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Projects / Programmes source: ARIS

Preservation and suitability of use, establishment of maintenance selection and production of seed material of maize landraces and important field crops in sustainable agriculture

Research activity

Code Science Field Subfield
4.03.01  Biotechnical sciences  Plant production  Agricultural plants 

Code Science Field
B006  Biomedical sciences  Agronomics 

Code Science Field
4.01  Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences  Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries 
Keywords
Landraces, field crops, maintainance selection, seed production, sustainable agriculture
Evaluation (rules)
source: COBISS
Researchers (35)
no. Code Name and surname Research area Role Period No. of publicationsNo. of publications
1.  09565  PhD Borut Bohanec  Biotechnology  Head  2016 - 2017  592 
2.  35543  PhD Tanja Bohinc  Biotechnical sciences  Technical associate  2014 - 2017  245 
3.  21613  PhD Franc Čuš  Plant production  Researcher  2014 - 2017  373 
4.  08280  PhD Marina Dermastia  Biology  Researcher  2014 - 2017  874 
5.  13379  PhD Peter Dolničar  Plant production  Researcher  2014 - 2017  830 
6.  23611  PhD Tanja Dreo  Biotechnology  Researcher  2014 - 2017  509 
7.  09478  PhD Nikita Fajt  Plant production  Researcher  2014 - 2016  165 
8.  16240  PhD Anton Ivančič  Plant production  Researcher  2014 - 2017  224 
9.  05007  PhD Darja Kocjan-Ačko  Plant production  Researcher  2014 - 2017  946 
10.  17314  Elizabeta Komatar    Technical associate  2014 - 2017  19 
11.  34227  Erika Komel  Plant production  Technical associate  2014 - 2017  55 
12.  28497  PhD Žiga Laznik  Plant production  Researcher  2014 - 2017  288 
13.  05083  PhD Zlata Luthar  Biotechnology  Researcher  2014 - 2017  378 
14.  15489  PhD Irena Mavrič Pleško  Plant production  Researcher  2014 - 2017  380 
15.  05667  PhD Vladimir Meglič  Plant production  Researcher  2014 - 2017  883 
16.  23610  PhD Nataša Mehle  Biotechnology  Researcher  2014 - 2017  547 
17.  39994  Davor Mrzlić  Plant production  Researcher  2017 
18.  10506  PhD Alenka Munda  Plant production  Researcher  2014 - 2017  228 
19.  29726  Radojko Pelengić  Plant production  Researcher  2014 - 2017  81 
20.  29498  PhD Barbara Pipan  Plant production  Researcher  2014 - 2017  278 
21.  24505  PhD Manca Pirc  Biotechnology  Researcher  2014 - 2017  210 
22.  05229  PhD Maja Ravnikar  Biotechnology  Researcher  2014 - 2017  1,370 
23.  17782  Janko Rebernik    Technical associate  2014 - 2017  10 
24.  04578  PhD Ludvik Rozman  Plant production  Former/secondary head  2014 - 2015  213 
25.  25866  Jaka Rupnik    Technical associate  2014 - 2017 
26.  20686  PhD Denis Rusjan  Plant production  Researcher  2014 - 2017  458 
27.  15993  PhD Igor Šantavec  Plant production  Researcher  2014 - 2017  149 
28.  14538  Mojca Škof  Plant production  Researcher  2014 - 2017  327 
29.  27954  Andreja Škvarč  Plant production  Researcher  2014 - 2017  177 
30.  17763  PhD Stanislav Trdan  Biotechnical sciences  Researcher  2014 - 2017  1,110 
31.  16393  PhD Kristina Ugrinović  Plant production  Researcher  2014 - 2017  646 
32.  11759  PhD Valentina Usenik  Plant production  Researcher  2014 - 2017  420 
33.  03853  PhD Mojca Viršček Marn  Plant production  Researcher  2014 - 2017  419 
34.  00962  PhD Stanislav Vršič  Plant production  Researcher  2014 - 2017  395 
35.  23589  PhD Filip Vučajnk  Plant production  Researcher  2014 - 2017  178 
Organisations (5)
no. Code Research organisation City Registration number No. of publicationsNo. of publications
1.  0105  National Institute of Biology  Ljubljana  5055784  13,301 
2.  0401  Agricultural institute of Slovenia  Ljubljana  5055431  20,097 
3.  0481  University of Ljubljana, Biotechnical Faculty  Ljubljana  1626914  66,788 
4.  0482  University of Maribor, Faculty of Agriculture and Life Sciences  Hoče  5089638004  9,930 
5.  1360  AGRICULTURAL AND FORESTRY INSTITUTE OF NOVA GORICA  Nova Gorica  5051754  976 
Abstract
Many scientists associated with biodiversity believe that biodiversity plays a key role in maintaining a healthy and sustainable ecosystem. Such ecosystem is essential for the continuous growth of the human population and is one of the preconditions for a successful genetic adaptation and evolution because only genetically variable species can adapt to sudden environmental changes. The increasing genetic erosion is reducing chances of adaptation and leads to a disappearance of certain species, varieties, genotypes and consequently genes. Therefore, the conservation of biological diversity (genetic diversity) within genera and species is one of the key factors of the sustainable use of agricultural land and soil. The presence of genetically different varieties enables much more efficient adaptation to different biotic and abiotic factors and stress that exist in a particular environment.   