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Projects / Programmes source: ARRS

Mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions in cattle production

Research activity

Code Science Field Subfield
4.02.03  Biotechnical sciences  Animal production  Ethology and technology in stock-breeding 

Code Science Field
B400  Biomedical sciences  Zootechny, animal husbandry, breeding 

Code Science Field
4.02  Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences  Animal and Dairy science 
Keywords
Cattle, methane, nitrous oxide, carbon dioxide, greenhouse gases
Evaluation (rules)
source: COBISS
Researchers (17)
no. Code Name and surname Research area Role Period No. of publications
1.  08320  PhD Gorazd Avguštin  Animal production  Researcher  2011 - 2014  351 
2.  05658  PhD Drago Babnik  Animal production  Researcher  2011 - 2014  361 
3.  11765  PhD Lijana Fanedl  Animal production  Researcher  2011 - 2014  98 
4.  17302  Anton Gjergek    Technician  2011 - 2014  25 
5.  12288  MSc Tone Godeša  Plant production  Researcher  2011 - 2014  209 
6.  00371  PhD Viktor Jejčič  Plant production  Researcher  2011 - 2014  1,148 
7.  29728  PhD Janez Jenko  Animal production  Researcher  2011 - 2014  140 
8.  12010  PhD Janez Jeretina  Animal production  Researcher  2011 - 2014  399 
9.  25520  PhD Vesna Jerman  Pharmacy  Researcher  2011 - 2014  38 
10.  08404  PhD Romana Marinšek Logar  Animal production  Researcher  2011 - 2014  501 
11.  25012  MSc Ben Moljk  Plant production  Researcher  2011 - 2014  349 
12.  14853  Tomaž Perpar  Animal production  Researcher  2011 - 2014  407 
13.  16055  Peter Podgoršek  Animal production  Researcher  2011 - 2014  249 
14.  11087  MSc Tomaž Poje  Plant production  Researcher  2011 - 2014  2,111 
15.  10035  PhD Jože Verbič  Animal production  Principal Researcher  2011 - 2014  919 
16.  17853  Barbara Zagorc  Plant production  Researcher  2011 - 2014  352 
17.  22606  PhD Tomaž Žnidaršič  Animal production  Researcher  2011 - 2014  182 
Organisations (2)
no. Code Research organisation City Registration number No. of publications
1.  0401  Agricultural institute of Slovenia  Ljubljana  5055431  19,872 
2.  0481  University of Ljubljana, Biotechnical Faculty  Ljubljana  1626914  64,093 
Abstract
Cattle production contributes about 65% of total emissions of greenhouse gases in Slovenian agriculture. Recent assessment of agricultural policy showed that present measures are focused mainly in mitigation of emissions in plant production. It was recommended that in future more efforts should be devoted to animal production. The aim of proposed project is a) to elaborate the proposal of measures for mitigation of greenhouse gases in cattle production by taking into account the natural conditions and existing features of animal keeping and b) to elaborate recommendations for cattle breeders, which will cover forage production, rearing practices, animal feeding, storage of animal manures and fertilization practices. Measures and recommendations will be based on analyses of present emissions according to farm structure and rearing practices. The effect of individual measures will be quantified. Besides gases which are monitored in the frame of official inventory (methane and nitrous oxide) the project will focus also in direct and indirect emissions of carbon dioxide which is released due to consumption of fossil fuels (including fossil fuels used for production of mineral fertilizers, pesticides and overseas transport of feedstuffs). Computer tool for the assessment of emissions and effects of measures will be developed in the frame of proposed project.
Significance for science
The project team responded to a call theme that has been highly target-oriented. Target orientation was characteristic also for the project. Accordingly, the importance of the project for the science is relatively small. From the scientific perspective are important, in particular, the contents related to the structure and the specific situation in the Slovenian agriculture. These are the following: - acquisition of specific data on energy consumption and related carbon dioxide emissions associated with rearing cattle in small herds; - the acquisition of specific data on energy consumption and related emissions of carbon dioxide in forage production in conditions of fragmented ownership structure and the use of relatively small farm machinery; - the possibility of introducing biogas installations on small farms; - the evaluation of carbon footprint of cow's milk and beef in a situation, which is characterized by a very large range of production intensity.
Significance for the country
The operational programme for the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions by 2020 states that the long-term objective in the field of agriculture is controlling of greenhouse gas emissions along with an increase of food self-sufficiency and maintaining the agricultural land area in use. To achieve this goal the emissions per unit of food have to be reduced. The solutions which were proposed in the frame of the project will enable it. This is not only to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, but also to increase the competitiveness of cattle production (better utilization of feed resources, lower consumption of fossil fuels, decreased nitrogen losses, gaining energy from renewable sources in the case of biogas production from animal manures). The proposed solutions are beneficial also in terms of emissions of gases, which are handled by the Clean Air for Europe initiative and commitment that will be defined in a new NEC Directive (ammonia, NOX, methane as a gas, which causes an increase in concentrations of ground-level ozone). Results of the project are important for: - reducing greenhouse gas emissions in cattle production, increasing the competitiveness of the sector and maintaining/improving the reputation of milk and beef (smaller carbon footprint); - facilitating the planning of agricultural/environmental policy in the area of mitigation of climate change; - more reliable reporting on greenhouse gas emissions and emissions of other gases under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and under the UNECE Convention on long-range transboundary air pollution; - higher reliability of emission projections and to support decision making on acceptance/unacceptance of proposed obligations within international protocols.
Most important scientific results Annual report 2013, final report
Most important socioeconomically and culturally relevant results Annual report 2012, 2013, final report
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