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Projects / Programmes source: ARRS

Genetics and modern technologies of agricultural plants

Periods
Research activity

Code Science Field Subfield
4.03.00  Biotechnical sciences  Plant production   
4.06.00  Biotechnical sciences  Biotechnology   

Code Science Field
B225  Biomedical sciences  Plant genetics 

Code Science Field
4.04  Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences  Agricultural biotechnology 
Keywords
plant genetics, dihaploids, genomics, proteomics, genetic variability, genetic transformations, genetic mapping, technology of crop production, precise farming, onion, hop, grasses, cabbage, alternative crops
Evaluation (rules)
source: COBISS
Researchers (36)
no. Code Name and surname Research area Role Period No. of publications
1.  21407  PhD Sabina Berne  Biotechnology  Researcher  2014  157 
2.  09565  PhD Borut Bohanec  Biotechnology  Researcher  2009 - 2014  592 
3.  29471  PhD Olja Bregar  Biotechnical sciences  Junior researcher  2009 - 2012 
4.  25507  PhD Monika Cvetkov  Biotechnical sciences  Junior researcher  2009 - 2010  13 
5.  18828  PhD Andreja Čerenak  Plant production  Researcher  2009 - 2014  386 
6.  02936  PhD Jure Čop  Plant production  Researcher  2009 - 2014  251 
7.  17787  Viktorija Dolenc    Technician  2009 - 2014 
8.  34332  PhD Marko Flajšman  Plant production  Junior researcher  2011 - 2014  147 
9.  36371  PhD Tanja Guček  Plant production  Junior researcher  2013 - 2014  47 
10.  27538  PhD Pablo Hirschegger  Biotechnical sciences  Junior researcher  2009 - 2010 
11.  31143  Nataša Hren    Technician  2009 - 2014 
12.  16379  PhD Jernej Jakše  Plant production  Researcher  2009 - 2014  629 
13.  05614  PhD Marijana Jakše  Plant production  Researcher  2009 - 2014  255 
14.  05994  PhD Branka Javornik  Plant production  Principal Researcher  2009 - 2014  1,282 
15.  37427  PhD Taja Jeseničnik  Plant production  Junior researcher  2014  29 
16.  05007  PhD Darja Kocjan-Ačko  Plant production  Researcher  2009 - 2014  904 
17.  35430  PhD Zala Kolenc  Chemistry  Junior researcher  2012 - 2014  48 
18.  09085  PhD Katarina Košmelj  Mathematics  Researcher  2009 - 2014  232 
19.  33174  PhD Kristina Košmrlj  Plant production  Junior researcher  2010 - 2013  16 
20.  05083  PhD Zlata Luthar  Biotechnology  Researcher  2009 - 2014  347 
21.  31918  PhD Aljaž Majer  Plant production  Junior researcher  2009 - 2012  26 
22.  26537  PhD Stanislav Mandelc  Pharmacy  Researcher  2009 - 2014  73 
23.  36372  PhD Kristina Marton  Biotechnology  Junior researcher  2013 - 2014  40 
24.  24413  PhD Jana Murovec  Biotechnology  Researcher  2009 - 2014  160 
25.  29417  PhD Petra Oražem  Biotechnical sciences  Junior researcher  2009 - 2013 
26.  34333  PhD Tine Pokorn  Plant production  Junior researcher  2011 - 2014  38 
27.  35365  PhD Vasja Progar  Biotechnology  Junior researcher  2012 - 2014  30 
28.  20162  PhD Sebastjan Radišek  Plant production  Researcher  2009 - 2014  568 
29.  32017  Tina Svetek  Plant production  Junior researcher  2009 - 2014 
30.  15993  PhD Igor Šantavec  Plant production  Researcher  2009 - 2014  136 
31.  19184  PhD Nataša Štajner  Plant production  Researcher  2009 - 2014  290 
32.  01447  PhD Anton Tajnšek  Plant production  Researcher  2009  421 
33.  15577  Nevenka Valič  Plant production  Technician  2010 - 2014  89 
34.  30709  PhD Maja Vogrinčič  Plant production  Junior researcher  2012  32 
35.  37428  PhD Helena Volk  Biotechnical sciences  Junior researcher  2014  50 
36.  28498  PhD Jana Zurc  Plant production  Junior researcher  2009  14 
Organisations (2)
no. Code Research organisation City Registration number No. of publications
1.  0416  Slovenian Institute of Hop Research and Brewing  Žalec  5051762000  3,983 
2.  0481  University of Ljubljana, Biotechnical Faculty  Ljubljana  1626914  63,768 
Abstract
The main subjects of the proposed research programme are the existing and potential characteristics of agricultural/horticultural plants that, in given circumstances, produce an optimal yield in terms of quality and quantity. The characteristics of plants can be described by genetic data, which can then serve in planning strategies of plant breeding or optimising crop production. The application of biotechnological methods in plant breeding will focus on gynogenic and androgenic haploid induction and genetic transformation methods and will include not only the development of protocols but also the identification of bottlenecks that limit the application of these methods in plant breeding practice. Genetic diversity will be assessed in selected plant species in order to obtain information on the amount of genetic variation present and