Unfortunately, the intensive use of modern cultivars in agricultural production leads to the increasing loss of many traditional, highly valuable domestic varieties which are, especially in certain areas, unreplaceable. The most problematic are probably allogamous species. According to data from the literature, some local populations of maize are already intercrossed (genetically recombined) with newer hybrids but the owners of these populations are not aware of this process.    The conservation of landraces and other Slovenian local  populations of maize was already important to prof. Mikuž. He and his team at the Biotechnical Faculty started collecting domestic Slovenian maize populations in early 1950s. The main purpose was to protect and conserve local maize germplasm due to the increased cultivation of the imported American hybrids. The biggest problem were high yielding but low quality dent hybrids which began to spread rapidly across Slovenia. Most of this collected material is still maintained and stored in the maize gene bank at the Department of Agronomy of the Biotechnical Faculty. The responsible officer for the maintenance of the Slovenian maize germplasm is the leader of this proposed project. The gene pool of the maize gene bank includes about 600 different genotypes, particularly domestic maize, and is one of the oldest and largest gene banks in Slovenia. The gene bank at the Department of Agronomy of the Biotechnical Faculty also includes buckwheat, wheat and other cereals such as rye, barley, oats, proso millet and flax. In recent years, there is a growing demand for large quantities of seeds, including landraces and local populations which are kept in gene banks. However, the financial resources of the gene bank of the Biotechnical Faculty that come from the National Program 'Slovenian Plant Gene Bank' are sufficient only for the maintenance and preservation of already existing material in the gene bank. Therefore, the production of large quantities of seed of the maintained accessions from the gene bank is impossible.   Regarding the conservation of genetic resources, the European Commission adopted the Regulation (EC) No. 1698/2005 in order to on support the rural development by the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD ). Based on the Article 29 - Proposal for the regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on support for rural development by the EAFRD for 2014-2020, a member states within the agri-environmental and agro climatic payments also provide a support for the conservation of plant genetic resources in agriculture related to indigenous and traditional crop varieties in cultivation. On the basis of this regulation, and in order to maintain domestic varieties of crops, the Ministry of Agriculture and Environment prepared a list of indigenous and traditional varieties of crops under the SAEP which has been practiced since 2007. It is stated that the competent institutions of the European Community and the Republic of Slovenia MKO in recent years, with the respect to the conservation
Significance for science
Tema predlaganega projekta je v direktni povezavi med znanostjo in stroko, saj vključuje pomen genske erozije, ki se kaže v zmanjšanju genske variabilnosti kmetijskih rastlin oz. direktno v izgubi določenih genotipov v praksi. S pravilno, v praksi vsaj osnovno vzdrževalno selekcijo še razširjenih domačih sort, lahko znatno zmanjšamo upadanje genske variabilnosti, saj vzdržujemo originalne domače sorte. Principi in metode pravilne vzdrževalne selekcije bodo kmetijskim pridelovalcem neposredno prikazani in jo bodo lahko potem sami izvajali.   S hranjenjem domačih sort v genskih bakah in po potrebi uvajanje le-teh v širšo pridelavo se genetska variabilnost ne le zmanjšuje, ampak celo poveča.
Significance for the country
V projektu je predviden tudi vpis novih sort na seznam AOhr sort. Ves semenski material, ki se trži, mora biti v skladu s semenarsko zakonodajo. Čeprav je Biotehniška fakulteta registrirana za pridelavo in trženje semenskega blaga, gredo večje količine semena, vsaj pri koruzi v prodajo posredno preko trgovskih organizacij, kot sta Agrosaat d.o.o. in Semenarna Ljubljana d.d. V zadnjih letih smo uspešno tržili oba hibrida koruze, ki sta na seznamu AOhr sort, manjše količine direktno pridelovalcem, večje pa preko omenjenih trgovskih organizacij, kar ima neposredni pomen za gospodarstvo.   Ker so v projekt zajete vse najpomembnejše poljščine v Sloveniji, bo v programu KOP rešen problem kolobarja za pridelovalce sort, ki so na seznamu AOhr sort, kar bi vplivalo tudi na gospodarstvo teh kmetij.
Most important scientific results Annual report 2015, final report
Most important socioeconomically and culturally relevant results Annual report 2015, final report
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