Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences  Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries 
Keywords
forest, quarantine pests, contingency plans, eradication, outbreak, phytosanitary actions, communication, forest contractors
Evaluation (rules)
source: COBISS
Researchers (21)
no. Code Name and surname Research area Role Period No. of publications
1.  54339  Mirko Baša    Technician  2020  20 
2.  50519  PhD Ana Brglez  Forestry, wood and paper technology  Junior researcher  2018 - 2020  78 
3.  29092  PhD Maarten De Groot  Forestry, wood and paper technology  Researcher  2018 - 2020  606 
4.  30165  PhD Tine Hauptman  Forestry, wood and paper technology  Researcher  2018 - 2020  198 
5.  29831  Špela Jagodic    Technician  2018 - 2020 
6.  34177  Tina Jemec  Forestry, wood and paper technology  Technician  2020  188 
7.  07948  PhD Dušan Jurc  Forestry, wood and paper technology    2018 - 2020  669 
8.  02491  PhD Maja Jurc  Forestry, wood and paper technology  Researcher  2018 - 2020  564 
9.  33222  PhD Andreja Kavčič  Forestry, wood and paper technology  Researcher  2018 - 2020  1,030 
10.  17034  PhD Nike Krajnc  Forestry, wood and paper technology  Researcher  2018 - 2020  910 
11.  23448  PhD Nikica Ogris  Forestry, wood and paper technology  Researcher  2018 - 2020  1,086 
12.  13256  Roman Pavlin  Forestry, wood and paper technology  Technician  2018 - 2020  86 
13.  25448  PhD Barbara Piškur  Forestry, wood and paper technology  Principal Researcher  2018 - 2020  819 
14.  19950  MSc Mitja Piškur  Forestry, wood and paper technology  Researcher  2018  368 
15.  29428  PhD Peter Prislan  Forestry, wood and paper technology  Researcher  2020  305 
16.  53018  Peter Smolnikar    Technician  2019 - 2020  216 
17.  38471  Darja Stare  Forestry, wood and paper technology  Researcher  2020  202 
18.  36223  Špela Ščap  Forestry, wood and paper technology  Researcher  2020  217 
19.  35079  Matevž Triplat  Forestry, wood and paper technology  Technician  2018 - 2020  207 
20.  52639  Simon Zidar    Technician  2020  259 
21.  53723  Urban Žitko  Forestry, wood and paper technology  Researcher  2020  25 
Organisations (2)
no. Code Research organisation City Registration number No. of publications
1.  0404  Slovenian Forestry Institute  Ljubljana  5051673000  11,847 
2.  0481  University of Ljubljana, Biotechnical Faculty  Ljubljana  1626914  64,100 
Abstract
Forests cover 1,2 million hectares or 58,4% of Slovenian land. Introduction of alien organisms, harmful to forests and trees, can threaten our forests. Harmful alien organisms can cause economic losses, decrease biotic diversity, and can indirectly endanger human health. International movements of goods and people are major drivers for transporting species to new regions. Additionally, we are facing climate changes and extreme weather phenomena, which influence the stability of ecosystems and thus create more favorable conditions for the stabilization of non-native, alien organisms. With suitable strategy and political action we can reduce introductions and damages caused by alien forests pests and diseases. Awareness and learning about these organisms increase public support and increase policy acceptability. To demonstrate a strong reactive capacity to control the spread of introduced invasive organisms, countries must recognize that alien organisms can threaten country’s environment and economy, have identified alien organisms already present and can show evidence that policy can be turned into management actions. Thus, demonstrating proactive capacity requires comprehensive border-control policies and research support, monitoring, pre-prepared communication strategies and pre-prepared rapid response to newly discovered harmful organisms. In Slovenia, the protection of the health of plants, plant products and other objects against harmful organisms is regulated by the Plant Health Act (ZZVR-1), which also enforces the acquis communautaire on plant health. Council Directive 2000/29/EC lays down the basic requirements for plant health against harmful organisms and classifies harmful organisms into Annexes I and II or issues implementing decisions in case of finding new harmful organisms that may pose a risk. These organisms are commonly referred to as quarantine organisms, ti. organisms that are not present in a certain area or are present in a limited area, and their dissemination can be of economic importance to the affected area. On 14 December 2019, new European plant health legislation will enter into force (Regulation (EU) 2016/2031 “Plant Health Regulation” and Regulation (EU) 2017/625 “Official Inspection Regulation”). The Plant Health Regulation introduces compulsory multiannual surveillance programs for quarantine organisms, issues stricter requirements for demarcated areas in the event of the outbreaks, sets the priority list of quarantine organisms and their surveillance. Also, Member States must have prepared contingency plans, action plans and implement simulation exercises and awareness and information campaigns. In the event of inaction at finding the quarantine organism or in the event of slow or inappropriate action, we risk the uncontrolled spread of disease / pest and sanctions by the European Commission. The most appropriate action for the effective management of outbreaks of quarantine organisms is the rapid detection and identification together with rapid and effective action to eradicate or stop the spread. Eradication actions in forests most often involve cutting and proper destruction or special handling of infected or attacked material. The scope of needed work can be extremely extensive and can take place on a hard-to-reach terrain. Therefore, it is essential that all action plans are prepared in advance, tested in simulation exercises, and carried out by suitably qualified contractors. For the effective response, a pre-prepared base of appropriate operators and lists of equipment and assets are necessary. In the proposed project, we will therefore set guidelines for the effective implementation of measures (actions) in case of alien pathogens or pests outbreaks. The feasibility of the eradication actions depends heavily on the support of the policy, the economy, the public. This, however, depends on the awareness of all those involved about the importance of forests and about the impact
Significance for science
Proposed project will provide an overview of the current state of the art on quarantine organisms, which will strengthen scientific knowledge about these organisms in Slovenia. Various measures for eradication and control of quarantine organisms will be reviewed, which will be the basis for subsequent research (eg modeling the spread of quarantine organisms). During the proposed project, database of forestry and timber harvesting companies, which could be included in the actions for eradication of quarantine organisms will be established. The database will represent an original approach into the preparation of national action plans. Using various methodological tools for exploring the views of the stakeholders we will get an insight into the attitude of the experts and the public towards the measures that are necessary for the eradication of quarantine organisms. Throughout the project, the project activities and results will be presented at international and national scientific meetings. The findings of the project will be handed over to the client and presented to the public (workshops, simulation exercises, contributions, etc.).
Significance for the country
Protocols and plans will be prepared, which will provide an appropriate basis for the authorities of the Republic of Slovenia to prepare an effective system for the protection of Slovenian forests against non-native invasive harmful organisms. The project will produce sound technical and implementation bases that will allow for the effective implementation of the requirements of the new EU plant health law (EU Regulation 2016/2031, The Official Controls Regulation (EU) 2017/625). The proposed project will also prepare basis for the allocation of EU grants to implement measures against certain harmful organisms in case of an outbreak in Slovenia (Regulation (EU) 652/2014). During the proposed project we will verify and collect data regarding forestry and timber harvesting companies who could participate in the implementation of eradication measures in the case of outbreaks of quarantine organisms (and others). The results of the proposed project will contribute to preservation and protection of natural heritage and biodiversity through an effective system for the eradication (or control) in the case of outbreaks of alien harmful organisms for forests and woody plants. As such potential risks for the occurrence of major damages in forests and elsewhere would be minimized. By implementing the outcomes of the proposed project, the objectives of the national environmental protection program and the biodiversity strategy will also be pursued, and the Natura sites will be maintained. Through the proposed system solutions, the project will reduce the risk of unpredictable wood timber disruptions, which may have additional (indirect) negative consequences for businesses in the wood processing and energy sectors and unpredictable limitations in foreign trade in timber and timber products. Reducing business risks is also of great importance for the nurseries and indirectly of all companies in the sales chain (trade companies, specialized companies for trading with planting material etc). Systematic solutions, which will be proposed during the project, will ensure the reduction of risks for forest owners, for which inadequate measures against the outbreaks of forest pests could cause major damages and thus jeopardizing the economic status of agricultural holdings that are crucial for the conservation and development of the countryside. New market opportunities will arise for the specialization of forestry and timber harvesting companies and other companies through the proposed eradication system. As such, positive impact on the employment of the population will be made (for example, qualified climbing teams for inspection of trees).
Most important scientific results Annual report 2019, final report
Most important socioeconomically and culturally relevant results Annual report 2018, 2019, final report
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