on the genetic structure of available accessions, which may be useful for germplasm conservation, as a source for targeting new genes, in plant breeding or for genotyping and identification purposes. In hop genomics and molecular studies of hop pathogens, new genomic and proteomic tools will be developed for linkage mapping and identification of QTL and single markers applicable for marker assisted selection in hop breeding or isolation of relevant genes. Research on the management of field areas will be based on principles of precise farming focused on an assessment of the values of each relevant parameter that can be measured and managed by means of agrotechnical measures. The main aim of this research is thus to apply research findings to technically feasible technologies of crop production.
Significance for science
The research program included basic and applied research in plant genetics and biotechnology, with an emphasis on the application of biotechnological methods intended for overcoming breeding barriers and establishing entirely new breeding possibilities, as well as molecular analysis of plant genomes. The main reserch orentations were the study of gynogenesis and androgenesis for haploid production, study of somatic embryogenesis for improvemenet of plant regeneration, inter-species hybridization, evaluation of genetic diversity for the use of genetic resources, genetic mapping for studying economically important traits, DNA genotyping of plants for their identification and characterization, development of genomic and proteomic tools for studying plant pathogen interactions and similar. The results obtained have contributed to scientific knowledge, with some results oriented to practical application in breeding. Outstanding results were obtained in the development of new protocols for haploid induction, using new inter-species hybrids, genotyping of a large number of autochthonous varieties of grapevine and gene mapping of hop and identification of the resistant locus. The group is among leading groups in the fields of haploid induction in onion and hop genetics. The group is involved in the reciprocal international exchange of knowledge through project cooperation, and active participation in international scientific circles.
Significance for Slovenia
Biotechnological research of crops is among the areas of science in which progress is most dramatic. According to many predictions, such knowledge will be an indicator of progress in the 21st century. The contribution of this programme group is of course at the limits of capacities and the social climate, which is sometimes more and sometimes less inclined to specific trends. In order to accelerate application of this top technology in Slovenia, we have initiated a programme of development of Slovene plant breeding. Prof. Dr. Borut Bohanec was appointed by the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Food to head a commission for the preparation of measures in the area of breeding our own varieties in Slovenia, and the intention of the group has been to establish starting points that could lead to systematic exploitation of local knowledge and market applications. Preparatory work was then carried out by agreement and the project started within a limited financial framework. The programme group will nevertheless strive for effective transfer of knowledge into practice and we anticipate that results of the proposed research will be a major support to breeding programmes. Such relationship has been already established with our hop breeders. Modern technologies ensure greater food safety, protection of the environment and man, better economic efficiency and greater diversity of the cultural landscape. With a suitable approach, with the introduction of modern varieties of plants, all forms of agriculture can be sustainable. The research programme will have significant indirect importance in the transfer of up-to-date knowledge in educational processes at professional, undergraduate and postgraduate levels. This is extremely important, since only thus can we produce competitive personnel able to transfer the knowledge gained to the economy and thus contribute to creating added value.
Audiovisual sources (1)
no. Title (with video link) Event Source
1. Genetics and modern technologies of agricultural plants    Research programme video presentation 
Most important scientific results Annual report 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, final report, complete report on dLib.si
Most important socioeconomically and culturally relevant results Annual report 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, final report, complete report on dLib.si
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